Expatriation/repatriation/deportation

From 1943 to 1946, over 20,000 Japanese Americans applied to leave the United States for Japan in a process called "repatriation" (for Issei as non-citizens) or "expatriation" (for Nisei as citizens). Some Issei considered repatriation preferable to remaining in a country that had long discriminated against them. For Nisei, who had rarely been to Japan, expatriation meant renouncing their U.S. citizenship. Some were pressured to do so by family members or extremists; others were bitter about their mistreatment by the government. In total, only 4,724 ended up leaving for Japan directly from the camps and many eventually returned to the U.S. Nearly all Nisei who wanted to were able to regain their citizenship, although the process was long and difficult.

Expatriation/repatriation/deportation (133)

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Joe Kurihara

133 items
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-164-34)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-164-34)
Observing changes in the pro-Japan organizations during the institution of the renunciation program
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-164-36)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-164-36)
Personal feelings after father's arrest: angry, but "kind of proud"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-164-38)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-164-38)
Mother communicates via coded letters to try to discover father's whereabouts after his removal from Tule Lake
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-164-39)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-164-39)
Observing mother's peers turning against her after her husband's arrest and removal from Tule Lake
Frank Sumida Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-261-33)
vh Frank Sumida Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-261-33)
First impressions of Japan

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

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