Expatriation/repatriation/deportation

From 1943 to 1946, over 20,000 Japanese Americans applied to leave the United States for Japan in a process called "repatriation" (for Issei as non-citizens) or "expatriation" (for Nisei as citizens). Some Issei considered repatriation preferable to remaining in a country that had long discriminated against them. For Nisei, who had rarely been to Japan, expatriation meant renouncing their U.S. citizenship. Some were pressured to do so by family members or extremists; others were bitter about their mistreatment by the government. In total, only 4,724 ended up leaving for Japan directly from the camps and many eventually returned to the U.S. Nearly all Nisei who wanted to were able to regain their citizenship, although the process was long and difficult.

Expatriation/repatriation/deportation (133)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Joe Kurihara

133 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
"Maine Solon Gives Support to JACL Plan" (p. 1), "House Body Sifts Immigration Ruling" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
"Truman Calls on Congress to Speed Up Business of Evacuation, Civil Rights" (pg.1), "7,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Face Loss of U.S. Citizenship" (pg. 1), "JACL Bigwigs Plan Strategy to Push Bills" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
"First Nisei War Dead to Arrive Late in 1948, JACL is Informed" (p. 1), "Canadian Property Owners Agree to Evacuation Loss Terms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-82)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-82)
"H.R. Approves Bills to Help Three Aliens" (pg. 1), "Judd Introduces Third Measure on Naturalization, Immigration" (pg. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
"Japan Pushes Tourist Plan for 1948, 1949" (p. 1), "Vancouver CLU Opposes Curbs Against Japanese Canadians" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
"Sees Complications in Return of Nisei Stranded in Japan" (p. 1), "Anti-Bias Group Eyes Removal of Race Restrictions" (p. 1), "Aliens Now May Apply for Business" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 38 (May 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-106)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 38 (May 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-106)
"2,300 Nisei Renunciants Regain "Lost' Citizenship; Judge Scores Government Handling of Cases" (p. 1), "Hearings on Evacuation Claims Legislation Due Early Part of This Month, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
"Demo Leader OK's Rights Legislation" (p. 1), "Settlement Nears for Peru Japanese Stranded in U.S., Masaoka Reports" (p. 1), "B.C. to Continue Evacuee Aid" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 70 (August 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-239)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 70 (August 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-239)
"Giving Dictatorial Powers Dangerous, is Rep. Yates' Warning to Congress" (p. 1), "Many Nisei in Action on Korean Front, Seattleite Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
"130 Strandees Ask Re-Entry, JCCA Reports" (p. 1), "Justice Department Unit Aide Outlines How Its L.A. Office Will Process the Claims" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
"Community to Pay Respects to Northwest Nisei GI Dead at First Methodist, June 26" (p. 1), "Registration Measure Goes Before House" (p. 1), "Senate Sends Citizenship Bill Back to House for Rider Action" (p. 1).
The Newell Star, Special Edition (November 26, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-102)
doc The Newell Star, Special Edition (November 26, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-102)
Special publication titled "Second Japan Sailing: Departure of Family Groups Set by Justice Department."
The Newell Star, Extra (November 17, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-100)
doc The Newell Star, Extra (November 17, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-100)
Special publication titled "Justice Department Repatriation: First Departure Next Friday."
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 6 (February 9, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-55)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 6 (February 9, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-55)
Selected article titles: "Notice to Prospective Repatriates Received" (pp. 1-2), "Equal Treatment Assured Students" (p. 1), and "Canada Uncertain on Segregation" (p. 1).
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 44 (November 2, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-96)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 44 (November 2, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-96)
Selected article titles: "Repatriate News Expected Soon" (p. 1), "New Asst. Project Director: Shelly to Expand Tule Relocation Services" (p. 1), and "Establish Housing Project for 500 Near Sacramento" (p. 2).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 16 (June 15, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-23)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 16 (June 15, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-23)
Selected article titles: "Graduation for 120 Seniors on Friday" (p. 1), "Repatriation Requests in Transit to Japan" (PP. 1-2), and "All Meetings, Entertainments Must Be Registered with Police" (p. 2).
Marion Tsutakawa Kanemoto Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-148-30)
vh Marion Tsutakawa Kanemoto Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-148-30)
Leaving for Japan on the SS Gripsholm, part of the U.S. government-sponsored "exchange"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-164-45)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-164-45)
Working for the Saga Prefecture military government, encouraged by boss to return to the United States
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