Expatriation/repatriation/deportation

From 1943 to 1946, over 20,000 Japanese Americans applied to leave the United States for Japan in a process called "repatriation" (for Issei as non-citizens) or "expatriation" (for Nisei as citizens). Some Issei considered repatriation preferable to remaining in a country that had long discriminated against them. For Nisei, who had rarely been to Japan, expatriation meant renouncing their U.S. citizenship. Some were pressured to do so by family members or extremists; others were bitter about their mistreatment by the government. In total, only 4,724 ended up leaving for Japan directly from the camps and many eventually returned to the U.S. Nearly all Nisei who wanted to were able to regain their citizenship, although the process was long and difficult.

Expatriation/repatriation/deportation (153)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Joe Kurihara

153 items
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-164-23)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-164-23)
Father decides to volunteer to go to Japan, wife and children insist on accompanying him
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-164-33)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-164-33)
A shift in the objectives and leadership of the pro-Japan organizations after announcement that people would be allowed to renounce their U.S. citizenship
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-164-24)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-164-24)
Feeling shocked upon hearing of family's decision to go to Japan; labeled a "disloyal" by peers
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-164-42)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-164-42)
Arrival in Japan: confronted with poverty and despair: "it was a dismal, dismal situation"
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
Indonesians leaving buses at the Southern Pacific depot in San Francisco, to board a train to take them to the immigration detention facility at Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-27-6)
img Indonesians leaving buses at the Southern Pacific depot in San Francisco, to board a train to take them to the immigration detention facility at Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-27-6)
Caption found with the image reads, "Showing Indonesians leaving buses, at Southern Pacific depot, San Francisco, to board railroad coaches waiting for them." This train was to take them to the immigration detention facility at Crystal City, Texas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ind_01_01_008
Indonesian deportees changing currency (ddr-csujad-27-5)
img Indonesian deportees changing currency (ddr-csujad-27-5)
Caption found with the image reads, "Indonesian deportees having their United States money changed to currency they could use when they arrived 'home'." These Indonesian seamen were being deported by ship from San Francisco, California to Batavia, Dutch East Indies. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ind_01_01_003
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
"Maine Solon Gives Support to JACL Plan" (p. 1), "House Body Sifts Immigration Ruling" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
"Truman Calls on Congress to Speed Up Business of Evacuation, Civil Rights" (pg.1), "7,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Face Loss of U.S. Citizenship" (pg. 1), "JACL Bigwigs Plan Strategy to Push Bills" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
"First Nisei War Dead to Arrive Late in 1948, JACL is Informed" (p. 1), "Canadian Property Owners Agree to Evacuation Loss Terms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-82)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 9 (January 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-82)
"H.R. Approves Bills to Help Three Aliens" (pg. 1), "Judd Introduces Third Measure on Naturalization, Immigration" (pg. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
"Japan Pushes Tourist Plan for 1948, 1949" (p. 1), "Vancouver CLU Opposes Curbs Against Japanese Canadians" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
"Sees Complications in Return of Nisei Stranded in Japan" (p. 1), "Anti-Bias Group Eyes Removal of Race Restrictions" (p. 1), "Aliens Now May Apply for Business" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 38 (May 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-106)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 38 (May 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-106)
"2,300 Nisei Renunciants Regain "Lost' Citizenship; Judge Scores Government Handling of Cases" (p. 1), "Hearings on Evacuation Claims Legislation Due Early Part of This Month, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
"Demo Leader OK's Rights Legislation" (p. 1), "Settlement Nears for Peru Japanese Stranded in U.S., Masaoka Reports" (p. 1), "B.C. to Continue Evacuee Aid" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 70 (August 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-239)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 70 (August 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-239)
"Giving Dictatorial Powers Dangerous, is Rep. Yates' Warning to Congress" (p. 1), "Many Nisei in Action on Korean Front, Seattleite Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
"130 Strandees Ask Re-Entry, JCCA Reports" (p. 1), "Justice Department Unit Aide Outlines How Its L.A. Office Will Process the Claims" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
"Community to Pay Respects to Northwest Nisei GI Dead at First Methodist, June 26" (p. 1), "Registration Measure Goes Before House" (p. 1), "Senate Sends Citizenship Bill Back to House for Rider Action" (p. 1).
The Newell Star, Special Edition (November 26, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-102)
doc The Newell Star, Special Edition (November 26, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-102)
Special publication titled "Second Japan Sailing: Departure of Family Groups Set by Justice Department."
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