Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

World War II (215)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Supreme Court cases (14)
Gordon Hirabayashi (109)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

109 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Verdict Reached" (pp. 1, 8), "Colorado Rep Backs H.R. 442" (p. 1), "Remark on Onizuka Protested" (p. 1), and "Bill to Eliminate 'Jap' Proposed" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Celebrates Victory" (pp. 1, 5), "Noted Architect Yamasaki Dies" (p. 1), "East Wind: The Canadian Nisei" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Overseas Japanese" (p. 5).
Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
doc Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
Report to people who have contributed financial support for the Gordon Hirabayashi case on the hearing before the Supreme Court. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_02
Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
doc Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
Fundraising letter requesting contributions for taking Gordon Hirabayashi's case to the Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco. At the time of writing, Hirabayashi was imprisoned in King County, Washington. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_01
Sentinel supplement, series 65 (May 7, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1052)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 65 (May 7, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1052)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information on employment, public gathering permits; fundraising for the Hirabayashi case, sick leave, victory gardens, clothing allowances, dry cleaning, and lost-and-found. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1054
Outcasts!: the story of America's treatment of her Japanese-American minority (ddr-csujad-55-339)
doc Outcasts!: the story of America's treatment of her Japanese-American minority (ddr-csujad-55-339)
Pamphlet covering topics including forced evacuation, incarceration, loyalty of the Japanese American population, plans for "resettlement," a program to prevent further discrimination, and details on the Hirabayashi case. Includes photographs. Originally published in Fortune magazine as "Issei Nisei Kibei." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0341
Democracy and Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-55-344)
doc Democracy and Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-55-344)
Pamphlet describing "evacuation", incarceration, court cases including Wakayama, Korematsu, Yasui, Hirabayashi, and Kanai, and the civil liberties issues surrounding the treatment of individuals of Japanese descent during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0346
Issei, Nisei, Kibei (ddr-csujad-55-340)
doc Issei, Nisei, Kibei (ddr-csujad-55-340)
Pamphlet covering evacuation, incarceration, loyalty of the Japanese American population, plans for "resettlement", a program to prevent further discrimination, and details on the Hirabayashi case. Includes photographs. Reprinted as "Outcasts! The Story of America's Treatment of Her Japanese-American Minority." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0342
Interview outside of the courthouse  during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-71)
img Interview outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-71)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
img View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
The Gordon Hirabayashi hearing was held here, in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-70)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-70)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-75)
img Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-75)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-76)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-76)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-74)
img Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-74)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
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