Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

World War II (66)
Military service (856)
Military Intelligence Service (636)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

636 items
Yoshimi Matsuura Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1014-6-25)
vh Yoshimi Matsuura Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1014-6-25)
Being drafted, choosing to join the Military Intelligence Service
Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-1-10)
vh Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-1-10)
Eating fallen pack mules as conditions worsened in Burma

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Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1007-1-12)
vh Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1007-1-12)
A frightening experience in Burma, protection for Nisei soldiers

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Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1007-1-11)
vh Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1007-1-11)
Positive and negative memories of assignment in Burma

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Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-1-9)
vh Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-1-9)
Difficult conditions in Burma affect health of the soldiers

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Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-1-7)
vh Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-1-7)
Deciding to volunteer for a dangerous mission with Merrill's Marauders

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Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-1-8)
vh Howard H. Furumoto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-1-8)
Feeling close kinship with other Nisei in Merrill's Marauders

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Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1007-9-11)
vh Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1007-9-11)
Volunteering for a special mission in France

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Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-9-10)
vh Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-9-10)
Finding a critical Japanese document

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Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-9-8)
vh Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-9-8)
Feeling close to fellow Nisei soldiers

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Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-3-9)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-3-9)
The important role of Nisei in the postwar occupation of Japan

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Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-9-9)
vh Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-9-9)
Graduating from language school and assigned to the Pentagon

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Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-3-7)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-3-7)
The difficulties faced by Nisei in the Military Intelligence Service because of secrecy

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-10-3)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-10-3)
Thoughts about officers in the Military Intelligence Service

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-10-9)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-10-9)
Techniques for interrogating Japanese prisoners of war

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-10-4)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-10-4)
Being asked to help select the group of volunteers for a secret mission (audio only)

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-10-5)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-10-5)
Serving behind enemy Japanese lines in Burma (audio only)

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-10-8)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-10-8)
Closeness with fellow soldiers in Merrill's Marauders

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-10-10)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-10-10)
Serving as General Merrill's personal interpreter

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-10-6)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-10-6)
The significance of the Japanese POWs' swords (audio only)

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-10-7)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-10-7)
Difficult terrain in Burma; working with soldiers from other countries

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Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-10-2)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-10-2)
Interacting with white soldiers on the trip to the mainland

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Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-4-9)
vh Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1007-4-9)
Being asked to select volunteers for the Merrill's Marauders mission

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of …

Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-4-7)
vh Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-4-7)
Assigned to the Military Intelligence Service despite low Japanese language test score

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Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-4-6)
vh Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-4-6)
Role with Merrill's Marauders: checking bodies of dead soldiers

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the …

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