Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

World War II (66)
Military service (856)
Military Intelligence Service (636)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

636 items
Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1008-4-13)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1008-4-13)
Being recruited for the Military Intelligence Service

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1008-4-24)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1008-4-24)
Description of duties during the war crimes trials

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Ted Tsukiyama Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1004-22-4)
vh Ted Tsukiyama Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1004-22-4)
The importance of the Kibei in the Military Intelligence Service
Barry Saiki Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1004-4-5)
vh Barry Saiki Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1004-4-5)
The important role of the Nisei in the Military Intelligence Service

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

Don Okubo Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1004-21-5)
vh Don Okubo Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1004-21-5)
Interrogation strategies as a Japanese American interpreter

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Sunao
vh Sunao "Phil" Ishio Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1004-8-9)
Translating personal documents of Japanese soldiers

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Sunao
vh Sunao "Phil" Ishio Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1004-8-10)
Translating the Z Plan

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Sunao
vh Sunao "Phil" Ishio Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1004-8-2)
The roles of Kibei and Nisei in the Military Intelligence Service

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-23-3)
vh Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-23-3)
Being recruited to teach Japanese despite having no prior teaching experience

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-23-1)
vh Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-23-1)
Helping to establish the Military Intelligence Service Language School

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the …

Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1004-23-2)
vh Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1004-23-2)
Being recruited help establish the MIS language school

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1004-23-4)
vh Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1004-23-4)
Description of John Aiso

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-3-1)
vh James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-3-1)
The beginnings of the Military Intelligence Service Language School

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the …

James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-3-3)
vh James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-3-3)
The role of the Nisei and Kibei in the Military Intelligence Service Language School

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views …

James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1004-3-9)
vh James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1004-3-9)
The role of women in the Military Intelligence Service

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the …

James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1004-3-7)
vh James C. McNaughton Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1004-3-7)
Description of John Aiso

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Gordon Yamada Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-2-1)
vh Gordon Yamada Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-2-1)
Drafted into the Military Intelligence Service

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Grant Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1004-11-7)
vh Grant Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1004-11-7)
Description of interrogation tactics

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Roy Takai Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1004-5-6)
vh Roy Takai Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1004-5-6)
Thoughts on service with the MIS: "We were helping to defeat the enemy and helping our country"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily …

Roy Takai Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-5-3)
vh Roy Takai Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-5-3)
Description of work translating documents

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1004-20-5)
vh Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1004-20-5)
Translating a critical captured Japanese military register

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Richard Kosaki Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-1-15)
vh Richard Kosaki Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-1-15)
Volunteering as a language instructor in the Military Intelligence Service; an interesting story about a fellow soldier

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily …

Eddie Owada Interview Segment 21 (ddr-manz-1-37-21)
vh Eddie Owada Interview Segment 21 (ddr-manz-1-37-21)
Selected for the Military Intelligence Service, wanting combat duty
API