Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

World War II (215)
Military service (1048)
Military Intelligence Service (648)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

648 items
Volunteers for the Military Intelligence Service (ddr-densho-22-79)
img Volunteers for the Military Intelligence Service (ddr-densho-22-79)
Caption in album: "Volunteers please / Just prior to V-J day came a survey of Volunteers was made for the Camp Savage (later Fort Snelling) language school for men to ship to go to school and on to Japan to fight. Here the two above photos show as the volunteers were made ready to leave for …
Yanamura Family (ddr-densho-22-156)
img Yanamura Family (ddr-densho-22-156)
Caption on reverse: "Father 66 / Herbert 20 / Kenneth 15 / Franklin 11 / Aug. '44."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 26 (December 16, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 26 (December 16, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-49)
Selected article titles: "Outstanding Chemists to Be Honored" (p.1-2), "Predict Most Vietnam Refugees to Be at Work" (p.1-2), "The Day I Quit Judo" (p.4), "Equal Opportunity in California-A New Era" (p.5), "Women in JACL" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2052 (July 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2052 (July 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-28)
Selected article titles: "Mineta Lauds Nisei MIS Role During WW2 in Pacific Theater" (pp. 1, 7), "Major Cutback in Whaling Approved" (p. 1), "J. William Fulbright Says: Japan Acquires Secret for Humanity: Make Cultural Development, Not War" (p. 2), and "Ex-Kamikaze Pilot Teaches English to Foreign Students at Michigan State" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 6 (August 6, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 6 (August 6, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-31)
Selected article titles: "Japan Revision of WW2 History Angers Neighbor Asian Nations" (pp. 1, 6), "Congressional Subcommittee Approves $300,000 for CWRIC" (pp. 1-2), "Justice Dept. Says Japan Firms 'Conspired' to Raise Prices" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: Time to Bury the 'Secrecy Myth' of MIS" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 3 (July 16, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 3 (July 16, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-28)
Selected article titles: "IBM Case Adds Friction to U.S.-Japan Trade" (pp. 1, 5), "Mineta Urges Fifth Preference to Remain in Immigration Law" (pp. 1, 4), "Census: 5,000 in U.S. Turn 65 Years of Age Every Day" (pp. 1, 8), and "Ye Editor's Desk: 100/442nd/MIS Museum Foundation" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 20 (December 23-30, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 20 (December 23-30, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-45)
Special holiday issue divided into sections A 1-12, B 1-12, C 1-16, D 1-12, E 1-24, D 13-24, C 17-32, B 13-24, and A 13-24. Selected article titles: "The President Signs the Redress Bill" (pp. B-1-B-2), "Decision to Cooperate" (pp. C-4-C-5), "Despite Wishes of Some: Comparatively Few Internees Came from Hawaii" (pp. E-2-E-3, E-19), and "John …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 17 (May 4, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 17 (May 4, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-17)
Select article titles: "In Tribute to Sen. Spark Matsunaga: 'Initiated Probably more statues of Benefit to Those of Japanese Ancestry'"(p.1);"JACL Chicago Chapter Supports American Indian Rights"(p.2); "JACL Minidoka Project Memorial to List 73 Names of Nisei War Dead"(p.3); "Okinawan MIS Veteran, Educator, Sen. Inouye's Aide Tells His Story"(p.10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 112, No. 4 [February 1, 1991] (ddr-pc-63-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 112, No. 4 [February 1, 1991] (ddr-pc-63-4)
Select article titles: "Civil Liberties of Arab Americans in U.S. May Be Threatened by FBI, Mineta Warns" (p. 1), San Fernando Valley Japanese School Plagued by Vandals; Racism Not Seen" (p. 1), "MISLS Graduates: Caucasians Completing Studies Were Commissioned, but Not Nisei" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 114, No. 1 (January 3-10, 1992) (ddr-pc-64-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 114, No. 1 (January 3-10, 1992) (ddr-pc-64-1)
Select article titles: "1991- A year of hate crimes" (p. 1); "Mistaken for Korean, Thai women is beaten" (p. 1); "Man sues for false arrest in temple murders" (p.1); "Nisei in the Military Intelligence" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 6 (August 27-September 2, 1993) (ddr-pc-65-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 6 (August 27-September 2, 1993) (ddr-pc-65-31)
Select article titles: "JACL calls for investigation in shooting death of Japanese student" (p. 1); "Discussing the...'Real World of Asians'" (p. 1); "Senate fails to include funds for redress education" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 17 (November 12-18,1993) (ddr-pc-65-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 17 (November 12-18,1993) (ddr-pc-65-42)
Select article titles: "Japan-Louisiana group formed in response to Hattori tragedy" (p. 1); "Arrest made in Sacramento firebombings" (p. 1); "University newsletter's cartoon called racist" (p. 1); "Monument placed at first MIS School site" (p. 3).
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