Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (218)
Department of Justice camps (401)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

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401 items
Landscaping at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1369)
img Landscaping at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1369)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting landscaping and plants at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes a photograph of a group of children standing on a Japanese style bridge. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 40. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the …
Swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1510)
img Swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1510)
Color photograph of the swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 141. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1512
Some of our nurses aides and the country to which they returned (ddr-csujad-55-1403)
img Some of our nurses aides and the country to which they returned (ddr-csujad-55-1403)
Black and white portrait photographs of four nurses aides listing which country or state they returned to after leaving the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from capiton. From Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 64. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Internal relations office at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1517)
img Internal relations office at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1517)
Color photograph of the Internal Relations office at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 143. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1519
Swimming pool; Sewage disposal (ddr-csujad-55-1360)
img Swimming pool; Sewage disposal (ddr-csujad-55-1360)
Scrapbook page containing two black and white aerial photographs depicting the swimming pool and sewage disposal at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 31. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Recreation: as directed by the internees themselves (ddr-csujad-55-1455)
doc Recreation: as directed by the internees themselves (ddr-csujad-55-1455)
Scrapbook page with an essay on internee-led recreation activities at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 104. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1457
Letter from Tomiye to Miss Mary Clark, November 3, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1457)
doc Letter from Tomiye to Miss Mary Clark, November 3, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1457)
Scrapbook page containing a note regarding a request for a crutch and a Boy Scouts program. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 106. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1459
Ephemera related to the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1488)
doc Ephemera related to the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1488)
Scrapbook page containing ephemera related to the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes correspondence form, Japanese currency, export form and newspaper clipping. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 130. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1490
Program of play written, produced and given by Italian detainees at Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1348)
doc Program of play written, produced and given by Italian detainees at Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1348)
Program for a play written, produced, and performed at Fort Missoula Department of Justice Internment Camp by Italian internees. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 19. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1350
Some of our younger internees (ddr-csujad-55-1372)
img Some of our younger internees (ddr-csujad-55-1372)
Scrapbook page containing three black and white photographs of children at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 43. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1374
Eye chart with the English phonetic at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1409)
doc Eye chart with the English phonetic at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1409)
Hand drawn Japanese eye charts with the English phonetic below, used at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 69. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1411
Federal Elementary Class 1944; Federal Elementary School Class of 1944 eight grade graduation (ddr-csujad-55-1423)
doc Federal Elementary Class 1944; Federal Elementary School Class of 1944 eight grade graduation (ddr-csujad-55-1423)
Scrapbook page containing an invitation and program for the Federal Elementary School graduation ceremony at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For invitation see sac_jaac_1426; for program see sac_jaac_1427. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 77. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Rhythm band; Federal elementary school (ddr-csujad-55-1431)
img Rhythm band; Federal elementary school (ddr-csujad-55-1431)
Scrapbook page containing three black and white photographs of the rhythm band at Federal elementary school with an event program. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 83. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1433
Letter from Dr. Adolph L. Kappus to the spokesmen of the German and Japanese group, August 27, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1391)
doc Letter from Dr. Adolph L. Kappus to the spokesmen of the German and Japanese group, August 27, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1391)
Correspondence and report by Adolph Kappus to the spokesman of the German and Japanese group regarding health concerns in Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Covers current and potential health concerns, environmental factors, and medical equipment shortages. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See …
Poem from German internee at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1386)
doc Poem from German internee at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1386)
Poem written by a German internee given as a gift to Mary Clark, originally accompanied by a bottle of perfume. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 56. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1388
Federal Elementary School (ddr-csujad-55-1432)
doc Federal Elementary School (ddr-csujad-55-1432)
Invitation for a musical program and tea at Federal elementary school at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 83. See especially sac_jaac_1433. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1434
Victory Hut area and water tower at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1515)
img Victory Hut area and water tower at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1515)
Color photograph of the "Victory Huts" with the water tower in the background at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 142. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1517
Culinary Division (ddr-csujad-55-1452)
doc Culinary Division (ddr-csujad-55-1452)
Scrapbook page containing the first page of an essay on the history and activities of the Culinary Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. For full essay see sac_jaac_1455. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 102. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the …
Internee instruction, no. 60 (March 6, 1946) (ddr-csujad-55-1492)
doc Internee instruction, no. 60 (March 6, 1946) (ddr-csujad-55-1492)
Instructions regarding a thirty-day window for repatriated internees departing from Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 131. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1494
Religion (ddr-csujad-55-1462)
doc Religion (ddr-csujad-55-1462)
Scrapbook page containing a brief essay on religious groups and services at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes a program from the Christmas 1943 Protestant Christmas program. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 111. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State …
Hospital corridors; O.B. room; Dental clinic (ddr-csujad-55-1388)
img Hospital corridors; O.B. room; Dental clinic (ddr-csujad-55-1388)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting the hospital corridors, obstetrics room, and the dental clinic at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 57. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Road bordering the perimeter of Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1516)
img Road bordering the perimeter of Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1516)
Color photograph of the road bordering the perimeter of Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 143. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1518
Letter from Thomas Parran, Surgeon General, to Nurse Mary F. Clark, U.S. Public Health Service Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky, February 27, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1334)
doc Letter from Thomas Parran, Surgeon General, to Nurse Mary F. Clark, U.S. Public Health Service Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky, February 27, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1334)
Correspondence from Thomas Parran to Mary Clark regarding Clarks travel authorization from Lexington, Kentucky to Fort Missoula, Montana. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 5. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1336
Administrative instruction (Crystal City, Texas), no. 17; Internee instruction no. 29 (ddr-csujad-55-1448)
doc Administrative instruction (Crystal City, Texas), no. 17; Internee instruction no. 29 (ddr-csujad-55-1448)
Scrapbook page containing an administrative instruction outlining the functions of the Internee Employment Office at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Covers organization, classes of work, assignment, reassignments, resignation, termination, suspension, work hours, eligibility, timekeeping, and injuries. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 99. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See …
Senior Day at Federal High School at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1413)
img Senior Day at Federal High School at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1413)
Four black and white photographs depicting groups of school children and a group of school staff members at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 73. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1415
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