Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (218)
Department of Justice camps (401)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

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401 items
Letter from the Lemuel B. Schofield, Special Assistant to the Attorney General to the Immigration and Naturalization Service, April 28, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1333)
doc Letter from the Lemuel B. Schofield, Special Assistant to the Attorney General to the Immigration and Naturalization Service, April 28, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1333)
Correspondence from Lemuel B. Schofield to the Immigration and Naturalization Service regarding "instructions concerning the treatment of enemy alien detainees." Covers humane treatment, quarters, sanitation, exercise and fresh air, food, clothing, bedding, canteens, work, recreation, religious service, visitors, internal relations, censorship, money and valuables, discipline, medical care, civil processes, death and burial, and posting of the …
Going up to the main gate (ddr-csujad-55-1361)
img Going up to the main gate (ddr-csujad-55-1361)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white photograph of the sign near the main entrance to Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 32. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Five trainloads aliens leave camp (ddr-csujad-55-1499)
doc Five trainloads aliens leave camp (ddr-csujad-55-1499)
Newspaper clipping regarding repatriation at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 136. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1501
Leanor, nurse's aide at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1407)
img Leanor, nurse's aide at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1407)
Two black and white photographs of "Leanor,", a nurses aide at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 67. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1409
Down by the Bitterroot River (ddr-csujad-55-1338)
doc Down by the Bitterroot River (ddr-csujad-55-1338)
Four mounted black and white photographs depicting "Aunt Mary" with two individuals and Montana landscapes. Caption reads: Down by the Bitterroot River. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 9. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1340
German recreation hall at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1506)
img German recreation hall at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1506)
Color photograph of the German recreation hall at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 139. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1508
Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp medical staff and aerial view of hospital (ddr-csujad-55-1408)
img Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp medical staff and aerial view of hospital (ddr-csujad-55-1408)
Black and white photographs of the medical staff and an aerial view of the hospital facilities at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 68. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1410
Football program (ddr-csujad-55-1415)
doc Football program (ddr-csujad-55-1415)
Program for a high school football game at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes names of players and positions and coaches biographical statements. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 74. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1417
Christmas card from Japanese Spokesman's office to Miss Mary F. Clark, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1406)
doc Christmas card from Japanese Spokesman's office to Miss Mary F. Clark, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1406)
Christmas card from the Japanese Spokesman's office to Mary Clark. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 66. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1408
Santa Claus
img Santa Claus "Knecht Ruprecht" at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1464)
Scrapbook page containing photographs of Santa Clause or "Knecht Ruprecht" at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 112. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1466
Japanese repatriation on the Liner Matsonian (ddr-csujad-55-1495)
img Japanese repatriation on the Liner Matsonian (ddr-csujad-55-1495)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white photograph of Japanese internees boarding the steam liner, Matsonian, about to be repatriated to Japan. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 134. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1497
German entertainment (ddr-csujad-55-1461)
img German entertainment (ddr-csujad-55-1461)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of German entertainers in costume at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 110. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1463
Crystal City Internment Camp history (ddr-csujad-55-1453)
doc Crystal City Internment Camp history (ddr-csujad-55-1453)
Scrapbook page containing an essay on the history and activities of the Culinary Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Covers internee employees, operations, facilities, and services. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 102. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Chicken farm; Camp water tower; Japanese union store and camp barber shop; Mail boxes (ddr-csujad-55-1442)
img Chicken farm; Camp water tower; Japanese union store and camp barber shop; Mail boxes (ddr-csujad-55-1442)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of locations at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp including the chicken farm, Catholic church, water tower, union store, and barber shop. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 93. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the …
Swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1478)
img Swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1478)
Scrapbook page containing six black and white photographs of the swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 121. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1480
Hospital grounds (ddr-csujad-55-1390)
img Hospital grounds (ddr-csujad-55-1390)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of the hospital building exterior and grounds at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 59. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1392
Translation of a report to Mr. H. Bruppacher of the Legation of Switzerland, July 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1398)
doc Translation of a report to Mr. H. Bruppacher of the Legation of Switzerland, July 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1398)
Report to Mr. H. Bruppacher of the Legation of Switzerland regarding the state of medical services and health care at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From Mary F. Clark scrapbook, \nBefore I Forget, 1942-1947,; page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Educational Division (ddr-csujad-55-1412)
doc Educational Division (ddr-csujad-55-1412)
Scrapbook page containing notes about the Educational Division and school system at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 72. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1414
Sumio at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1505)
img Sumio at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1505)
Color photograph of the "Sumio" at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 139. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1507
Jr Sr colonial winter banquet; Jr Sr colonial winter program (ddr-csujad-55-1416)
doc Jr Sr colonial winter banquet; Jr Sr colonial winter program (ddr-csujad-55-1416)
Scrapbook page containing an invitation and program for the Federal High School Junior-Senior Banquet at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For programs, see sac_jaac_1419 and sac_jaac_1420. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 75. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Clothing store (ddr-csujad-55-1433)
img Clothing store (ddr-csujad-55-1433)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white photograph and brief essay on the history of the clothing store at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 84. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Japanese internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1522)
img Japanese internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1522)
Color photograph depicting a group of Japanese internees standing near huts at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 145. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1524
Joseph L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge (ddr-csujad-55-1524)
img Joseph L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge (ddr-csujad-55-1524)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white photographic portrait of Joseph L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Also includes Clark's reflection on O'Rourke's leadership at the camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 146. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this …
Sky view: alien internment camp, Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1356)
doc Sky view: alien internment camp, Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1356)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white aerial photograph of the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 27. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1358
Birthday party (ddr-csujad-55-1474)
img Birthday party (ddr-csujad-55-1474)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of a birthday party celebration at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 117. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1476
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