Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (216)
Department of Justice camps (399)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

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399 items
Letter to Henrietta Schoen from Kamematsu Kimoto (ddr-densho-223-75)
doc Letter to Henrietta Schoen from Kamematsu Kimoto (ddr-densho-223-75)
Letter talking about moving the Rowher and being reunited with family.
Group photo in Santa Fe (ddr-densho-200-1)
img Group photo in Santa Fe (ddr-densho-200-1)
Extreme right, back row, Shinjiro Morita. Front second left, Kikuzo Uyeminami.
Tennis team (ddr-densho-200-3)
img Tennis team (ddr-densho-200-3)
Front, second from right: Shinjiro Morita.
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 26 (June 29, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-74)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 26 (June 29, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-74)
Selected article titles: "Units of Two Centers to Close by Oct." (p. 1), "400 Arrive at Santa Fe Camp" (p. 1), "13,652 Relocate in Dec. 31-June 16 Period" (p. 2), and "Boxing Show Features Double Main Event" (p. 6).
Buddhist ministers at Sante Fe internment camp (ddr-densho-310-1)
img Buddhist ministers at Sante Fe internment camp (ddr-densho-310-1)
A group photograph of the Buddhist ministers interned at Sante Fe internment camp. Etsuko Osaki's father, Tatsuya Ichikawa, is in the second row, third from the left. Ichikawa was picked up by the FBI in April 1942. He remained separated from his family for two years before they reunited in Crystal City internment camp.
Letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura to Kiyoko Noda, April 30, 1949 (ddr-csujad-10-3)
doc Letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura to Kiyoko Noda, April 30, 1949 (ddr-csujad-10-3)
A letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura, an internee in the Crystal City Internment Camp, Texas, to his grandmother, Kiyoko Noda, in Lima, Peru. He includes updates on day to day life in the Crystal City camp, including the event on the Emperor's birthday [April 29] and a play performed in the camp. He details the Boy Scouts …
Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Kikuko Noda, January 26, 1945 (ddr-csujad-10-2)
doc Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Kikuko Noda, January 26, 1945 (ddr-csujad-10-2)
A letter from Kiyoko Matsuura, an internee at the Crystal City Internment Camp, to her mother, Kikuko Noda in Lima, Peru. In the letter, she describes the celebration of the New Year [1945] at the internment camp and expresses her appreciation for the gifts sent by her mother. According to her letter, it appears that Kiyoko …
Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Mizuko Noda, September 5, 1944 (ddr-csujad-10-1)
doc Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Mizuko Noda, September 5, 1944 (ddr-csujad-10-1)
A letter from Kiyoko Matsuura, an internee in the Crystal City Internment Camp, to her sister in Lima Peru. In the letter, she includes updates on day to day life in the Crystal City camp and expresses her appreciation for the money sent by her father. Kiyoko states that she is anxiously waiting for a ship …
An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu (ddr-csujad-29-57)
vh An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu (ddr-csujad-29-57)
Issei community leader and businessman in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo recounts his arrest by Federal Bureau of Investigation after Pearl Harbor, his experiences in internment camps in North Dakota and Louisiana, and the Manzanar incarceration camp, California. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Transcript is …
An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi (ddr-csujad-29-58)
vh An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi (ddr-csujad-29-58)
Issei Buddhist bishop and superintendent of Kayasan Temple in Little Tokyo since 1931 recounts his wartime experiences and internment at Fort Missoula, Montana; Livingstone, Louisiana; and Crystal City, Texas. Transcribed in both Japanese and English. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Transcript is found in …
An oral history with Ronald Tanimoto (ddr-csujad-29-44)
av An oral history with Ronald Tanimoto (ddr-csujad-29-44)
An oral interview with Ronald Tanimoto, internee at the Crystal City Department of Justice internment camp. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0144. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2473_T01
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Akiko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-2)
doc Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Akiko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-2)
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from his daughter Akiko Miyagi. Akiko tells about a sandstorm on July 3rd, how her younger brother Donald can now say "goodbye" and how the tempature in Arizona is very hot. Per donor, this letter was written by the older sister Takeko (aged 9) for Akiko (aged 3).
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Takeko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-3)
doc Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Takeko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-3)
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from his daughter Takeko Miyagi. Takeko writes about how her brother just turned 7 months old, how she hopes her father enjoyed the postcards from her younger sisters Akiko and Yoko, and tells him about going to school.
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Takeko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-4)
doc Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Takeko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-4)
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from his daughter Takeko Miyagi. Takeko writes about receiving candy from Yuhachi, how her sister, Akiko, was excited about the last telegram they received from him, and a watermelon the family bought.
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Yoko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-1)
doc Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from Yoko Miyagi (ddr-densho-416-1)
Postcard to Yuhachi Miyagi from his daughter Yoko Miyagi. Yoko writes about how her sister Akiko misses him and wants him to join the family soon. Yoko also writes about her her brother Donald stood up for the first time on July 1st. Per donor, this letter was written by the older sister Takeko (aged 9) …
Letter from Roy Takai to Hideo Hoshide (ddr-densho-440-3)
doc Letter from Roy Takai to Hideo Hoshide (ddr-densho-440-3)
Roy Takai writes to Hideo Hoshide, forwarding him two photographs of his Uncle Komin who lived in Seattle prior to World War II.
Buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1507)
img Buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1507)
Aerial color photograph of buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook,"Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 140. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1509
Japanese school at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1520)
img Japanese school at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1520)
Color photograph depicting the Japanese school and bridge in the background and a boy playing near a stream in the foreground at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 144. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
First large list of staple drugs, the most money I ever spent in one day which of course means nothing to anyone, except myself (ddr-csujad-55-1378)
doc First large list of staple drugs, the most money I ever spent in one day which of course means nothing to anyone, except myself (ddr-csujad-55-1378)
Order form including list of staple drugs for use at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Form includes name of drugs, quantity, unit, price, and amount. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 49. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
1943 Christmas greetings (ddr-csujad-55-1463)
doc 1943 Christmas greetings (ddr-csujad-55-1463)
Program for a Christmas pageant at the Protestant Church at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 111. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1465
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