Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (215)
Department of Justice camps (394)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

394 items
Christmas Day program at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1456)
doc Christmas Day program at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1456)
Scrapbook page containing a program for a Christmas play presented by German internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 105. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1458
Mattress factory (ddr-csujad-55-1437)
img Mattress factory (ddr-csujad-55-1437)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting internees with mattresses they made at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 88. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1439
Boy Scouts (ddr-csujad-55-1459)
img Boy Scouts (ddr-csujad-55-1459)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of Boy Scouts at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 108. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1461
Passenger's evidence of air priority, ATC-PT-49, Mary Frances Clark (ddr-csujad-55-1493)
doc Passenger's evidence of air priority, ATC-PT-49, Mary Frances Clark (ddr-csujad-55-1493)
Scrapbook page containing a form for Clark's government air travel from New York to Texas. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 132. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1495
May Day (ddr-csujad-55-1475)
img May Day (ddr-csujad-55-1475)
Scrapbook page containing three black and white photographs of the German May Day celebration at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 118. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura to Kiyoko Noda, April 30, 1949 (ddr-csujad-10-3)
doc Letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura to Kiyoko Noda, April 30, 1949 (ddr-csujad-10-3)
A letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura, an internee in the Crystal City Internment Camp, Texas, to his grandmother, Kiyoko Noda, in Lima, Peru. He includes updates on day to day life in the Crystal City camp, including the event on the Emperor's birthday [April 29] and a play performed in the camp. He details the Boy Scouts …
Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Kikuko Noda, January 26, 1945 (ddr-csujad-10-2)
doc Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Kikuko Noda, January 26, 1945 (ddr-csujad-10-2)
A letter from Kiyoko Matsuura, an internee at the Crystal City Internment Camp, to her mother, Kikuko Noda in Lima, Peru. In the letter, she describes the celebration of the New Year [1945] at the internment camp and expresses her appreciation for the gifts sent by her mother. According to her letter, it appears that Kiyoko …
Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Mizuko Noda, September 5, 1944 (ddr-csujad-10-1)
doc Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Mizuko Noda, September 5, 1944 (ddr-csujad-10-1)
A letter from Kiyoko Matsuura, an internee in the Crystal City Internment Camp, to her sister in Lima Peru. In the letter, she includes updates on day to day life in the Crystal City camp and expresses her appreciation for the money sent by her father. Kiyoko states that she is anxiously waiting for a ship …
Santa Fe, New Mexico [internees] (ddr-csujad-56-323)
img Santa Fe, New Mexico [internees] (ddr-csujad-56-323)
Internees in work clothes in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Included is a typed list of names and hometowns: Kakigi (Sebastopol); Okamura, Sueichi (San Francisco); Matsumoto (Petaluma); Yokoyama, Rokuzaemon (Sebastopol); Sugioka (Petaluma); Yoshizawa, Seizo (Petaluma); Ito, Hichijiro (Sebastopol); Iba; Kimura (Santa Rosa); Kobuke (Sebastopol); Akutagawa, Kiyoshi (Sebastopol); Kai (Santa Rosa); Nagase (Santa Rosa); Udo, Tsunejiro (San Francisco). …
Camp No. 30 (ddr-csujad-56-312)
img Camp No. 30 (ddr-csujad-56-312)
Camp No. 30: Missoula, Montana, U.S.A. logo. The original image is housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and was borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL. This image belongs to a group of images related to the Akutagawa family. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1507)
img Buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1507)
Aerial color photograph of buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook,"Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 140. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1509
Japanese school at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1520)
img Japanese school at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1520)
Color photograph depicting the Japanese school and bridge in the background and a boy playing near a stream in the foreground at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 144. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
First large list of staple drugs, the most money I ever spent in one day which of course means nothing to anyone, except myself (ddr-csujad-55-1378)
doc First large list of staple drugs, the most money I ever spent in one day which of course means nothing to anyone, except myself (ddr-csujad-55-1378)
Order form including list of staple drugs for use at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Form includes name of drugs, quantity, unit, price, and amount. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 49. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
1943 Christmas greetings (ddr-csujad-55-1463)
doc 1943 Christmas greetings (ddr-csujad-55-1463)
Program for a Christmas pageant at the Protestant Church at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 111. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1465
Commentary about hardships of working at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1392)
doc Commentary about hardships of working at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1392)
Scrapbook page containing commentary by Clark regarding hardships at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. See sac_jaac_1395 through sac_jaac_1401 for hardships referred to by the author. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Educational Division (ddr-csujad-55-1411)
doc Educational Division (ddr-csujad-55-1411)
Scrapbook page with the header, "Educational Department." From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 71. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1413
Special, very special story (ddr-csujad-55-1480)
img Special, very special story (ddr-csujad-55-1480)
Scrapbook page containing black and white photographs and description of a German internee who constructed a liquor still inside his home. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 123. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1482
Recreational activities at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1479)
img Recreational activities at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1479)
Scrapbook page containing black and white photographs of Girl Scout activities, football and baseball fields, basketball court, and a German Christmas play at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 122. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Commencement exercises, Federal High School (ddr-csujad-55-1430)
doc Commencement exercises, Federal High School (ddr-csujad-55-1430)
Scrapbook page containing an invitation for the Federal High School commencement ceremony at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 82. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1432
Girls' Day Hinamatsuri (ddr-csujad-55-1467)
doc Girls' Day Hinamatsuri (ddr-csujad-55-1467)
Program for Girls' Day Hinamatsuri at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 113. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1469
First class of nurses aides (ddr-csujad-55-1381)
img First class of nurses aides (ddr-csujad-55-1381)
Scrapbook page containing four mounted black and white photographs of groups of female nurses aides in uniform at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Two photographs show scrapbook compiler, Mary F. Clark, one sitting at a desk and the other with a group of nurses aides. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, …
Administration staff of Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1330)
img Administration staff of Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1330)
Black and white photograph of the administration staff at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1332
Christmas in the American grammar school 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1428)
img Christmas in the American grammar school 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1428)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of groups of students and teachers during the Christmas season. Images taken at the American Grammar School at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 80. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this …
Victory Hut area and water tower at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1515)
img Victory Hut area and water tower at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1515)
Color photograph of the "Victory Huts" with the water tower in the background at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 142. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1517
Culinary Division (ddr-csujad-55-1452)
doc Culinary Division (ddr-csujad-55-1452)
Scrapbook page containing the first page of an essay on the history and activities of the Culinary Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. For full essay see sac_jaac_1455. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 102. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the …
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