Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (215)
Department of Justice camps (394)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

394 items
Aerial photograph of Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1512)
img Aerial photograph of Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1512)
Aerial color photograph of the buildings and horizon line at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 141. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1514
Commencement program (ddr-csujad-55-1422)
doc Commencement program (ddr-csujad-55-1422)
Invitation to the Federal High School and Eighth Grade graduation ceremony at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For scrapbook page with programs see sac_jaac_1421. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 76. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1511)
img Swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1511)
Color photograph of the swimming pool at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 141. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1513
Symphonie konzert (ddr-csujad-55-1472)
doc Symphonie konzert (ddr-csujad-55-1472)
Program for the Symphony Concert directed by Max Lasar at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 115. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1474
History of the Surveillance Division 1942-? (ddr-csujad-55-1445)
doc History of the Surveillance Division 1942-? (ddr-csujad-55-1445)
Narrative essay on the history of the Surveillance Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 96. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1447
Birthday party (ddr-csujad-55-1474)
img Birthday party (ddr-csujad-55-1474)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of a birthday party celebration at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 117. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1476
Official staff 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1501)
img Official staff 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1501)
Scrapbook page containing one black and white photograph of the staff at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 138. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1503
Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
doc Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
Mounted black and white photograph of a drawing of "Santa Maria Fort Missoula" and mounted Italian Catholic prayer card depicting Jesus. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 12. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1343
Letters from students who were given a tour of the hospital, November 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1383)
doc Letters from students who were given a tour of the hospital, November 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1383)
Scrapbook page accompanied by five handwritten "Thank You" letters to "Miss Clark" from Japanese primary school students after a tour of the hospital at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 54. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities …
Jr Sr colonial winter banquet (ddr-csujad-55-1417)
doc Jr Sr colonial winter banquet (ddr-csujad-55-1417)
Invitation for the Federal High School Junior-Senior "Colonial Winter" Banquet at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For scrapbook page with program, see sac_jaac_1418. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 75. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1419
Letter from Bernhard Buesken to Dr. S.F. Oliver, Surgeon General, Crystal City internment camp, March 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1399)
doc Letter from Bernhard Buesken to Dr. S.F. Oliver, Surgeon General, Crystal City internment camp, March 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1399)
Correspondence from Bernhard Buesken to Dr. S.F. Oliver regarding sanitary conditions including garbage collecting barrels, control of mosquitos, and general sanitation at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Story of Crystal-City-Internment-Camp, December 12, 1942 to October 24, 1947 (ddr-csujad-55-1352)
doc Story of Crystal-City-Internment-Camp, December 12, 1942 to October 24, 1947 (ddr-csujad-55-1352)
Scrapbook page containing a title for section, "Story of Crystal City Internment Camp, December 12, 1942 to October 24, 1947." From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 23. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1354
Memo from J.L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge, Crystal City Internment Camp, to the Personnel of all Divisions, Crystal City Internment Camp, December 3, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1498)
doc Memo from J.L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge, Crystal City Internment Camp, to the Personnel of all Divisions, Crystal City Internment Camp, December 3, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1498)
Memorandum of understanding from J.L. O'Rourke to "The Personnel from All Divisions" expressing his appreciation regarding the repatriation process at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 136. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Letter from three Japanese nurses, October 11, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1384)
doc Letter from three Japanese nurses, October 11, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1384)
Letter of resignation from three Japanese nurses at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 55. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1386
Fort Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1336)
img Fort Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1336)
Three mounted black and white photographs depicting internees boating on the Bitterroot River near Fort Missoula Department of Justice Internment Camp. Caption reads: Fort Missoula, Montana." Includes a brief description by Clark about the boating trips. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 7. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. …
Color photographs of Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1502)
img Color photographs of Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1502)
Scrapbook page containing four color photographs of the entrance, water tower, "Sumio," and German recreation hall at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 139. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1504
Administration building; Sections of
img Administration building; Sections of "the area" (ddr-csujad-55-1357)
Scrapbook page containing two mounted black and white aerial photographs of the administration buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 28. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1359
Buildings of the Maintenance Division (ddr-csujad-55-1443)
img Buildings of the Maintenance Division (ddr-csujad-55-1443)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of buildings and internees associated with the Maintenance Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 94. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Snow in Missoula, Montana in May and two Italian internees, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1345)
img Snow in Missoula, Montana in May and two Italian internees, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1345)
Two mounted black and white photographs depicting "May in Missoula, Montana" and two Italian internees. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 16. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1347
Correspondence form used by internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1489)
doc Correspondence form used by internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1489)
Foreign correspondence form used by internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 130. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1491
Envelopes for three letters from Italy to internees in Ft. Missoula, Montana, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1343)
doc Envelopes for three letters from Italy to internees in Ft. Missoula, Montana, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1343)
Three mounted envelopes for correspondence from internees, postmarked from Missoula, Montana to Italy showing censorship stamps and other postmarks. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 14. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1345
Photograph, programs, and invitation to children's recreation events at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1465)
img Photograph, programs, and invitation to children's recreation events at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1465)
Scrapbook page containing a photograph, invitation, and two programs for children's recreational events at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes programs for Japanese Girl Scouts and Hinamatsuri, a photograph of the Sumio wrestling ring, and an invitation to the Girl Scout event. For programs see sac_jaac_1468 and sac_jaac_1469. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, …
Visitation house (ddr-csujad-55-1484)
img Visitation house (ddr-csujad-55-1484)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of the interior of the visitation house at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 127. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Poem from German internee and program for Christmas party at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1385)
doc Poem from German internee and program for Christmas party at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1385)
Scrapbook page containing a poem written by a German internee and a program for a Christmas party at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 56. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1387
Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-38)
img Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-38)
Illustrated map of the Crystal City Internment Camp in Crystal City, Texas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00042
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