Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (231)
Department of Justice camps (411)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

411 items
Internees in front of the Japanese school at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1521)
img Internees in front of the Japanese school at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1521)
Color photograph depicting the Japanese school with bridge and a group of internees at right at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 144. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1523
Canteen tokens (ddr-csujad-55-1439)
doc Canteen tokens (ddr-csujad-55-1439)
Description of the canteen stores and canteen tokens at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 90. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1441
Memo from E.D. McAlexander, Acting Chief Liaison Officer, Crystal City incarceration camp, August 23, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1397)
doc Memo from E.D. McAlexander, Acting Chief Liaison Officer, Crystal City incarceration camp, August 23, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1397)
Memorandum of understanding from E.D. Alexander to S.F. Oliver regarding Wolfgang Schnellbach's status in the hospital at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1399
Sewing and wash tubs at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1371)
img Sewing and wash tubs at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1371)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting the laundry and mending facilities at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes a photograph of three Japanese women. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 42. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Labels from medicine sent from Japan to internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1410)
doc Labels from medicine sent from Japan to internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1410)
Three medication labels printed in Japanese and sent to internees at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp from Japan. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 70. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1412
Sample of ingenuity (ddr-csujad-55-1485)
img Sample of ingenuity (ddr-csujad-55-1485)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of the interior of a Victory Hut at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. The internee built a toilet and sink from salvaged and stolen materials. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 128. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See …
Japanese art and flower exhibit (ddr-csujad-55-1482)
img Japanese art and flower exhibit (ddr-csujad-55-1482)
Scrapbook page containing six black and white photographs of the Japanese art and flower exhibit at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 125. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Girls' Day Hinamatsuri at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1466)
doc Girls' Day Hinamatsuri at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1466)
Program for the Japanese Girl Scouts event at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For invitation see sac_jaac_1467. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 113. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1468
Various secretaries and the country to which they returned (ddr-csujad-55-1404)
img Various secretaries and the country to which they returned (ddr-csujad-55-1404)
Black and white portrait photographs of four secretaries listing which country or state they returned to after leaving the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 64. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Mary Frances Clark, Head Nurse at Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1331)
img Mary Frances Clark, Head Nurse at Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1331)
Sepia-toned photographic portrait of Mary Frances Clark, the head nurse at Crystal City Department of Justice internment camp. Photograph taken at Clark's nursing school graduation. See also Mary F. Clark scrapbooks, sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1379. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1333
Scrapbook closing statement (ddr-csujad-55-1525)
doc Scrapbook closing statement (ddr-csujad-55-1525)
Scrapbook page containing a closing statement and reflection on World War II Department of Justice Internment Camps. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 146. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1527
Original and second group of internees from South America at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1473)
img Original and second group of internees from South America at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1473)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting a social event with a group of quarantined internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 116. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Memo from Howard L. Adams, Acting Chief, Administrative Services Division, to Robert F. Martin, Medical Officer in Charge, November 16, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1486)
doc Memo from Howard L. Adams, Acting Chief, Administrative Services Division, to Robert F. Martin, Medical Officer in Charge, November 16, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1486)
Correspondence from Howard L. Adams to Robert F. Martin regarding procedures and medical documents required for repatriation of chronically ill internees at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 129. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Main street and hospital at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1359)
img Main street and hospital at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1359)
Scrapbook page containing two black and white aerial photographs depicting "main street," nurses, teachers, and bachelor's quarters, and the hospital at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 30. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Mattress factory (ddr-csujad-55-1437)
img Mattress factory (ddr-csujad-55-1437)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting internees with mattresses they made at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 88. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1439
Photograph, programs, and invitation to children's recreation events at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1465)
img Photograph, programs, and invitation to children's recreation events at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1465)
Scrapbook page containing a photograph, invitation, and two programs for children's recreational events at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes programs for Japanese Girl Scouts and Hinamatsuri, a photograph of the Sumio wrestling ring, and an invitation to the Girl Scout event. For programs see sac_jaac_1468 and sac_jaac_1469. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, …
Snow in Missoula, Montana in May and two Italian internees, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1345)
img Snow in Missoula, Montana in May and two Italian internees, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1345)
Two mounted black and white photographs depicting "May in Missoula, Montana" and two Italian internees. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 16. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1347
Correspondence form used by internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1489)
doc Correspondence form used by internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1489)
Foreign correspondence form used by internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 130. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1491
Envelopes for three letters from Italy to internees in Ft. Missoula, Montana, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1343)
doc Envelopes for three letters from Italy to internees in Ft. Missoula, Montana, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1343)
Three mounted envelopes for correspondence from internees, postmarked from Missoula, Montana to Italy showing censorship stamps and other postmarks. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 14. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1345
Christmas Day program at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1456)
doc Christmas Day program at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1456)
Scrapbook page containing a program for a Christmas play presented by German internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 105. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1458
Visitation house (ddr-csujad-55-1484)
img Visitation house (ddr-csujad-55-1484)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of the interior of the visitation house at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 127. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Poem from German internee and program for Christmas party at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1385)
doc Poem from German internee and program for Christmas party at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1385)
Scrapbook page containing a poem written by a German internee and a program for a Christmas party at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 56. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1387
Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-38)
img Crystal City Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-38)
Illustrated map of the Crystal City Internment Camp in Crystal City, Texas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00042
Boy Scouts (ddr-csujad-55-1459)
img Boy Scouts (ddr-csujad-55-1459)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of Boy Scouts at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 108. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1461
Passenger's evidence of air priority, ATC-PT-49, Mary Frances Clark (ddr-csujad-55-1493)
doc Passenger's evidence of air priority, ATC-PT-49, Mary Frances Clark (ddr-csujad-55-1493)
Scrapbook page containing a form for Clark's government air travel from New York to Texas. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 132. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1495
API