Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (231)
Department of Justice camps (411)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

411 items
Hospital grounds (ddr-csujad-55-1390)
img Hospital grounds (ddr-csujad-55-1390)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of the hospital building exterior and grounds at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 59. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1392
Translation of a report to Mr. H. Bruppacher of the Legation of Switzerland, July 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1398)
doc Translation of a report to Mr. H. Bruppacher of the Legation of Switzerland, July 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1398)
Report to Mr. H. Bruppacher of the Legation of Switzerland regarding the state of medical services and health care at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From Mary F. Clark scrapbook, \nBefore I Forget, 1942-1947,; page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Educational Division (ddr-csujad-55-1412)
doc Educational Division (ddr-csujad-55-1412)
Scrapbook page containing notes about the Educational Division and school system at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 72. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1414
Sumio at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1505)
img Sumio at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1505)
Color photograph of the "Sumio" at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 139. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1507
Jr Sr colonial winter banquet; Jr Sr colonial winter program (ddr-csujad-55-1416)
doc Jr Sr colonial winter banquet; Jr Sr colonial winter program (ddr-csujad-55-1416)
Scrapbook page containing an invitation and program for the Federal High School Junior-Senior Banquet at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For programs, see sac_jaac_1419 and sac_jaac_1420. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 75. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Clothing store (ddr-csujad-55-1433)
img Clothing store (ddr-csujad-55-1433)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white photograph and brief essay on the history of the clothing store at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 84. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Japanese internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1522)
img Japanese internees at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1522)
Color photograph depicting a group of Japanese internees standing near huts at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 145. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1524
Joseph L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge (ddr-csujad-55-1524)
img Joseph L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge (ddr-csujad-55-1524)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white photographic portrait of Joseph L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Also includes Clark's reflection on O'Rourke's leadership at the camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 146. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this …
Sky view: alien internment camp, Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1356)
doc Sky view: alien internment camp, Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1356)
Scrapbook page containing a black and white aerial photograph of the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 27. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1358
Birthday party (ddr-csujad-55-1474)
img Birthday party (ddr-csujad-55-1474)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs of a birthday party celebration at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 117. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1476
Official staff 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1501)
img Official staff 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1501)
Scrapbook page containing one black and white photograph of the staff at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 138. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1503
Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
doc Photograph of a drawing and a prayer card from an Italian internee, Ft. Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1341)
Mounted black and white photograph of a drawing of "Santa Maria Fort Missoula" and mounted Italian Catholic prayer card depicting Jesus. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947" page 12. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1343
Letters from students who were given a tour of the hospital, November 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1383)
doc Letters from students who were given a tour of the hospital, November 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1383)
Scrapbook page accompanied by five handwritten "Thank You" letters to "Miss Clark" from Japanese primary school students after a tour of the hospital at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 54. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities …
Jr Sr colonial winter banquet (ddr-csujad-55-1417)
doc Jr Sr colonial winter banquet (ddr-csujad-55-1417)
Invitation for the Federal High School Junior-Senior "Colonial Winter" Banquet at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For scrapbook page with program, see sac_jaac_1418. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 75. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1419
Letter from three Japanese nurses, October 11, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1384)
doc Letter from three Japanese nurses, October 11, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1384)
Letter of resignation from three Japanese nurses at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 55. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1386
Story of Crystal-City-Internment-Camp, December 12, 1942 to October 24, 1947 (ddr-csujad-55-1352)
doc Story of Crystal-City-Internment-Camp, December 12, 1942 to October 24, 1947 (ddr-csujad-55-1352)
Scrapbook page containing a title for section, "Story of Crystal City Internment Camp, December 12, 1942 to October 24, 1947." From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 23. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1354
Memo from J.L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge, Crystal City Internment Camp, to the Personnel of all Divisions, Crystal City Internment Camp, December 3, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1498)
doc Memo from J.L. O'Rourke, Officer in Charge, Crystal City Internment Camp, to the Personnel of all Divisions, Crystal City Internment Camp, December 3, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1498)
Memorandum of understanding from J.L. O'Rourke to "The Personnel from All Divisions" expressing his appreciation regarding the repatriation process at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 136. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Fort Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1336)
img Fort Missoula, Montana (ddr-csujad-55-1336)
Three mounted black and white photographs depicting internees boating on the Bitterroot River near Fort Missoula Department of Justice Internment Camp. Caption reads: Fort Missoula, Montana." Includes a brief description by Clark about the boating trips. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 7. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. …
Color photographs of Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1502)
img Color photographs of Crystal City, Texas (ddr-csujad-55-1502)
Scrapbook page containing four color photographs of the entrance, water tower, "Sumio," and German recreation hall at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 139. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1504
Administration building; Sections of
img Administration building; Sections of "the area" (ddr-csujad-55-1357)
Scrapbook page containing two mounted black and white aerial photographs of the administration buildings at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 28. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1359
Buildings of the Maintenance Division (ddr-csujad-55-1443)
img Buildings of the Maintenance Division (ddr-csujad-55-1443)
Scrapbook page containing five black and white photographs of buildings and internees associated with the Maintenance Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 94. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Bernhard Buesken to Dr. S.F. Oliver, Surgeon General, Crystal City internment camp, March 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1399)
doc Letter from Bernhard Buesken to Dr. S.F. Oliver, Surgeon General, Crystal City internment camp, March 2, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1399)
Correspondence from Bernhard Buesken to Dr. S.F. Oliver regarding sanitary conditions including garbage collecting barrels, control of mosquitos, and general sanitation at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 60. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Housing early in camp life (ddr-csujad-55-1365)
img Housing early in camp life (ddr-csujad-55-1365)
Scrapbook page containing two black and white photographs depicting barracks at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes Clark's brief description of the types of living quarters. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 36. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
History of the Internal Relations Division (ddr-csujad-55-1451)
doc History of the Internal Relations Division (ddr-csujad-55-1451)
Essay covering the history and activities of the Internal Relations Division at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Covers the behaviors of internees, the Internee Mail and Censorship Unit, camp security, peace disturbances, and interpersonal issues between internees. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 101. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. …
Gardens at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1368)
img Gardens at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp (ddr-csujad-55-1368)
Scrapbook page containing four black and white photographs depicting gardens at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Includes images of vegetable and flower gardens, a Japanese-style bridge, and three unidentified Japanese individuals. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 39. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California …
API