Mass removal ("evacuation")

On March 2, 1942, Public Proclamation No. 1 began to appear on telephone poles and buildings. This was the first official notice Japanese Americans had of their immediate removal from the West Coast. The notices stated that they had six or seven days to prepare, and were to take only what they could carry. They were not told where they would be taken. People rushed to sell or store, in one week, property and belongings acquired over a lifetime. Some families tucked their valuables away in their attic or basement and locked the door, hoping to return soon. On the appointed "evacuation" day, thousands of Japanese Americans gathered at designated locations, with the numbered identification tags they had been issued tied to their coats. Watched by curious onlookers, they were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers" in California, Washington, Oregon and Arizona.

World War II (215)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (240)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book)

240 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 23 (June 9, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 23 (June 9, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-23)
Selected article titles: "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 2" (p. 1), "Memorial Day Rites at Golden Gate Taped for Japan TV" (p. 3), and "Sacramento JACL Wins Nisei Olympics, Four Lightweight Division Records Broken" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 24 (December 15, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 24 (December 15, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-50)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: American Image of Japan" (p. 1), "Final Report of U.S. Civil Rights Commission Urges All Branches of Government to Exert More Effort and Leadership Against Bias" (p. 1), "American Legion Press Release Recalls Hysteria Against Nisei in Pearl Harbor Feature; Tells of Heroism and Loyalty During War" (p. 3), and "Lesson …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 22 (June 2, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 22 (June 2, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-22)
Selected article titles: "'Get Tough' Policy with Delinquents Urged by Irate Fathers, Statistics Still Show Rate Among L.A. Nisei-Sansei Climbing" (p. 1), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 1" (p. 1), and "Cleveland JACL Report: Not Melting Pot, But Salad Bowl" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 25 (December 22, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 25 (December 22, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-51)
Special holiday issue organized into sections A 1-24, B 1-16, and C 1-4. Selected article titles: "'Evacuation' JACL Statement and Command Decision" (pp. A-1, A-3-A-7), "Nisei Actors Come of Age" (p. A-8), "Chronology of War Relocation Authority Activities" (pp. A-22-A-23), and "JACL vs. Lechner" (pp. B-15-B-16). The holiday issue included advertisements bought by JACL members and …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 26 (June 29, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 26 (June 29, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-26)
Selected article titles: "Greeting Extended for 10th Anniversary of Enactment of Walter-McCarran Immigration and Nationality Act" (p.1), "Man Responsible for Evacuation of Japanese Dies" (p.1). "Anti-Nisei Scene from Canada Film Removed by JCCA" (p.1), "Legislative History of Walter-McCarran Act" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 6 (August 10, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 6 (August 10, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-32)
Selected article titles: "JACL Fears Bill to Tax-Exempt Claims May Be Pigeonholed" (p.1), "Jewish Press Raises Issue Against IRS on Taxing Evacuation Claim Awards" (p.1-2), "Nisei Week Festival Launches 22nd Edition; 10 Vie for Queenship" (p.1), "Chinese American Judge Hears Case Suing County Grand Jury System Bans Negroes" (p.3), "Memorial Service to Enshrine 3,000 Nisei War …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 68, No. 19 (May 9, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 68, No. 19 (May 9, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-19)
Select article titles: "Kleindienst's alleged remarks on detention camp dismays Inouye" (p. 1); "JACL letter to Inouye on Title II repeal placed into Congressional Record" (p. 1); "Teachers realize AJA community not all docile, of diverse views" (p. 1); "'Orientals in America' ethnic course initiated at UCLA; JACLer to appear as guest panelist next week" (p.2); …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 15 (April 21, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 15 (April 21, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-15)
Selected article titles: "Invitation to Foreign Minister Protested" (p.1), "Melting-Pot Theory Subtle Form of Bias, Methodist Bishops Told" (p.1), "'Computerized Buddhism' Ambitious Goal of N.Y. Institute on Religions" (p.3), "NBC Schoked by 55 Hate Calls in Ten Minutes" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 11 (March 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 11 (March 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-11)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: Our JACL Staffers" (p. 1), "Who Can Bowl in JACL Tournament" (pp. 1-2), "Washington Newsletter: What Can I Do About P.R.?" (p. 2), and "Rep. Chet Holifield: Calif. Congressmen Remembered for Opposing Japanese Evacuation in 1942" (p. 3).
The Evacuation of the Japanese During World War II (ddr-densho-390-141)
doc The Evacuation of the Japanese During World War II (ddr-densho-390-141)
An essay describing the evacuation of Japanese and Japanese Americans during World War II, including a list a recommended further readings.
Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
doc Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
Attachment page 1 and the reverse side completed by Yoneko Takano. The forms were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0148. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Bulletin, no. 2 (March 18, 1942): Instructions governing voluntary movement of Japanese from Los Angeles to Owens Valley (ddr-csujad-42-156)
doc Bulletin, no. 2 (March 18, 1942): Instructions governing voluntary movement of Japanese from Los Angeles to Owens Valley (ddr-csujad-42-156)
An issue of "Bulletin" titled: Instructions governing voluntary movement of Japanese from Los Angeles to Owens Valley. It informs of details regarding the forced evacuation scheduled on March 23, 1942, including baggage to be taken, meals to be served, and travels by rail and motor convey. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_001
Memory of evacuation (ddr-csujad-48-20)
doc Memory of evacuation (ddr-csujad-48-20)
Assignment by Henry Haruda for period VIII World Geography and History class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Henry recounts needing to leave his dog Scrappy behind when his family left Los Angeles. He tells a story of Scrappy stealing bacon from the grocery store and getting into the neighbor's …
American refugees (ddr-csujad-48-47)
doc American refugees (ddr-csujad-48-47)
American refugees, June 1942. Appeal opposing the Japanese American mass removal from the U.S. west coast. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0047
Tabulation of news clippings, March 15 to April 30, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-343)
doc Tabulation of news clippings, March 15 to April 30, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-343)
List of news articles related to the Japanese American incarceration published between March 15 and April 30, 1945. List includes description of the article, number of clippings, and newspapers. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0345
Sumi Seki , 63, of Long Beach, has become an activist concerning the World War II internment and human rights (ddr-csujad-52-40)
img Sumi Seki , 63, of Long Beach, has become an activist concerning the World War II internment and human rights (ddr-csujad-52-40)
A woman, wearing a white shirt and floral print skirt, poses in front of pottery and furniture. Two quotes attached to image read, "Sumi Seki, interred in Jerome Ark. during WWII as a 'precaution' Actually a racist move by our government" and "These days Sumi Seki, 63, of Long Beach, has become an activist concerning the …
Large group people gathered in an open area near buildings (ddr-csujad-52-6)
img Large group people gathered in an open area near buildings (ddr-csujad-52-6)
A large group of people gathered in an open area surrounded by single-story buildings. The dirt on the ground appears wet, and most of the people in the photograph are wearing jackets and hats. The individuals closest to the camera appear to be walking. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Japanese-Canadians on a train to an incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-52-11)
img Japanese-Canadians on a train to an incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-52-11)
A few men look out the windows of a train while a group of men look up towards the train windows. The caption above the photo reads, "Internment Bound--Japanese-Canadians get in a final farewell as a train, bound for an internment camp, leaves Vancouver in 1942. No Canadian of Japanese descent was ever shown to be …
From camp to college (ddr-csujad-55-365)
doc From camp to college (ddr-csujad-55-365)
Pamphlet on the formation and activities of the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, military regulations for students, colleges accepting Nisei, financial aid, and closure of the camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0367
Nation approves army order releasing Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-55-2519)
doc Nation approves army order releasing Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-55-2519)
Clipping of the article "Nation approves army order releasing Japanese Americans" from a magazine, "Now." Also includes four essays on the Bill of Rights written by incarcerated Japanese American children. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2625
Relocation of persons of Japanese ancestry in the United States: some causes and effects (ddr-csujad-55-338)
doc Relocation of persons of Japanese ancestry in the United States: some causes and effects (ddr-csujad-55-338)
Article describing the political and sociological implications of the Japanese incarceration during World War II written from the perspective of an anthropologist. Reprinted from Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0340
Notes on forced removal and expenses (ddr-csujad-55-2408)
doc Notes on forced removal and expenses (ddr-csujad-55-2408)
Notes about the Nakamura family's forced removal from Marysville, California and the expenses incurred as part of the removal. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2514
Displaced Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-55-335)
doc Displaced Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-55-335)
The text of this pamphlet originally appeared in Fortune magazine, April, 1944, under the title of 'Issei, Nisei, and Kibei.' See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0337
Letter from Sachiko Okada to Pvt. George H. Nakamura, August 15, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2452)
doc Letter from Sachiko Okada to Pvt. George H. Nakamura, August 15, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2452)
Correspondence from Sachiko Okada to George Hideo Nakamura regarding general updates on family and friends and feelings about the end of World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2558
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