Mass removal ("evacuation")

On March 2, 1942, Public Proclamation No. 1 began to appear on telephone poles and buildings. This was the first official notice Japanese Americans had of their immediate removal from the West Coast. The notices stated that they had six or seven days to prepare, and were to take only what they could carry. They were not told where they would be taken. People rushed to sell or store, in one week, property and belongings acquired over a lifetime. Some families tucked their valuables away in their attic or basement and locked the door, hoping to return soon. On the appointed "evacuation" day, thousands of Japanese Americans gathered at designated locations, with the numbered identification tags they had been issued tied to their coats. Watched by curious onlookers, they were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers" in California, Washington, Oregon and Arizona.

World War II (215)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (240)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book)

240 items
Meeting Minutes from the Special National Board Meeting of the Japanese American Citizens League on March 8, 1942 (ddr-densho-356-768)
doc Meeting Minutes from the Special National Board Meeting of the Japanese American Citizens League on March 8, 1942 (ddr-densho-356-768)
Meeting minutes from the JACL Special Nation Board Meeting. Topics include bids for national membership, future organization and activities, Appointment of national committee chairmen, nomination of officers, Washington representative, Special report on evacuation, and discussion on general evacuation principles.
Meeting Minutes from Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies meeting on February 20, 1942 (ddr-densho-356-767)
doc Meeting Minutes from Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies meeting on February 20, 1942 (ddr-densho-356-767)
Meeting Minutes from Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies meeting on February 20, 1942. Topics covered in the meeting include: reading correspondence regarding Japanese Americans, summery of recent board meeting, planned community outreach regarding public sentiment towards Japanese Americans, and planning financial assistance for Japanese Americans.
Letter to Yoshito Shibata (ddr-densho-356-212)
doc Letter to Yoshito Shibata (ddr-densho-356-212)
Two drafts of a letter to Yoshito Shibata from presumably Yuriko Domoto Tsukada in which she asks to talk in person about a photo she received from him.
Four letters to Yuri Domoto from Tomi Domoto (ddr-densho-356-289)
doc Four letters to Yuri Domoto from Tomi Domoto (ddr-densho-356-289)
Four letters stored in one envelope to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from her cousin Tomi Domoto. Appears the letters were mailed separately and later stored together in one envelope. 6/8 letter: discusses events leading up to forced removal, inquires about how family are settling into the camp and how hers is and mutual friends. 8/8 letter: discusses …
Letter from Harold S. Fistere to Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-147)
doc Letter from Harold S. Fistere to Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-147)
Harold S. Fistere writes to Takami Hibiya to inform him that the War Relocation Authority has some articles of contraband belonging to him. The letter gives instructions on how to retrieve the articles and what will happen if the articles are not claimed.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No.5 (January 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No.5 (January 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-5)
Select article titles: "Youth program fundamental aim in JACL's next decade" (p.1); "Housing Bias in Southland Told to Commission" (p. 3); "Oakland JACL in surprise testimonial to charter member Fred Nomura, who was indignant at thought of being evacuated" (p.5); "JACL urges Senate committee to approve federal registrars for voting; support recommendation of civil rights body" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 3 (July 21, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 3 (July 21, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-29)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Comments on Evacuation Series" (p. 1), "Akiji Yoshimura's Job as Liaison Chairman for 'Issei Story' Described" (p. 1), "Federal Gov't. Moves to End Housing Bias in Nation's Capital" (p. 1), and "Nevada's New Commission of Equal Rights of Citizens Starts Study of Racial Problems; Negroes Feel Mild Law in Right Direction" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 26 (June 30, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 26 (June 30, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-26)
Selected article titles: "$300,000 Grant for History Asked, Outlook Encouraging" (p. 1), "Prime Minister Ikeda Cements Japanese-American Friendship in Washington Visit" (pp. 1-2), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 5" (p. 1), and "Japanese Wives of Akron GIs Meet at International Institute, All Anxious to Learn More English and Become Americanized" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 25 (June 23, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 25 (June 23, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-25)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Supreme Court Rules on Six Cases of Interest to Nisei" (p. 1), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 4" (p. 1), "Nisei Rasslers Making Big Hit in Japan, Great Togo and Toshi Togo Attracting Fans" (p. 2), and "Nebraska Anti-Miscegenation Law Bothers Omaha JACL, Seek Repeal" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 1 (July 7, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 1 (July 7, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-27)
Selected article titles: "TV Station Apologizes for Anti-Nisei Film" (p. 1), "Senate Passes Bill to Allow Issei Widow to Remain in U.S., Was to Be Deported" (p. 1), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 6" (p. 1), and "Nisei Americans Show Interest in Visit of Prime Minister Ikeda to Washington; Japan Recognized as Hope in Far East" (p. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 2 (July 14, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 2 (July 14, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-28)
Selected article titles: "Proposed Regulations on Nondiscriminatory Policy in Federal Civil Service Reviewed by Special JACL Committee" (p. 1), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 7" (p. 1), "Umekichi Takahashi of Reno Believed to Be First Permanent Issei Resident in America" (p. 3), and "Webster, Tex., Cradle of Rice Farms, Put on Map Because of Success of Issei" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Walter Announces Policy Study on Immigration" (p.1, 4), "'Popularity' of Honolulu's Japanese Community Leadership Regarded as Grim Political Factor in Inouye's Senate Race" (p.1, 3), "History Project Support Hits Minimum Goal, Now $109,000" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 25 (December 21, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 25 (December 21, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-51)
Selected article titles: "What Prevented Disaster from Becoming a Catastrophe? Evacuation and Resettlement of Japanese Americans Reviewed" (p.A1-2), "Nisei GI and Resettlement" (p.A1, 3), "First Returnees Set Economic Rebirth Pattern" (p.A3), "Fear of Negro-Japanese Conflict Premature" (p.A3), "Japanese American Migration Patterns Following War Relocation" (p.B1-2), "Civil Rights" (p.B3-4), "'60-'70 Planning Commission Cites Advance in Youth" (p.B5), …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 9 (March 1, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 9 (March 1, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-9)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Senator Inouye vs. Cloture" (pp. 1-2), "Fruitful Interim Board Meeting Ends" (pp. 1, 4), "Why I Am Not a JACLer" (p. 2), and "By the Board: Sansei Embarrassed by Evacuation" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 15 (April 9, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 15 (April 9, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-15)
Selected article titles: "Brown Supports Braoder Voter Rights Measures" (p.1), Evacuation Would Be Invalid under Present Court: Kido" (p.1), "U.S. Growers Must Compete for Domestic Workers, Says Wirtz" (p.1), "History Project: Boom and Bust of Berry Growers" (p.1-2), "What's Wrong with Anti-Poverty Program-House Task Force to Seek Answers" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 20 (November 11, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 20 (November 11, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-45)
Select article titles: "SJR 20 wins in close race" (p. 1); "Coordinator of House tribute to Nisei veterans to be guest at MIS reunion" (p. 1); "Retired Chief Justice Gibson labels Evacuation as black page in history" (p. 2); "New Yorker article on Evacuation cited" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 4 (July 22, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 4 (July 22, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-29)
Select article titles: "Better Housing Law Sought by Cal Republican" (p. 1); "U.S. Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark regreat Evacuation" (p. 1); "The Civil Rights 'Duration'" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
Select article titles: "Why leadership of Japanese community at time of Evacuation fell upon JACL" (p. A1); "Order of Evacuation Brings on One of America's Greatest Swindles" (p. A3); "The Closing of Manzanar" (p. B1); "Worthy Partners for Building Peace" (p. Supplement 1); "Immigration, Evacuation Claims, Civil Rights" (p. B17). The holiday issue included advertisements bought …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 14 (April 14, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 14 (April 14, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-14)
Selected article titles: "Archives to Rid Wartime Data on Evacuation" (p.1), "'Phase 2' in L.A.-area Drug Offensive to Be Initiated with JACL Assistance" (p.1), "Japanese Welfare Rights Group Responds to JCC Letter to JACL" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-50)
Holiday issue organized into sections A 1-12, B 1-12, C 1-12, D 1-12, and E 1-6. Selected article titles: "Samurai of the Wine Country" (pp. A-1, C-1, C-5, C-8, C-10-D-1), "The Forgotten Nisei" (pp. A-1, A-3-A-5, A-8), "Tokie Was Naturalized 'Twice'" (pp. A-10, B-4), "Anti-Nisei Discrimination in the Mormon State" (pp. B-10-B-11), and "WW2 Gov't Cover …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 23 (June 13, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 23 (June 13, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-23)
Selected article titles: "From JACL Nat'l Headquarters Communication: Bills Noted on Illegal Aliens" (p. 1), "Voting Rights Act Extended by House 5-1: Asian Language Ballots Likely in Honolulu and San Francisco" (p. 1), "Nat'l Board Finds No Sufficient Cause in Probe of Leadership" (pp. 1-2), and "Guest Column: Evacuation: A Candid View" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 1 (January 3-10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 1 (January 3-10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-1)
Selected article titles: "'Save Whale' Boycott Ad Too Racist for Ecology Unit" (p. 1), "Perspectivist (Internee) History of Manzanar Via Oral Tapes Being Written" (p. 1), "Racism Within Us?" (p. 2), and "Lippmann & Evacuation" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 12 (March 28, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 12 (March 28, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-12)
Selected article titles: "Warren Panicked on Evacuation, Says Esquire Story" (p. 1), "Pacific Southwest District Council: No More Impeachment Worries" (pp. 1-2), and "National Dialogue: National Advocacy" (pp. 1-2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 24 (June 16, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 24 (June 16, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-24)
Selected article titles: "JACL Objects to Proposed Rules of Equal Employment" (p. 1), "Fair Housing Bill Dies in California Senate Committee" (p. 1), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 3" (p. 1), and "New York JACL Report: 'Open Letter' to Prospective and Current Members" (p. 2).
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