Mass removal ("evacuation")

On March 2, 1942, Public Proclamation No. 1 began to appear on telephone poles and buildings. This was the first official notice Japanese Americans had of their immediate removal from the West Coast. The notices stated that they had six or seven days to prepare, and were to take only what they could carry. They were not told where they would be taken. People rushed to sell or store, in one week, property and belongings acquired over a lifetime. Some families tucked their valuables away in their attic or basement and locked the door, hoping to return soon. On the appointed "evacuation" day, thousands of Japanese Americans gathered at designated locations, with the numbered identification tags they had been issued tied to their coats. Watched by curious onlookers, they were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers" in California, Washington, Oregon and Arizona.

World War II (215)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (240)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book)

240 items
Evacuation notes from Clifton E. Snelson, Director Mess & Lodging Division (ddr-csujad-55-120)
doc Evacuation notes from Clifton E. Snelson, Director Mess & Lodging Division (ddr-csujad-55-120)
Procedures for incarcerees regarding disposition of apartment items prior to forced removal. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0122
Story of the Nittas (ddr-csujad-55-342)
doc Story of the Nittas (ddr-csujad-55-342)
Pamphlet on the story of the Nitta family during World War II. Covers the Nitta's "evacuation", incarceration at Poston, and "resettlement." From verso, "Reprinted from NOW, through co-operation with the Congregational Committee on Christian Democracy from original manuscript supplied by the Reports Division of the War Relocation Authority, Los Angeles, July, 1945." See this object in …
War-time experiences (ddr-csujad-55-2385)
doc War-time experiences (ddr-csujad-55-2385)
Narrative essay describing Hatsuye Nakamura's experience as an individual of Japanese ancestry living in California during the events of World War II. Nakamura describes the evacuation orders and their impact on the community, her experience at Tule Lake and Granada incarceration camps, relocation to Chicago, and eventual return to Marysville, California. See also the narrative essay …
Democracy and Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-55-344)
doc Democracy and Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-55-344)
Pamphlet describing "evacuation", incarceration, court cases including Wakayama, Korematsu, Yasui, Hirabayashi, and Kanai, and the civil liberties issues surrounding the treatment of individuals of Japanese descent during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0346
Issei, Nisei, Kibei (ddr-csujad-55-340)
doc Issei, Nisei, Kibei (ddr-csujad-55-340)
Pamphlet covering evacuation, incarceration, loyalty of the Japanese American population, plans for "resettlement", a program to prevent further discrimination, and details on the Hirabayashi case. Includes photographs. Reprinted as "Outcasts! The Story of America's Treatment of Her Japanese-American Minority." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0342
Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1919)
doc Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1919)
Sociology essay written by Toshie Sato for a class assignment at Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers the author's home town environment, impacts of evacuation on the community, and other social issues. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1922
H.R. 442--questions and answers (ddr-csujad-55-89)
doc H.R. 442--questions and answers (ddr-csujad-55-89)
Question and answer sheet covering information about H.R.422 including eligibility, "voluntary evacuees," vesting rights, administration and distribution of funds, procedures, notification, and federal and state laws. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00093
Identification tag, WCCA-Form S-4, Masatoshi Abe (ddr-csujad-55-25)
doc Identification tag, WCCA-Form S-4, Masatoshi Abe (ddr-csujad-55-25)
Baggage tag for Masatoshi Abe. WCCA-Form S-4. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00028
Sunday before (ddr-csujad-55-1278)
doc Sunday before (ddr-csujad-55-1278)
Collection of sermons given by pastors of Japanese ancestry prior to "evacuation." Includes "Foreword", "Preface", "Introduction", "Facing Evacuation", "The Tie That Binds", "Reweaving Our Lives", "The Babylonian Exile and the Love of God", "Abraham, the Migration Leader", "New Pilgrims", and "We Shall Have Our Easter." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Fumio Fred Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_002
Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
doc Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
An official apology letter signed by President George H. W. Bush which accompanied the redress payment check. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_013
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing the spouse of a deceased Japanese American who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and instructs to submit …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that the recipient's eligibility for a redress payment has been finalized and a check will be sent to the recipient …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient who is a spouse of a deceased eligible for the redress payment. The recipient is presumably Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
doc Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to verify Mariko Morllie Hirashima's incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_003
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing an identified person who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war and is potentially eligible for the compensation. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
A letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice to the correspondent, presumably Yoneko Takano, who requests the information on restitution payments. Also includes a letter issued by National Archives and Records Administration to verify the detention of Fumio Fred Takano in the incarceration camp during the war. The …
Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
doc Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano in response to her request for verification of her incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_004
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient (ddr-csujad-42-153)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient (ddr-csujad-42-153)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that their review of the documents has been completed and determined that the requester is eligible for a redress payment …
Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
doc Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
Attachment pages 1-3, "Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration," completed by Yoneko Takano. The documents were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0150. See this …
Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
doc Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
A copy of a letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration. It requests verification of Yoneko's incarceration and release dates. It appears that Yoneko fills out the template letter (csudh_tak_0143), adding her address at the time …
Letter to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration (ddr-csujad-42-143)
doc Letter to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration (ddr-csujad-42-143)
A draft of a letter addressing National Archives and Records Service to request verification of the dates of incarceration and release. It appears to be a letter template in which a requester can fill out her/his information. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_001
Japanese American Citizens League Northern California District Council special meeting minutes, March 10, 1942 (ddr-csujad-46-25)
doc Japanese American Citizens League Northern California District Council special meeting minutes, March 10, 1942 (ddr-csujad-46-25)
Japanese American Citizens League, northern California district council, special meeting minutes discussing budgets, dues, assessments, treasury announcements, and forced evacuation information. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0025
Letter from Tsuneo Iwata to members, March 29, 1942 (ddr-csujad-46-17)
doc Letter from Tsuneo Iwata to members, March 29, 1942 (ddr-csujad-46-17)
Letter from Tsuneo Iwata, president of the Turlock Social Club to Turlock Social Club members in regards to mass removal preparation, Turlock Social Club meetings, and the status of the Social Hall. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0017
Turlock Social Club meeting minutes, April 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-46-24)
doc Turlock Social Club meeting minutes, April 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-46-24)
Turlock Social Club meeting minutes in regards to the mass removal including the discussion of the status of the Turlock Social Club Hall, the J.A.C.L division, writing "letters of appreciation," dues, and general announcements. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0024
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