Higher education

The Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) put great emphasis on education as a means of succeeding in the U.S. While many Nisei (second-generation Japanese Americans) obtained college degrees, they found professions closed to them. It was not uncommon for educated nisei to be forced to settle for menial jobs in the ethnic community. Frequently, Japanese Americans could find jobs commensurate with their education only by becoming independent professionals such as doctors and dentists providing services to the Japanese community. The World War II incarceration interrupted thousands of students' university educations.

Education (258)
Higher education (625)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Yamato Ichihashi, Yuji Ichioka, Harry Kitano, T. Scott Miyakawa, S. Frank Miyamoto, National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, Tamotsu Shibutani, Tamie Tsuchiyama, Toshio Yatsushiro

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625 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 6 (February 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 6 (February 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-6)
Selected article titles: "Bush Silent on Redress Money" (p. 1), "Education Conference: More APAs Needed in Higher Education" (pp. 1-2), "Japanese American Celebration at UCLA" (pp. 2, 5), and "From the Frying Pan: Errors of Ignorance Hurt Nonetheless" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 12 (March 31, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 12 (March 31, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-12)
Selected article titles: "Next Redress Payment Hearing Before House Appropriations" (p. 1), "SFSU Rejects Nakajo's Grievance" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Letters Relevant to Redress Progress Exchanged" (p. 3), and "Theater Review: EW Players' 'Webster Street Blues' Captures Sansei Life" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 21 (June 2, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 21 (June 2, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-21)
Selected article titles: "House Strips $250 Million Set for Redress from Emergency Bill" (p. 1), "Three-Year Battle Won: UCLA Grants Don Nakanishi Tenure" (pp. 1-2), "Entire Hawaii State House Legislators Urge Pres. Bush for Full Redress Payment" (p. 2), "JACL Resolution on Civil and Human Rights in Japan Seen Filled with Misunderstanding" (p. 5), and "Assembly …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 11 (October 12, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 11 (October 12, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-36)
Select article titles: "First Redress Checks, Apology Presented to Nine at WDC Event"(p.1); "First U.S. Charge of Anti-Asian Bias in Higher Education Admissions Made"(p.1); "Sen. D'Amato's Remarks on Japan's Action in Persian Gulf Crisis Rapped"(p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 8 (March 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 8 (March 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-8)
Select article titles: "JACL Offers to Assist Potential Redress Recipients in Paperwork"(p.1); "College Admission Policies Scrutinized"(p.1); "History of JA Women on Display at Oakland Museum"(p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 13 (April 3, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 13 (April 3, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-13)
Selected article titles: "AP Students Discuss Issues in Education" (pp. 1, 8), "Asian Candidate Building a Coalition in 'Black District'" (pp. 1, 3), "Takeru Higuchi: Chemist Who Invented Time Release Pill Dies" (p. 3), and "USC Opens Clinic Geared for Older JAs" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
Selected article titles: "'More Perfect Union': Smithsonian Gets Hate Mail on JA Exhibit" (pp. 1, 3), "Walerga Park: WW2 Assembly Center Site Memorialized with Plaque" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Personnel Manual: Framework for Discussion" (pp. 4-5), and "Backlash on the Campuses" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 11 (March 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 11 (March 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-11)
Selected article titles: "Senate Sponsors of Redress Bill Surpass Halfway Mark" (p. 1), "Asian Admissions Task Force Meets with UC President" (pp. 1, 3), "Finding the Funding" (pp. 4-5, 8), and "Funds Raised for LEC: New York Nikkei Commemorate Internment with Jazz" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 15 (April 17, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 15 (April 17, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-15)
Selected article titles: "Matsunaga Introduces Bill with 70 Senators' Support" (pp. 1-2), "Changes Needed in University Policies, Calif. Assembly Told" (pp. 1, 7-8), "AAPAA Ceremony: Morita Awarded for Film, Television Roles" (pp. 1, 3), and "From February 19, 1942" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 10 (March 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 10 (March 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-10)
Selected article titles: "Asian Admissions: UC Berkeley Report Fails to Silence Critics" (pp. 1, 3-4), "Arguments Heard in Appeal of 1985 Hirabayashi Ruling" (p. 1), "Getting Nikkei Singles Together--Nationally" (p. 5), and "Conference to Promote Sansei Leadership" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 25 (December 17, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 25 (December 17, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-50)
Selected article titles: "Bakke vs. Regents, Univ. of Calif." (p. 1), "Fingerprint Experts Called in Wendy Case" (pp. 1, 3), "A Last Look at 'Pacific Overtures'" (pp. 1, 4), and "Minority of One: The Bakke Decision" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 24 (December 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 24 (December 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-49)
Selected article titles: "Bakke vs. Regents, Univ. of Calif." (p. 1), "Wendy's Trial Underway" (pp. 1, 4), and "Pardon for Iva 'Shows Strength of Our System'" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 17 (May 6, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 17 (May 6, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-17)
Selected article titles: "70 Co-Sponsor Mineta Bill for Retirement Credit" (p.1, 5), "Tuition Bill at Critical Stage" *p.1), "Guayule Rubber Developed by Evacuees" (p.2, 7), "Noguchi's 'Skygate'" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 4 (July 22, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 4 (July 22, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-28)
Selected article titles: "Kodak Regrets 'Remember Pearl Harbor' Proposal" (p.1-2), George Roth: A Man Japanese Americans Forgot to Thank" (p.1, 3), "100th Infantry Vets Mark 35th Reunion" (p.3), "Public Opinion of the Nikkei in America" (p.4, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
Selected article titles: "Bakke Argument Takes Two Hours, Asian American Question Raised" (p.1), "Amy Doi Suing JACL for $62,000" (p.1), "Internment Credit Bill Advances" (p.1), "Senate Committee Favors Hawaii Reparations Bill" (p.2), "Civil Rights Commission Backs Affirmative Action" (p.2), "JACL Principles in Practice" (p.4), "Road Out of the Tule Lake" (p.5), "Japanese American Curriculum Project: Fulfilling …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 16 (October 14, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 16 (October 14, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-40)
Selected article titles: "Bakke Case Questions Right of Asians as 'Minority'" (p.1), "Pocatello in Pilgrimage to Minidoka" (p.1), "Ohio Governor Issues Public Apology" (p.1), "JACL Forum Explores Impact of Bakke Case" (p.2-3), "'Honor Thy Mother'" (p.5), "Sculptor Noguchi Speaking at UCLA to Initiate Art Council Lectures" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
Selected article titles: "Civic Betterment at J-town Expense Hit" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decision on Evacuation Calls Manzanar 'Concentration Camp'" (p.1), "ILGWU's Patriotism?" (p.1, 3), "Serological Tests Upset Belief Ainu Caucasoid, Type Resembles Ryukyuan" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 8 (March 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 8 (March 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-8)
Selected article titles: "Patsy Tells Seattle Nisei Why She's Running for U.S. President" (p.1, 6), "University Becoming a Modern Dinosaur" (p.3), "Canada's Version of Evacuation" (p.3), "Backlash Seen in Editorials Evoked by 'Exec. Order 9066' Book-Photo Display" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 19, (May 18, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 19, (May 18, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-19)
Select article titles: "'Ambidextrous Irishman' Dr. Shig Hashimoto" (p.1); "Asian Caucus Vow Continued Support of Aims Symbolized by Wounded Knee" (p.1); "Japan as a Sansei Sees It" (p.2); "Social Work Professor Prepares Paper on 'Koreans in U.S.' for Hew Seminar" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 16, (April 27, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 16, (April 27, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-16)
Select article titles: "Manzanar Pilgrimage: State Historical Plaque Mounted" (p.1); "JARP Archives Placed in UCLA Special Library" (p.1); "Asian Gerontology Project: Video Tape Series, Anthology on Aging Issei Problems Proposed" (p.1); "State Agency Funds Eastbay Issei Centers" (p.3); "NEA Asian-American Task Force Put Down by S.F. Area Teachers" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
Select article titles: "New York Nikkei Groups Form Housing Corp" (p.1); "WRA Records to Be Retained in Nat'l Archives" (p.1); "Evacuee Teacher Bill Passes First Step in Sac'to" (p.1); "Bannai Bandwagon Rolls" (p.2); "U.S. Civil Rights Commission to Hear Problems of Calif. Asian American" (p.3); "Nisei Farmers League Defending Right of Farm Workers and Protecting Farms" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 15, (April 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 15, (April 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-15)
Select article titles: "Bannai Files for State Assembly Special Election Set for May 29" (p.1); "CL-ER Advocates Use of 'JPN' in Library Work" (p.1); "First Woman Installed Head of YMCA Board in San Francisco" (p.1); "Over 500 California Nikkei Awarded Calif. State Scholarship; 44,000 Apply" (p.3); "Curriculum Group Approves Adoption of Japanese Studies in S.F. Schools" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 06, (February 16, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 06, (February 16, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-6)
Select article titles: "Chapters Approve JACL Bldg. Project" (p.1); "Japan-U.S. Friendship Act Bill To Boost Educational Exchange" (p.1); "Fresno to Host First Tri-District JACL Meet" (p.1); "'Tokyo Rose' Case Pursued as Thesis" (p.1); "More Asians in College than Ratio in State" (p.3); "'Lone Heart Mountain' Estelle's Epilogue" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 18 (October 31, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 18 (October 31, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-43)
Selected article titles: "President Ford Signs Japan-U.S. Friendship Act, Set Up Trust" (p. 1), "Special Admissions Policy: Law School vs. Asians" (pp. 1-2), "Minority One: Emperor's Clothes" (p. 2), and "Chiaroscuro: Something Amiss at EDC-MDC" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 3-10, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 3-10, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-28)
Select article titles: "House Panel Votes to Widen Door to Immigration"(p.1); "UC Berkeley Honors Japanese Consul General Yanai for Cultural Encouragement and Exchanges"(p.1); "Fujimori's Inaugural Message"(p.5).
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