Higher education

The Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) put great emphasis on education as a means of succeeding in the U.S. While many Nisei (second-generation Japanese Americans) obtained college degrees, they found professions closed to them. It was not uncommon for educated nisei to be forced to settle for menial jobs in the ethnic community. Frequently, Japanese Americans could find jobs commensurate with their education only by becoming independent professionals such as doctors and dentists providing services to the Japanese community. The World War II incarceration interrupted thousands of students' university educations.

Education (209)
Higher education (280)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Yamato Ichihashi, Yuji Ichioka, Harry Kitano, T. Scott Miyakawa, S. Frank Miyamoto, National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, Tamotsu Shibutani, Tamie Tsuchiyama, Toshio Yatsushiro

280 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 10 (September 4, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 10 (September 4, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-35)
Selected article titles: "Berkeley police push hunt for Sansei killer" (p. 1), "No literacy test for Issei voters in California now" (p. 1), "Asian actors picket show" (p. 1), "Coroner's jury rules in death of Miss Okubo" (p. 1), "Social service agency executives hear Asian community leaders air problems" (p. 1), "Ethnic studies program initiated at ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 13 (April 3, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 13 (April 3, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-13)
Selected article titles: "Friends to establish Masaoka trust fund" (p. 1), "Earl Warren speaks out on Title II" (p. 1), "History of the Japanese in Utah placed in archives of state society" (p. 1), "Reno Nisei candidate in recall petition of three councilmen" (p. 1), "School integration resolution offered" (p. 1), "Court rules on literacy test ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 2, (July 10, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 2, (July 10, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-27)
Selected article titles: "JACL Convention Delegates' Special Edition" (p. 1), "Greater emphasis on education urged in 9-point JACL program" (p. 1), "Nisei veterans at Reunion told own war record is 'hallmark of patriotism'" (p. 1), "Japanese Class at Dorsey High O.K. but status of teacher unsettled" (p. 3), "Little Tokyo redevelopment project approved by U.S. govt." ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 4 (January 30, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 4 (January 30, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-4)
Selected article titles: "Emerging role for CL in '70s tagged; "New security bill due House vote" (p. 1), "Nat'l JACL aids ethnic curriculum" (p. 1), "Minorities help make U.S. great" (p. 2), "Sparky to keynote Title II repeal fund-raiser at PSWDC quarterly" (p. 3), "Radical rightists confront JACLer at state Board of Education hearing" (p. 3), ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 12 (September 18, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 12 (September 18, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-37)
Selected article titles: "Asian workers charge racial slur in hiring" (p. 1), "Charge job bias at Fisherman's Wharf" (p. 1), "Third World solidarity still a myth, Furutani tells reporter at Atlanta" (p. 1), "Buddhist chanting ruled 'disturbing'" (p. 1), "Title II repeal hearings end" (p. 1), "Oriental picket surprise officials at Shell Oil office" (p. 1), ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
Selected article titles: "Civic Betterment at J-town Expense Hit" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decision on Evacuation Calls Manzanar 'Concentration Camp'" (p.1), "ILGWU's Patriotism?" (p.1, 3), "Serological Tests Upset Belief Ainu Caucasoid, Type Resembles Ryukyuan" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 15, (April 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 15, (April 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-15)
Select article titles: "Bannai Files for State Assembly Special Election Set for May 29" (p.1); "CL-ER Advocates Use of 'JPN' in Library Work" (p.1); "First Woman Installed Head of YMCA Board in San Francisco" (p.1); "Over 500 California Nikkei Awarded Calif. State Scholarship; 44,000 Apply" (p.3); "Curriculum Group Approves Adoption of Japanese Studies in S.F. Schools" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 06, (February 16, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 06, (February 16, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-6)
Select article titles: "Chapters Approve JACL Bldg. Project" (p.1); "Japan-U.S. Friendship Act Bill To Boost Educational Exchange" (p.1); "Fresno to Host First Tri-District JACL Meet" (p.1); "'Tokyo Rose' Case Pursued as Thesis" (p.1); "More Asians in College than Ratio in State" (p.3); "'Lone Heart Mountain' Estelle's Epilogue" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 16, (April 27, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 16, (April 27, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-16)
Select article titles: "Manzanar Pilgrimage: State Historical Plaque Mounted" (p.1); "JARP Archives Placed in UCLA Special Library" (p.1); "Asian Gerontology Project: Video Tape Series, Anthology on Aging Issei Problems Proposed" (p.1); "State Agency Funds Eastbay Issei Centers" (p.3); "NEA Asian-American Task Force Put Down by S.F. Area Teachers" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
Select article titles: "New York Nikkei Groups Form Housing Corp" (p.1); "WRA Records to Be Retained in Nat'l Archives" (p.1); "Evacuee Teacher Bill Passes First Step in Sac'to" (p.1); "Bannai Bandwagon Rolls" (p.2); "U.S. Civil Rights Commission to Hear Problems of Calif. Asian American" (p.3); "Nisei Farmers League Defending Right of Farm Workers and Protecting Farms" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 19, (May 18, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 19, (May 18, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-19)
Select article titles: "'Ambidextrous Irishman' Dr. Shig Hashimoto" (p.1); "Asian Caucus Vow Continued Support of Aims Symbolized by Wounded Knee" (p.1); "Japan as a Sansei Sees It" (p.2); "Social Work Professor Prepares Paper on 'Koreans in U.S.' for Hew Seminar" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 18 (October 31, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 18 (October 31, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-43)
Selected article titles: "President Ford Signs Japan-U.S. Friendship Act, Set Up Trust" (p. 1), "Special Admissions Policy: Law School vs. Asians" (pp. 1-2), "Minority One: Emperor's Clothes" (p. 2), and "Chiaroscuro: Something Amiss at EDC-MDC" (p. 3).
Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 39 (February 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-13)
doc Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 39 (February 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-13)
Selected article titles: "Southland Bussei in Conference" (p.1), "'Perfect Japanese Interpretation' Brought to 'Butterfly:' 'Love Cure' Is Promising Beginning" (p.2), "Gakusei Kai in Heavy Need of Funds for Improvement" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 18 (May 3, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 18 (May 3, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-18)
Select article titles: "Congressional hearings end on use of temporary Japanese farm labor" (p. 1); "Congressmen to support JACL Nat'l TV protest" (p. 1); "Active Chicagoan Mike Hagiwara dies unexpectedly" (p. 1); "Denver TV stations promis no showing of anti-Nisei films" (p. 1); "Parents of grade school pupils urged to protest use of 'Firelight Reader'" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 5 (February 6, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 5 (February 6, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-5)
Selected article titles: "Seats limited for Matsunaga talk" (p. 1), "'Project Reading' to be emphasized, ethnic studies also planned in Fowler" (p. 1), "School supplies and craft material needed for shipment to U.S. Indians" (p. 1), "Industrial security act passes 274-65" (p. 1), "JACL pursues justice on Dr. Noguchi case" (p. 1), "Parents held responsible for ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 3 (July 17, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 3 (July 17, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-28)
Selected article titles: "High convention cost scrutinized" (p. 1), "Joe Grant Masaoka dead" (p. Reparations bill sought by NC-WNDC for all Japanese American evacuees" (p. 1), "'Orientals' added to education code" (p. 1), "JACL ethnic heritage committee proposed in Ishimaru report" (p. 4), "Check police behavior, not suspect's" (p. 5), "Need for Asian American Studies" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 7 (August 14, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 71, No. 7 (August 14, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-32)
Selected article titles: "Welcome Nisei Week" (p. 1), "San Francisco Japanese center shortens name" (p. 1), "100th Infantry's Col. Kim assigned as U.S. Army Hawaii information officer" (p. 1), "NY Chinatown lad slain in gang war" (p. 1), "Asian American Studies Central to be established for L.A. colleges" (p. 1), "Physician recalls wartime ordeal as youth, ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 3 (January 23, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 3 (January 23, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-3)
Selected article titles: "Monterey Park Orientals may challenge school desegregation" (p. 1), "Nat'l JACL Youth Services Staff Reorganized" (p. 1), "Pasadena City Fathers Skirt Action on Title II Resolution" (p. 1), "Need for community center in San Francisco J-town under study" (p. 1), "Church, civil liberties groups support JACL campaign to rid detention law" (p. 1), ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 8 (March 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 8 (March 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-8)
Selected article titles: "Patsy Tells Seattle Nisei Why She's Running for U.S. President" (p.1, 6), "University Becoming a Modern Dinosaur" (p.3), "Canada's Version of Evacuation" (p.3), "Backlash Seen in Editorials Evoked by 'Exec. Order 9066' Book-Photo Display" (p.6).
Kiyo Maruyama Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1003-1-17)
vh Kiyo Maruyama Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1003-1-17)
Enrolling at Berkeley and staying in a Japanese American dorm

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

Shosuke Sasaki Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-2-4)
vh Shosuke Sasaki Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-2-4)
Attending the University of Washington prewar, deciding to major in banking and finance

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically ...

George Azumano Interview Segment 9 (ddr-one-7-32-9)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 9 (ddr-one-7-32-9)
Attending college

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart ...
Richard Kosaki Interview Segment 34 (ddr-janm-13-1-34)
vh Richard Kosaki Interview Segment 34 (ddr-janm-13-1-34)
Advocating for the community college system in Hawaii, working to change the attitudes of vocational schools

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect ...

Richard Kosaki Interview Segment 32 (ddr-janm-13-1-32)
vh Richard Kosaki Interview Segment 32 (ddr-janm-13-1-32)
Continued involvement in the upper administration of the University of Hawaii; planning for the establishment of the community college system

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and ...

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