Higher education

The Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) put great emphasis on education as a means of succeeding in the U.S. While many Nisei (second-generation Japanese Americans) obtained college degrees, they found professions closed to them. It was not uncommon for educated nisei to be forced to settle for menial jobs in the ethnic community. Frequently, Japanese Americans could find jobs commensurate with their education only by becoming independent professionals such as doctors and dentists providing services to the Japanese community. The World War II incarceration interrupted thousands of students' university educations.

Education (258)
Higher education (625)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Yamato Ichihashi, Yuji Ichioka, Harry Kitano, T. Scott Miyakawa, S. Frank Miyamoto, National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, Tamotsu Shibutani, Tamie Tsuchiyama, Toshio Yatsushiro

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625 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 5 (February 9, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 5 (February 9, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-5)
Select article titles: "Civil Rights Act of 1990 to Undo Court Decisions"(p.1); "Nakagawa to Seek 2nd Term as JACL Pres."(p.1); "Comprehensive Look at Asian Americans in Higher Education in California Sought"(p.1); " 'Hishoki': Japanese-African American Theme: Playwright Houston to Adopt Story for Film"(p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 22 (June 8, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 22 (June 8, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-22)
Select article titles: "JACL Raises Asian Admissions Issue at Confirmation Hearing of Dept. of Education Nominee"(p.1);"Three die, One Hurt in Oregon Mishap After Minidoka Dedication"(p.1); "JACL Convention to Honor Director of Leadership Conference on Civil Rights"(p.3); "Is JACL Participation in U.S.-Japan relations Controversial?"(p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 14 (November 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 14 (November 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-39)
Select article titles: "Redress Fully Funded; Immigration, Vietnamese Fishing Bills Are Passed"(p.1);"Redress Eligibility Process for Nisei Veterans Simplified"(p.1);"UC Berkeley's 'Diversity Project': No Single Ethnic, Racial Group on Campus Comprises a Majority"(p.1); "Asian-Majority Assembly District in Los Angeles Seen as Possibility"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 112, No. 13 [April 5, 1991] (ddr-pc-63-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 112, No. 13 [April 5, 1991] (ddr-pc-63-13)
Select article titles: "Discrimination opposed in college admissions" (p. 1), "Nikkei to sue college for termination" (p. 1), "Bill asks for study of minority business policy" (p. 1), "Japan still has investment eyes on U.S." (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 16 (November 5-11,1993) (ddr-pc-65-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 16 (November 5-11,1993) (ddr-pc-65-41)
Select article titles: "Yamashita appears on '60 Minutes' show" (p. 1); "Art Miki loses Ottawa election" (p. 1); "OCA calls for follow-up on crimes against Asian Americans" (p. 1); "Top of the class: JACL announces 1993-94 scholarship winners" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
Selected article titles: "JACL National President Meets with Clinton" (pp. 1, 15), "JACL Message: Keep Affirmative Action in California Education" (pp. 1, 6, 15), "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 10-14), and "GIs Return 'Home' to Camp Shelby" (p. 15).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 9 (May 5-18, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 9 (May 5-18, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-9)
Selected article titles: "Militia Man Accuses Japan in Oklahoma City Bombing" (pp. 1, 7), "With 'Eye on Future,' Members Discuss New, Old JACL Issues" (pp. 1, 3, 7, 12), "Move to Include Asian American Studies Hits More Campuses" (p. 4), and "Sidebar: A-Bomb Revisited" (pp. 9, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 3 (August 4-17, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 3 (August 4-17, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-15)
Selected article titles: "Taking Sides in the Hot Debate on Affirmative Action" (pp. 1, 13), "Members, Board Must Reinvigorate JACL, Yasuhara Says" (p. 6), "Viewpoint: The Other Side of Affirmative Action" (p. 11), and "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 15-18).
Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
doc Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
Essay observing education levels, types of students, and establishment of education programs at Tule Lake for English speaking students. Includes descriptions of programs for various age groups including nursery, primary, secondary, adult education, college and the Student Relocation Council. Report compiled as a portion of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object …
Chapter 12, 13, 14 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-39)
doc Chapter 12, 13, 14 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-39)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including graduation, the future, finishing high school rather than quitting to find work outside, types of work available, and course planning. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of a class assignment and …
Letter from Otis D. Richardson, Chair of English Department, Los Angeles City College, March 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-56)
doc Letter from Otis D. Richardson, Chair of English Department, Los Angeles City College, March 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-56)
Letter from Otis Richardson highlighting the need to educating the Nisei about conforming to cultural norms. He discusses the unwillingness of Nisei and Kibei to educate themselves about the current issue regarding mass evacuation and the need for Americanization of all Japanese. He concludes the letter with "A Social Plan for Minority Groups." Richardson provides a …
Student Relocation (ddr-csujad-19-72)
doc Student Relocation (ddr-csujad-19-72)
This article by Robert W. O'Brien discusses about the relocation of thousands of students in colleges throughout the United States to resume their studies, "a year after the mass evacuation of the West Coast Japanese American people into inland camps." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_02-23_02
A celebration of life... (ddr-csujad-24-127)
doc A celebration of life... (ddr-csujad-24-127)
This is a pamphlet from a memorial service for Michi Weglyn at California State Polytechnic University Pomona. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_09_012
Ukichi Taenaka, Waseda University (ddr-csujad-25-277)
img Ukichi Taenaka, Waseda University (ddr-csujad-25-277)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page are eight photographs of Ukichi Taenaka and his classmates of Waseda University taken during the trip to Mount Mihara Desert, Izu Oshima, Japan. Caucasian participants are included. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_09_02_006
Nisei, UC Berkeley (ddr-csujad-25-313)
img Nisei, UC Berkeley (ddr-csujad-25-313)
A page from a photo album including Japanese family photographs. Pasted on the page are photographs taken on the University of California, Berkeley campus. Include Japanese American male and female students. The photographs are probably taken in the early 1900s. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_10_01_022
Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-23)
img Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-23)
A page from an album containing Japanese family photographs. Three photographs are pasted on the page. The photographs appear to be taken in Washington in the early 1900s. Include a portrait of Japanese men in suits, Japanese woman in kimono with two children, and a group photograph of a family among which is a Japanese man …
Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-33)
img Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-33)
A page from an album containing Japanese family photographs. Three photographs are pasted on the page. Those photographs appear to be taken in Washington in the early 1900s. Include a portrait of a Japanese man in academic dress and photographs of infants dressed for a Japanese traditional ceremony for newborns. See this object in the California …
Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-39)
img Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-39)
A page from an album containing Japanese family photographs. Includes Japanese male children, men, and women. Two photographs capture a Japanese man wearing academic dress. One photograph captures three Japanese children in kimono. The photographs appear to be taken in Washington in the early 1900s. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Nisei, UC Berkeley (ddr-csujad-25-315)
img Nisei, UC Berkeley (ddr-csujad-25-315)
A page from a photo album including Japanese family photographs. Pasted on the page are photographs of Japanese American students at the University of California, Berkeley. The inscription on one of the photographs reads, "To Alice, from Malian Komuro." The photographs are probably taken in the early 1900s. See this object in the California State Universities …
Waseda University Hoshien Scott Hall] (ddr-csujad-25-254)
img Waseda University Hoshien Scott Hall] (ddr-csujad-25-254)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page is a group photograph of Japanese students. It appears to be a commencement of Waseda University taken in front of Waseda University Hoshien Scott Hall, Tokyo, Japan between 1938 and 1940. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Hirata family (ddr-csujad-25-56)
img Hirata family (ddr-csujad-25-56)
A page from an album containing Japanese family photographs. Includes Kazuhito Hirata's photographs. One of the photographs captures him wearing a graduation gown, taken to commemorate his graduation from University of Washington. Also includes a Japanese woman in kimono and a family photograph, including a Japanese man, women, and children. The photographs appear to be taken …
Nisei, UC Berkeley (ddr-csujad-25-314)
img Nisei, UC Berkeley (ddr-csujad-25-314)
A page from a photo album including Japanese family photographs. Pasted on the page are photographs of Japanese American students at the University of California, Berkeley. The photographs are probably taken in the early 1900s. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_10_01_023
Ukichi Taenaka, Japan (ddr-csujad-25-275)
img Ukichi Taenaka, Japan (ddr-csujad-25-275)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page are seven photographs of Ukichi Taenaka taken around 1938 in Japan. Also includes: Kamie, Yaeko, Toshikuni and Chiyoko. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_09_02_004
Nisei, UC Berkley (ddr-csujad-25-316)
img Nisei, UC Berkley (ddr-csujad-25-316)
A page from a photo album including Japanese family photographs. Pasted on the page are photographs of Japanese American students at the University of California, Berkeley. The photographs are probably taken in the early 1900s. Also included is a postcard of "Gajoen" in Tokyo, Japan. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-58)
img Japanese family (ddr-csujad-25-58)
A page from an album containing Japanese family photographs. Four photographs are pasted on the page. The photographs appear to be taken in Washington in the early 1900s. Include Japanese men in academic dress and a man in suits. Also include a photograph of a Japanese family, capturing a man in suits holding an infant, a …
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