Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (66)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (152)
Exclusion orders (100)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

100 items
Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
doc Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
Fundraising letter requesting contributions for taking Gordon Hirabayashi's case to the Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco. At the time of writing, Hirabayashi was imprisoned in King County, Washington. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_01
Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
doc Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
Report to people who have contributed financial support for the Gordon Hirabayashi case on the hearing before the Supreme Court. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_02
Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
doc Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
Prior to mass removal, exclusion areas were described in civilian exclusion orders posted by Lieutenant General John DeWitt of the Western Defense Command. Civilian Exclusion Area No. 79 included a portion of South King County, Washington. Maps detailing the prohibited area were also posted.
doc "Evacuation" instructions (ddr-densho-25-49)
Instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry preparing for mass removal.
Nisei helping to post exclusion orders (ddr-densho-34-46)
img Nisei helping to post exclusion orders (ddr-densho-34-46)
Some of the Nisei men on Bainbridge Island helped the soldiers hand out and post the exclusion notice that gave instructions for the exclusion of the Japanese American community on Bainbridge Island. Bainbridge Island, Washington was one of the first areas to be evacuated due to its proximity to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyards.
Soldiers posting exclusion orders (ddr-densho-36-28)
img Soldiers posting exclusion orders (ddr-densho-36-28)
Original museum cataloging information: Special instructions. Army's edict. Soldier nailing up placards containing Civilian Exclusion Order No. 1 and special instructions to all Japanese residents of Bainbridge Island, telling them exactly how they are to comply with evacuation decree. Based on information from the museum, it appears the exclusion orders were posted on or near March ...
Three men looking at a mass removal map (ddr-densho-36-48)
img Three men looking at a mass removal map (ddr-densho-36-48)
Japanese Americans looking at a map of the mass removal districts. The map was posted at the Japanese American Citizens League office. Original Seattle Post-Intelligencer caption: "Marching orders; Japanese residents of Seattle studying a map in the office of the Japanese-American Citizen's League showing the areas from which all members of their race will be evacuated ...
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