Join us in celebrating Densho's 25th anniversary by attending our free virtual gala on October 23rd and by considering a tribute gift. Learn more at www.densho.org/25gala

Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (215)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (621)
Exclusion orders (111)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

111 items
Instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry, C.E. Order 92 (ddr-csujad-55-1938)
doc Instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry, C.E. Order 92 (ddr-csujad-55-1938)
Exclusion orders and evacuation instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry residing in Sacramento and Amador counties. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1941
Civilian exclusion order no. 43 (ddr-csujad-55-860)
doc Civilian exclusion order no. 43 (ddr-csujad-55-860)
Exclusion orders and evacuation instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry residing in the Los Angeles area. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0862
Redress! The American promise (ddr-csujad-55-105)
doc Redress! The American promise (ddr-csujad-55-105)
Account of the Japanese American experience from the evacuation order of World War II to redress and reparations. Includes photographs. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0107
Form letter from Heart Mountain requesting that letters be written to government officials regarding relocating to the west coast (ddr-csujad-55-968)
doc Form letter from Heart Mountain requesting that letters be written to government officials regarding relocating to the west coast (ddr-csujad-55-968)
Form letter requesting that letters be written to government officials regarding rescindment of Exclusion Orders and advocating for permission for Japanese Americans to return to the west coast. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0970
Instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry (ddr-csujad-55-2389)
doc Instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry (ddr-csujad-55-2389)
Newspaper clipping with a reprint of the exclusion orders and evacuation instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry residing in Alameda County, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2495
Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
doc Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
Report to people who have contributed financial support for the Gordon Hirabayashi case on the hearing before the Supreme Court. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_02
Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
doc Letter to Dear Friend from the Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee, January 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-3)
Fundraising letter requesting contributions for taking Gordon Hirabayashi's case to the Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco. At the time of writing, Hirabayashi was imprisoned in King County, Washington. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_01
Letter encouraging activism in response to the exclusion order (ddr-csujad-45-92)
doc Letter encouraging activism in response to the exclusion order (ddr-csujad-45-92)
A letter asking the reader to write letters to government officials, Henry L. Stimson, Charles M. Bonesteel, and Dillon S. Myer to protest the continued incarceration of Japanese Americans. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-06_002
Instructions to all Japanese living on Bainbridge Island (ddr-csujad-55-2498)
doc Instructions to all Japanese living on Bainbridge Island (ddr-csujad-55-2498)
Exclusion orders and evacuation instructions for individuals of Japanese ancestry residing on Bainbridge Island. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2604
doc "Evacuation" instructions (ddr-densho-25-49)
Instructions for persons of Japanese ancestry preparing for mass removal.
Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
doc Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
Prior to mass removal, exclusion areas were described in civilian exclusion orders posted by Lieutenant General John DeWitt of the Western Defense Command. Civilian Exclusion Area No. 79 included a portion of South King County, Washington. Maps detailing the prohibited area were also posted.
Nisei helping to post exclusion orders (ddr-densho-34-46)
img Nisei helping to post exclusion orders (ddr-densho-34-46)
Some of the Nisei men on Bainbridge Island helped the soldiers hand out and post the exclusion notice that gave instructions for the exclusion of the Japanese American community on Bainbridge Island. Bainbridge Island, Washington was one of the first areas to be evacuated due to its proximity to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyards.
Soldiers posting exclusion orders (ddr-densho-36-28)
img Soldiers posting exclusion orders (ddr-densho-36-28)
Original museum cataloging information: Special instructions. Army's edict. Soldier nailing up placards containing Civilian Exclusion Order No. 1 and special instructions to all Japanese residents of Bainbridge Island, telling them exactly how they are to comply with evacuation decree. Based on information from the museum, it appears the exclusion orders were posted on or near March …
Three men looking at a mass removal map (ddr-densho-36-48)
img Three men looking at a mass removal map (ddr-densho-36-48)
Japanese Americans looking at a map of the mass removal districts. The map was posted at the Japanese American Citizens League office. Original Seattle Post-Intelligencer caption: "Marching orders; Japanese residents of Seattle studying a map in the office of the Japanese-American Citizen's League showing the areas from which all members of their race will be evacuated …
API