Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Redress and reparations (933)
Receiving redress checks and apology (135)

135 items
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Katsuho (left) and Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
img Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Norio Wakamatsu and his mother, Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-17)
img Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-17)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. The check-presentation ceremony, honoring five Issei who were 100 years old or more, took place at the Nisei Veterans Hall in Seattle, Washington.
Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
img Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to an Issei man. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Ishimitsu (left) and Mr. Nakagawa.
Issei woman with her redress check (ddr-densho-26-41)
img Issei woman with her redress check (ddr-densho-26-41)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here is Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei man waiting to receive his redress check (ddr-densho-26-35)
img Issei man waiting to receive his redress check (ddr-densho-26-35)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here is Mr. Nakagawa.
Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
img Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
img Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing an identified person who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war and is potentially eligible for the compensation. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and …
Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
doc Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano in response to her request for verification of her incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_004
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
A letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice to the correspondent, presumably Yoneko Takano, who requests the information on restitution payments. Also includes a letter issued by National Archives and Records Administration to verify the detention of Fumio Fred Takano in the incarceration camp during the war. The …
Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
doc Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
Attachment pages 1-3, "Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration," completed by Yoneko Takano. The documents were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0150. See this …
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Fumio Fred Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_002
Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
doc Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
An official apology letter signed by President George H. W. Bush which accompanied the redress payment check. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_013
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing the spouse of a deceased Japanese American who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and instructs to submit …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that the recipient's eligibility for a redress payment has been finalized and a check will be sent to the recipient …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient who is a spouse of a deceased eligible for the redress payment. The recipient is presumably Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
doc Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to verify Mariko Morllie Hirashima's incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_003
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_001
Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
doc Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
A copy of a letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration. It requests verification of Yoneko's incarceration and release dates. It appears that Yoneko fills out the template letter (csudh_tak_0143), adding her address at the time …
Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
doc Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
Attachment page 1 and the reverse side completed by Yoneko Takano. The forms were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0148. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient, June 29, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2045)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient, June 29, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2045)
Correspondence from Robert K. Bratt to Dear Recipient regarding confirmation of eligibility for redress payments and payment schedule. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2148
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient or Guardian, March 30, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2042)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient or Guardian, March 30, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2042)
Correspondence from Robert K. Bratt to Dear Recipient or Guardian regarding a checklist of required documents for recipients of restitution payments. Includes supporting documentation submitted by George Nakamura. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2145
Letter from George Bush, President of the United States, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-128)
doc Letter from George Bush, President of the United States, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-128)
Form letter from George Bush sent to incarcerees that received a restitution payment. Includes a copy of restitution check sent to Joanne Iritani. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0130
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