Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Redress and reparations (933)
Receiving redress checks and apology (135)

135 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 11 (October 12, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 11 (October 12, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-36)
Select article titles: "First Redress Checks, Apology Presented to Nine at WDC Event"(p.1); "First U.S. Charge of Anti-Asian Bias in Higher Education Admissions Made"(p.1); "Sen. D'Amato's Remarks on Japan's Action in Persian Gulf Crisis Rapped"(p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 13 (October 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 13 (October 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-38)
Select article titles: "Five Elderly in Hawaii Handed Redress Checks"(p.1); "Years Late, U.S. Apology Is Still Sweet"(p.1); "Census Bureau to Review Asian Undercount"(p.1); "Japan Apologizes for Minister Kajiyama's Anti-Black Remarks"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 10 (October 5, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 10 (October 5, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-35)
Select article titles: "Redress Payments to Begin Oct. 9"(p.1); "10th Anniversary of National Effort for Redress-Reparation to Be Observed"(p.2); "Redress Payment Caution Issued for Public Assistance Eligibility in California"(p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 4 (August 17-24, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 4 (August 17-24, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-29)
Select article titles: "Redress Payments Now Ready for Oldest WWII Internees"(p.1); "Students Protest Firing of Maehara of Cal Poly Student Outreach"(p.1); "NCCJ Conference on Asian Americans Assail Racial Stereotyping in So. Calif."(p.2); "Smithsonian's Exhibit on 'Japanese Americans and U.S. Constitution' Accomplishing Its Mission"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 5 (August 31, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 5 (August 31, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-30)
Select article titles: "No. Cal-Western Nevada-Pacific JACL Director Retires After 15 Years"(p.1); "JACL HQ Rebuts Uyeda's 'Accusations'"(p.1); "What's Wrong With Being a Bridge to Japan? Nisei Have a Vested Interest in Its Well-Being"(p.5); "Two Years Ago on Aug. 10, President Reagan Sets Government Motion for Apology and Redress"(p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 8 (September 21, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 8 (September 21, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-33)
Select article titles: "Matsui Criticizes Census Bureau for Method on Counting"(p.1); "Fujimori's Request for Japan's Help Seen in 120 Trucks"(p.1); "Nikkei Doctors, Nurses of Internment Camp Days to Be Remembered at L.A. Gala"(p.2); "ORA Case Flow for the First 30,000: What's in Your File and Where It Goes"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 7 (September 14, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 7 (September 14, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-32)
Select article titles: "Asian American Enlists into Mort Walker's GI Joe Comics"(p.1); "Little Tokyo Veterans Memorial Dispute at Compromise Stage"(p.1); "L.A. County Hate Crimes Hit Record Levels for 1990"(p.1); "Six 'George Matsudas' Apply for Redress; How the ORA Is Able to Distinguish Them Apart" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 6 (September 7, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 6 (September 7, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-31)
Select article titles: "Dan Rather's Quip on WWII Internment Hit"(p.1); "Calif. Assembly Soundly Defeats ACR 181 to Rewrite History of Internment in State Textbooks"(p.1);"A Great Program at the Outset in the 1970s, But Interest Waning Now for JACL Chapters"(p.2);"President Fujimori's Inaugural Day"(p.6);"When You Call 800-395-4672 for Redress Help, Here're the People in the Office Who Respond"(p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 19 (December 7-14, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 19 (December 7-14, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-44)
Select article titles: "Over 750 Donate $500,000 to JACL Legacy Fund"(p.1);"Nisei Community Thanked for Its Sacrifices to Make Redress Possible"(p.1); "Redress Checks a Reminder of Painful Memories"(p.5); "JACL and Communication Cited as Key to J.A. Well-Being"(p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 12 (October 8-14,1993) (ddr-pc-65-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 117, No. 12 (October 8-14,1993) (ddr-pc-65-37)
Select article titles: "Sacramento Chapter office fire bombed" (p. 1); "Randy Senzaki named JACL national director" (p. 1); "Checks in the mail...ORA to send 4,000 redress payments" (p. 1); "An assault on Pacific Citizen" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 3 (February 3-16, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 3 (February 3-16, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-3)
Selected article titles: "ORA Schedules Redress Payments" (p. 1), "JACL Supports Northern California Earthquake Relief Fund" (p. 1), "Revisiting the Heart Mountain Experience" (p. 5), and "Organizations Aid Kobe Victims" (p. 5).
Redress letter (ddr-densho-391-67)
doc Redress letter (ddr-densho-391-67)
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Redress Administration notifying that a redress check will be issued in October 1990 and what to do if it does not arrive by October 22, 1990.
Redress letter (ddr-densho-391-66)
doc Redress letter (ddr-densho-391-66)
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Redress Administration providing confirmation that the recipient's identity has been confirmed and a redress check will be issued. Attached is a blank change of address form.
Letter from Robert K. Bratt about information requests to the National Archives (ddr-densho-381-51)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt about information requests to the National Archives (ddr-densho-381-51)
Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, writes to a correspondent who has requested information from the National Archives about evacuation and incarceration during World War II. He advises the correspondent that they do not need to request information directly from the National Archives because the Department of Justice is creating the Office of Reparations Administration to locate …
Office of Redress Administration letter about document review (ddr-densho-381-49)
doc Office of Redress Administration letter about document review (ddr-densho-381-49)
A letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, about identity confirmation and redress payments with an enclosed form.
Congress apologizes on behalf of the nation (ddr-densho-381-48)
doc Congress apologizes on behalf of the nation (ddr-densho-381-48)
Information on the Civil Liberties Act and eligibility for redress payments.
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-115)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-115)
Caption on reverse: "Asst. Atty. Gen'l. James Turner presents 20,000 redress check & apology to Mr. Frank Yatsu, age 104."
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-113)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-113)
Caption on reverse: "ORA presentation of first redress checks to 5 centenarians - NVC Hall - Oct. 1990."
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-114)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-114)
Caption on reverse: "ORA presentation of first redress checks. Nakagawa, Ishimitsu, Wakamatsu, Katsuo."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
Select article titles: "East L.A. athletes dominate at 6th annual Relays; five records broken, one tied" (p. 1); "President Signs $2-Million Bill For Evacuees" (p. 1); "Monthly social security benefits payable to Issei visiting or residing in Japan" (p. 1); "Whereabouts sought by Justice Dep't of 72 missing claimants" (p. 1); "'Miracle man' astounding Japanese and …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 26 (June 28, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 26 (June 28, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-26)
Select article titles: "Administration Civil Rights Bill On Senate Calendar; Fight Looms" (p. 1); "Congress Sends Claims Pay Bill To White House" (p. 1); "Supreme Court asks for new arguments in expatriation case" (p. 1); "Gakuen dissolved, set up scholarship" (p. 1); "Protest Use Of Vested Funds For School Purposes" (p. 2); "Nisei judge warns against …
Office of Redress Administration letter about redress payment (ddr-densho-381-50)
doc Office of Redress Administration letter about redress payment (ddr-densho-381-50)
A letter confirming that the recipient will be receiving a redress payment with additional information about taxation and benefits.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-10-11)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-10-11)
Four Issei, all at least 100 years of age, waiting to receive their redress checks at the Nisei Veterans Hall in Seattle, Washington. Left to right: Mr. Katsuo, Ms. Wakamatsu, Mr. Ishimitsu, and Mr. Nakagawa. The fifth Issei recipient, Mr. Frank Yatsu, is not pictured. The man standing behind Ms. Wakamatsu is unidentified. The Civil Liberties …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
Select article titles: "House group recommends temp'y farm labor plan be continued: 'No ill effects' on domestic labor market recorded" (p. 1); "JACL Campaign Against Anti-Nisei Films on TV Circularized by NARBT" (p. 1); "Small Claims Court Hears Civil Right Cases" (p. 1); "$86,550 damage suit filed in traffic death of Sakamoto" (p. 1); "Mr. Moto, …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 12 (September 20, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 12 (September 20, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-38)
Select article titles: "Pasadenan thanks JACL for assisit in fighting racial bias" (p. 1); "State Dep't Begins Issuance of Visas Under New Immigration Law" (p. 1); "JACL Attends 12th Nat'l Confab on Citizenship at Nation's Capital" (p. 8); "Case studies of 1952 immigration law show up family hardship, to be in book" (p. 8).
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