Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Redress and reparations (933)
Receiving redress checks and apology (135)

135 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-29)
Select article titles: "Almost 20,000 Mainland Issei Naturalized Within Past Decade" (p. 1); "Senate Takes Up Civil Rights Bill, 71-18 Vote" (p. 1); "Washington JACL Office analyses House Subcommittee report on Japanese farm labor" (p. 1); "Lonely airman's Japanese wife recovers from suicide attempt; steps to regain custody of children stirs interest in Kansas City" (p. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
Select article titles: "1st Nisei Voted Mayor of City in Orange County" (p. 1); "Senate Leaders Urged by JACL To Place Civil Rights Bill Ok'd by House on Calendar, By-Passed Committee" (p. 1); "1st Oriental descent Canada member of parliament elected" (p. 1); "NARTB invited to join JACL campaign to help rid anti-Nisei movies on TV" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 23 (June 7, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 23 (June 7, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-23)
Select article titles: "26,000 Japanese War Brides in U.S. Group Told" (p. 1); "Senate Committee Amends Claims Supplemental Appropriation Bill" (p.1 ); "Non-profit groups listed for 1st time as claim awardees" (p. 1); "JACL participates in Memorial Day Rites at Arlington Cemetery; sagging Nisei interest in war dead scored by D.C. JACLers" (p. 1); "Rep Judd's …
Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
doc Declaration of eligibility by the spouse of a deceased eligible person identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-149)
Attachment page 1 and the reverse side completed by Yoneko Takano. The forms were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0148. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-141)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_001
Attorney General Dick Thornburgh presents three elderly Japanese-Americans with redress checks (ddr-csujad-52-15)
img Attorney General Dick Thornburgh presents three elderly Japanese-Americans with redress checks (ddr-csujad-52-15)
The caption above the photograph reads, "WASHINGTON, Oct. 9--ON BENDED KNEE--Attorney General Dick Thonburgh [Thornburgh] crouches on bended knee to present $20,000 checks to three elderly Japanese-Americans interned during World War II, during a ceremony at the Justice Department Tuesday. Accepting the checks are, from left: Kisa Iseri, Ontario, Ore., Hau Dairiki, Sacramento, Calif., and Mamoru …
Check for $20,000 from the United States Treasury to Toyoko Masaki (ddr-csujad-55-129)
doc Check for $20,000 from the United States Treasury to Toyoko Masaki (ddr-csujad-55-129)
Restitution check for $20,000 from the United States Treasury to Toyoko Masaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0131
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient, December 28, 1989 (ddr-csujad-55-2043)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient, December 28, 1989 (ddr-csujad-55-2043)
Correspondence from Robert K. Bratt to Dear Recipient regarding eligibility for redress payments. Includes Declaration of Eligibility by Persons Identified by the Office of Redress Administration for George Hideo Nakamura and Instructions for Submitting Documentation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2146
Letter from Bill Clinton, President of the United States, October 1, 1993 (ddr-csujad-55-2115)
doc Letter from Bill Clinton, President of the United States, October 1, 1993 (ddr-csujad-55-2115)
Form letter from President Bill Clinton to redress recipients expressing recognition of the injustices committed against Japanese Americans during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2218
Letter and restitution check from George Bush to George Nakamura, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2046)
doc Letter and restitution check from George Bush to George Nakamura, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2046)
Letter of apology from George Bush expressing recognition of the injustices committed against Japanese Americans during World War II. Includes check for $20,000 to George Hideo Nakamura. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2149
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator,  U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Correspondent, 1988 (ddr-csujad-55-86)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Correspondent, 1988 (ddr-csujad-55-86)
Form letter acknowledging receipt of correspondence regarding restitution payment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00090
Letter from Paul W. Suddes to redress recipient, April 6, 1993 (ddr-csujad-55-2099)
doc Letter from Paul W. Suddes to redress recipient, April 6, 1993 (ddr-csujad-55-2099)
Correspondence from Paul Suddes to Redress Recipient regarding a delay in sending the apology letter. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2202
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
doc Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form (ddr-csujad-42-142)
A copy of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, voluntary information form to locate persons of Japanese ancestry who were forced to evacuate and were incarcerated during the war. The form is completed by Fumio Fred Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_76_002
Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
doc Letter from the White House (ddr-csujad-42-155)
An official apology letter signed by President George H. W. Bush which accompanied the redress payment check. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_013
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to the spouse of a deceased eligible individual, April 7, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-148)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing the spouse of a deceased Japanese American who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and instructs to submit …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, November 6, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-152)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that the recipient's eligibility for a redress payment has been finalized and a check will be sent to the recipient …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-154)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient who is a spouse of a deceased eligible for the redress payment. The recipient is presumably Yoneko Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
doc Letter from Philip R. Ward Sr., Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Mariko Hirashima, May 31, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-145)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to verify Mariko Morllie Hirashima's incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_003
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient, May 25, 1990 (ddr-csujad-42-150)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing an identified person who was forced to evacuate and incarcerated during the war and is potentially eligible for the compensation. It informs of the the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and …
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice (ddr-csujad-42-147)
A letter from Robert K. Bratt, Reparations Administrator, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice to the correspondent, presumably Yoneko Takano, who requests the information on restitution payments. Also includes a letter issued by National Archives and Records Administration to verify the detention of Fumio Fred Takano in the incarceration camp during the war. The …
Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
doc Letter from Wayne Tracy, Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano, June 22, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-146)
A letter issued by Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Administration to Yoneko Takano in response to her request for verification of her incarceration and release dates during the war. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_004
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient (ddr-csujad-42-153)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice to recipient (ddr-csujad-42-153)
A copy of a letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, addressing a recipient, who is presumably Yoneko or Mariko Takano. It notifies that their review of the documents has been completed and determined that the requester is eligible for a redress payment …
Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
doc Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration (ddr-csujad-42-151)
Attachment pages 1-3, "Declaration: declaration of eligibility by persons identified by the Office of Redress Administration," completed by Yoneko Takano. The documents were presumably attached to the letter sent from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, Office of Redress Administration, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, which is found in item: csudh_tak_0150. See this …
Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
doc Letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, May 3, 1988 (ddr-csujad-42-144)
A copy of a letter from Yoneko Takano to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration. It requests verification of Yoneko's incarceration and release dates. It appears that Yoneko fills out the template letter (csudh_tak_0143), adding her address at the time …
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