Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (933)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

933 items
Issei men waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-36)
img Issei men waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-36)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei man waiting to receive his redress checks (ddr-densho-26-38)
img Issei man waiting to receive his redress checks (ddr-densho-26-38)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 25 (June 27, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 25 (June 27, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-25)
Edition contains Travel Section, TS 1-4, between pages 6 and 7. Selected article titles: "'Victory in Sight,' Congressmen Tell Redress Supporters" (pp. 1, 8), "JA Groups Support Navajo Cause" (pp. 1, 10), "Japanese Australian Colonies 'Discovered': Australian Relates WW2 Heroics of Nisei Divers Raiding Manila Bay" (TS 3), and "Breaking Down Barriers" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 22 (June 6, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 22 (June 6, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-22)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Will Receive College Diploma--44 Years Later" (pp. 1, 8), "Governor Seeking Support for Redress" (p. 1), "Camp Memorial to Be Dedicated" (p. 2), and "Program to Provide Help for Mail-Order, Servicemen's Wives" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 5 (August 1, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 5 (August 1, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-30)
Selected article titles: "Case for Aleut Redress Presented" (pp. 1, 8), "JCCCNC Officially Opens Doors" (p. 1), "Nisei Week Events Scheduled" (p. 2), and "House Passes 'Jpn' Resolution" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 2 (July 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 2 (July 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-27)
Edition contains Candidates for National JACL Office Supplement, A-D, between pages 4 and 5. Selected article titles: "Chicago Convention Honorees Named" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Getting the Word Out" (p. 4), and "The $200,000 Question" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 11 (March 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 11 (March 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-11)
Selected article titles: "Sansei Give Behind-the-Scenes Account of U.S.-Japan Trade Talks" (pp. 1, 8), "From the Frying Pan: Return to Heart Mountain" (p. 5), and "442 Officer Promotes Redress" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Verdict Reached" (pp. 1, 8), "Colorado Rep Backs H.R. 442" (p. 1), "Remark on Onizuka Protested" (p. 1), and "Bill to Eliminate 'Jap' Proposed" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 7 (August 15, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 7 (August 15, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-32)
Selected article titles: "Chicago-Area Republican Persuaded to Support House Redress Legislation" (p. 1), "Figures Released on Asian Elderly" (pp. 1, 8), "Oral History of JA Farmer Published" (pp 3, 5), and "From the Frying Pan: Stamping Out Slurs" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 9 (August 29, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 9 (August 29, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-34)
Selected article titles: "H.R. 442 Co-Sponsor: Levine: U.S. Should Pay JA Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Bigotry Against Nikkei Persists, Mineta Warns" (p. 3), "Delegation from Japan Marks Anniversary of Doll Exchange" (p. 3), and "JACL Convention Photo Album" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 18 (May 9, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 18 (May 9, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-18)
Selected article titles: "Emotions Run High at House Hearing" (pp. 1, 7), "Reagan Administration Opposes Bill" (pp. 1, 7), "Internment Recalled in Calif. Desert" (pp. 1, 10), and "Scholar to Speak on Picture Brides' Story" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 16 (October 17, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 16 (October 17, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-41)
Selected article titles: "Veto of Calif. Bilingual Ed Bill Assailed" (pp. 1, 8), "S.F. Meeting: LEC Weighs Prospects for Redress in '87" (pp. 1, 8), "New 'Nissei Soldier' Documentary in the Works" (pp. 1, 8), and "450 Titles: Bibliography of Books on JAs Released" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 2 (January 17, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 2 (January 17, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-2)
Selected article titles: "522nd Vet Relates Wartime Exploits" (p. 1), "Hawaiian Reparations Bill Proposed" (pp. 1, 3), "East Wind: Passing Glimpses of Japan" (p. 4), and "One Thing Leads to Another: The [Pacific Citizen] Editor Replies" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 11 (September 12, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 11 (September 12, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-36)
Selected article titles: "Deukmejian Announces Opposition to Prop. 63" (p. 1), "'Compensate Victims': Illinois Gov. Backs Redress" (p. 1), and "East Wind: A Lesson in Linguistics: Notes on 'Nikkei'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 3 (July 18, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 3 (July 18, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-28)
Selected article titles: "Coalition to Fight English Initiative" (pp. 1, 6), "LEC Update: Close Encounters of Congressional Kind" (pp. 4-5), and "Nisei Compensated by Seattle School District Contribute to Redress Campaign" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 10 (March 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 10 (March 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-10)
Selected article titles: "Sanctuary for Marcos in Hawaii Debated" (pp. 1, 5), "Camps Recalled, Vets Praised at Feb. 19 Program" (p. 2), "By the Board: Still Top Priority" (p. 4), and "'JA Journey' a Bad Trip" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 15 (October 10, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 15 (October 10, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-40)
Selected article titles: "Boycott Started: Nakasone Still Under Fire; Backlash May Affect JAs" (pp. 1, 8), "Prop. 63 Hearings: Hayakawa Defends, Officials Attack Initiative" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Caught in the Crossfire" (p. 4), and "Four Groups Give Update on Redress" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 1 (January 3-10, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-1)
ds Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 1 (January 3-10, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-1)
Selected article titles: "Monument Erected at WW2 Camp Site" (p. 1), "Magazine's 'Japs' Statement Rebutted" (p. 1), "LEC Update: Redress: A Patriotic Act" (p. 7), and "1985 Chronology" (pp. 10-13).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No.  9 (March 7, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 9 (March 7, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-9)
Selected article titles: "Solidarity Stressed at L.A. DOR" (pp. 1, 12), "H.R. 442 Hearings to Be Rescheduled" (p. 1), "East Wind: U.S.-Japan Relations (Part 2)" (p. 4), and "DOR Rekindles Interest in Redress" (p. 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 23 (June 13, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 23 (June 13, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-23)
Selected article titles: "Request for Redress Support Gets Results" (pp. 1, 10), "Canadian Redress Plan Submitted" (pp. 1, 12), and "Talk on Seabrook Farms Slated" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
Selected article titles: "New Series a Unique Chance for JA Actors" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Bill: Attorneys Try to Decode New Technicalities" (pp. 1-2), "By the Board: Budgetary Realities" (p. 4), and "Newspapers Comment on Redress Issue" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 14 (April 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 14 (April 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-14)
Selected article titles: "State Bill Allows Payments to Ex-School Clerks" (p. 1), "East Wind: Appeal from an Issei Vet" (p. 4), "Don't Ignore U.S.-Japan" (p. 4), and "Let's Not Get Involved" (pp. 4-5).
President Ronald Reagan speaking at the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-180)
av President Ronald Reagan speaking at the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-180)
Caption on reverse: "Rep. Ben Blaz (R) Guam, Rep. Daniel Akaka (D) Hawaii, Sen. Spark Matsunaga, Pres. Ronald Reagan, Sen. Daniel Inouye, Rep Patricia Saiki."
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