Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (588)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

588 items
Luncheon for Congressman Mineta (ddr-densho-10-188)
img Luncheon for Congressman Mineta (ddr-densho-10-188)
Event: President Reagan signing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Caption on reverse: "Rayburn Bldg. Jerry Enomoto, Ruth Hashimoto, True Yasui."
People at the ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-193)
img People at the ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-193)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Off. Bldg. Shig Wakamatsu, Homer Yasui, Bryan Matsui, Doris Matsui, True Yasui, Pat Okura, Helen Hayashi (Mineta's aide San Jose)."
Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-181)
img Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-181)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Office Bldg., John Hayashi, Rochelle Wandzura, Rita Takahashi, Ron Wakabayashi, Bob Sakaguchi, Beorge Baba."
Mike Masaoka book signing table (ddr-densho-10-171)
img Mike Masaoka book signing table (ddr-densho-10-171)
Event: President Reagan signing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.
Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-195)
img Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-195)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Office Bldg. June Masuda Goto, Denny Yasuhara, Grayce Uyehara, Cherry Kinoshita, Jerry Enomoto."
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 87 (October 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-149)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 87 (October 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-149)
"JACL Leaders Tell Claims Forms Plans" (p. 1), "Replies on Evacuation Claims Bill" (p. 4), "Chick Expert Off on World Tour" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
"House Will Get Claims Board Measure Soon" (p. 1), "House to Study H.R. 3555" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
"Truman Calls on Congress to Speed Up Business of Evacuation, Civil Rights" (pg.1), "7,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Face Loss of U.S. Citizenship" (pg. 1), "JACL Bigwigs Plan Strategy to Push Bills" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
"First Nisei War Dead to Arrive Late in 1948, JACL is Informed" (p. 1), "Canadian Property Owners Agree to Evacuation Loss Terms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 16 (February 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-183)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 16 (February 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-183)
"Mike Masaoka Seeks Payment of Claims Soon" (p. 1), "Tokuda Drug Five Takes Third N.W. Invitational Meet" (p. 1), "Maybe, Some Day in the Near Future We'll Have Anglo-Saxon Names" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 85 (October 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-147)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 85 (October 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-147)
"Masaoka Pleads GI Child Case" (pg.1), "More Questions, Answers on Evacuation Claims Law" (pg. 4)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 81 (September 29, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-143)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 81 (September 29, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-143)
"Lawyers Tell What We Can Ask For Loss" (p. 1), "$2,650 Set as "Fair Share' of Jackson Street Area in 1949 Community Chest Push" (p. 1), "Text of Complaint Filed Against "Tokyo Rose' in Oct. 7 Treason Trial" (p. 4)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 2 (January 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-169)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 2 (January 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-169)
"Truman Shows Interest in Rights Bill" (p. 1), "Pa. Solon Vows to Present Measure for Equality in Naturalization" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
"Sees Complications in Return of Nisei Stranded in Japan" (p. 1), "Anti-Bias Group Eyes Removal of Race Restrictions" (p. 1), "Aliens Now May Apply for Business" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 88 (October 23, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-150)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 88 (October 23, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-150)
"Ban Prohibiting Oriental Citizens in Hawaii to Enter U.S. Lifted" (p. 1), "Mimbu, Sakahara to Speak on Problems Relating to Claims Forms on Oct. 27" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
"130 Strandees Ask Re-Entry, JCCA Reports" (p. 1), "Justice Department Unit Aide Outlines How Its L.A. Office Will Process the Claims" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 45 (May 26, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-113)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 45 (May 26, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-113)
"Seven Witnesses Testify in Favor of Evacuation Claims Legislation" (p. 1), "Jackson St. Council Elects Ten to Executive Council at Meet" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 48 (June 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-215)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 48 (June 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-215)
"Economy-Minded Solons Pass Over Funds Set Aside for Claims" (p. 1), "House OK's ENI Legislation; Senate Unit Will Study It" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 55 (July 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-222)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 55 (July 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-222)
"Hawaii Governor Promises to Do What He Can to Push ENI Bill" (p. 1), "Claims Office Due to Open" (p. 1).
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