Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Redress and reparations (933)
Receiving redress checks and apology (135)

135 items
Letter to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration (ddr-csujad-42-143)
doc Letter to Joseph B. Howerton, Assistant Chief for Reference, Industrial and Social Branch, Civil Archives Division, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration (ddr-csujad-42-143)
A draft of a letter addressing National Archives and Records Service to request verification of the dates of incarceration and release. It appears to be a letter template in which a requester can fill out her/his information. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_77_001
Two Japanese-American men during interviews leading up to receiving redress checks (ddr-csujad-52-16)
img Two Japanese-American men during interviews leading up to receiving redress checks (ddr-csujad-52-16)
Two Japanese-American men wearing suits. The caption next to the image reads, "SEATTLE, Sept. 30--WILL RECEIVE CHECKS--Frank Yatsu, 106, right, talks about his imprisonment by the U.S. government during World War II in an internment camp with other Japanese-Americans. Listening to Yatsu during an interview at Seattle Keiro, a Japanese community nursing home, is Harry Nakagawa, …
Letter from Paul W. Suddes, Administrator for Redress to redress recipient, October 20, 1993 (ddr-csujad-55-2114)
doc Letter from Paul W. Suddes, Administrator for Redress to redress recipient, October 20, 1993 (ddr-csujad-55-2114)
Correspondence from Paul Suddes to Redress Recipient which accompanied the new redress apology letter signed by President Bill Clinton. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2217
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient or Guardian, March 30, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2042)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient or Guardian, March 30, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2042)
Correspondence from Robert K. Bratt to Dear Recipient or Guardian regarding a checklist of required documents for recipients of restitution payments. Includes supporting documentation submitted by George Nakamura. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2145
Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient, June 29, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2045)
doc Letter from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator for Redress, U.S. Department of Justice to Dear Recipient, June 29, 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-2045)
Correspondence from Robert K. Bratt to Dear Recipient regarding confirmation of eligibility for redress payments and payment schedule. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2148
Redress update (ddr-csujad-55-96)
doc Redress update (ddr-csujad-55-96)
Information about receiving redress payments per the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 for California residents who were also receiving public assistance or Medi-Cal. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00100
Letter from George Bush, President of the United States, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-128)
doc Letter from George Bush, President of the United States, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-128)
Form letter from George Bush sent to incarcerees that received a restitution payment. Includes a copy of restitution check sent to Joanne Iritani. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0130
Regulations proposed for WWII internees to collect reparations (ddr-csujad-55-2110)
doc Regulations proposed for WWII internees to collect reparations (ddr-csujad-55-2110)
Newspaper clipping regarding the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and the details of restitution payments for former incarcerees. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2213
Letter of apology from George H.W. Bush, President of the United States, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-920)
doc Letter of apology from George H.W. Bush, President of the United States, October 1990 (ddr-csujad-55-920)
Letter of apology from George Bush expressing recognition of the injustices committed against Japanese Americans during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0922
Check for $20,000 from the United States Treasury to Dorothy Nakamura (ddr-csujad-55-2116)
doc Check for $20,000 from the United States Treasury to Dorothy Nakamura (ddr-csujad-55-2116)
Restitution check for $20,000 from the United States Treasury to Dorothy Nakamura. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2219
Taketora Jim Tanaka Interview Segment 22 (ddr-manz-1-50-22)
vh Taketora Jim Tanaka Interview Segment 22 (ddr-manz-1-50-22)
Receiving redress: "it never could replace the freedom we lost"
Henry Fukuhara Interview Segment 15 (ddr-manz-1-3-15)
vh Henry Fukuhara Interview Segment 15 (ddr-manz-1-3-15)
Thoughts on redress: "You can't put a dollar sign on the feeling"
Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
vh Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
Receiving redress check and apology: donating an organ to church in memory of parents
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
Feelings upon receiving redress: "the apology is just a piece of paper"
Mitsuye May Yamada Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-137-42)
vh Mitsuye May Yamada Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-137-42)
Mixed feelings upon receiving redress check and apology

Mitsuye Yamada was interviewed together with her two surviving brothers, William Toshio Yasutake and Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. She was interviewed individually on October 9-10, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. …

Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview III Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-125-8)
Reaction to receiving redress and presidential apology, "a miracle"

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
vh Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
Reactions to receiving redress money

During this interview, Mrs. Kurosu alternately speaks in both English and Japanese. As a result, the English translation of the transcript contains [Jpn.] and [Eng.], which indicate whether the original dialogue was spoken in Japanese or English.

Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-167-13)
vh Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-167-13)
Thoughts on receiving redress: "it's peanuts compared to what it should have been"
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-432-37)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-432-37)
Decision to donate redress money (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the …

API