Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (215)
Leaving camp (261)
Returning home (1010)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1010 items
Perry Dobashi Interview Segment 11 (ddr-jamsj-2-3-11)
vh Perry Dobashi Interview Segment 11 (ddr-jamsj-2-3-11)
Returning home after the war, restarting the family business

This interview was conducted by the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and is part of a project entitled "Lasting Stories: The Resettlement of San Jose Japantown," a collaborative project between the Japanese American Museum of San Jose and Densho.

Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview Segment 27 (ddr-jamsj-2-7-27)
vh Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview Segment 27 (ddr-jamsj-2-7-27)
Returning to San Jose before the West Coast was opened for Japanese Americans
Marion I. Masada Interview Segment 22 (ddr-manz-1-155-22)
vh Marion I. Masada Interview Segment 22 (ddr-manz-1-155-22)
Leaving camp and hearing that Japanese Americans were not welcome to return to hometown
Masako Yoshida Interview Segment 24 (ddr-manz-1-153-24)
vh Masako Yoshida Interview Segment 24 (ddr-manz-1-153-24)
Returning to California to raise a family, facing discrimination
Mary Suzuki Ichino Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-52-19)
vh Mary Suzuki Ichino Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-52-19)
Seeing Little Tokyo for the first time after the war: "it was so devastating"
Alice Matsumoto Ando Interview Segment 7 (ddr-one-7-73-7)
vh Alice Matsumoto Ando Interview Segment 7 (ddr-one-7-73-7)
Returning home and opening a new hotel

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Jim Akutsu Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-2-45)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-2-45)
Starting over, Engineers Professional Union; job discrimination in civil service

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Ted Hachiya Interview Segment 20 (ddr-one-7-9-20)
vh Ted Hachiya Interview Segment 20 (ddr-one-7-9-20)
Returning home after leaving camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Mika Hiuga Interview Segment 22 (ddr-one-7-37-22)
vh Mika Hiuga Interview Segment 22 (ddr-one-7-37-22)
Encountering discrimination after returning home after the war

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

George Azumano Interview Segment 21 (ddr-one-7-32-21)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 21 (ddr-one-7-32-21)
Returning to Portland

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-98-25)
vh Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-98-25)
Opening an ice creamery, a community hub in Seattle's International District
Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-98-24)
vh Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-98-24)
Returning to Beacon Hill in Seattle, Washington, arriving to a vandalized home and getting involved in the community again
Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-107-34)
vh Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-107-34)
Starting over after the war: denial of all things Japanese, and attitude toward pardon of draft resisters
Junkoh Harui Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-11-14)
vh Junkoh Harui Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-11-14)
Returning to Bainbridge Island and finding the total devastation of Bainbridge Gardens; parents' example of "gaman," perseverance

This interview was done outdoors in the Bainbridge Gardens Nursery which resulted in increased background noise and frequent interruptions by the business P.A. system.

Ryo Imamura Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-27-1)
vh Ryo Imamura Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-27-1)
Role of the Berkeley Buddhist Temple in providing housing and serving the community during the postwar resettlement period
Frank Kitamoto Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-35-23)
vh Frank Kitamoto Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-35-23)
Reception of Bainbridge Island, Washington, community to returning Japanese after the war
Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-42-11)
vh Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-42-11)
Returning to Seattle after the war

Mrs. Kurose was undergoing treatment for cancer and required frequent breaks and medication to help her with pain management.

Henry Miyatake Interview IV Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-56-1)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview IV Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-56-1)
War Relocation Authority's efforts to encourage the hiring of Japanese Americans
Isami Nakao - Kazuko Nakao Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-68-26)
vh Isami Nakao - Kazuko Nakao Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-68-26)
Returning home to Bainbridge Island to find tenant refusing to leave
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