Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Supreme Court cases (13)
Gordon Hirabayashi (105)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

105 items
Interview outside of the courthouse  during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-71)
img Interview outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-71)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
img View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
The Gordon Hirabayashi hearing was held here, in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-70)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-70)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-75)
img Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-75)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-74)
img Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-74)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 6 (February 13, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 6 (February 13, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-6)
Selected article titles: "Japan team to bowl in nat'l JACL tourney" (p. 1), "Sansei helped design little computer aboard Apollo 11-first to land on moon" (p. 1), "Gov. Reagan in Support of Title II Repeal" (p. 1), "Japanese and Indian claims methods against U.S. compared" (p. 1), "Chicago steps up convention planning" (p. 1), "Issue call …
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-76)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-76)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Hirabayashi v. United States, 828 F.2d 591 (1987) (ddr-densho-405-37)
doc Hirabayashi v. United States, 828 F.2d 591 (1987) (ddr-densho-405-37)
This document was available in conjunction with "Race, Rights and Reparation: Law and the Japanese American Internment" by Eric K. Yamamoto, Margaret Chon, Carol Izumi, Jerry Kang, and Frank Wu.
Letter from Floyd Schmoe to Tamako Inouye (ddr-densho-383-545)
doc Letter from Floyd Schmoe to Tamako Inouye (ddr-densho-383-545)
Re: results of Gordon Hirabayashi case, mutual friends, possibility of relocation
Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-9-4)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-9-4)
Gordon Hirabayashi's decision to reopen his case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-9-6)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-9-6)
Support of parents in Gordon's initial case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-9-1)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-9-1)
Thoughts on being seen as a culture hero (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-9-3)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-9-3)
The lessons of Gordon Hirabayashi's case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this …

Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-12-2)
vh Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-12-2)
Remembering Gordon Hirabayashi's decision to resist the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-12-4)
vh Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-12-4)
Gordon Hirabayashi's incredible wartime story (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material …

Peter Irons Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-16-5)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-16-5)
Gordon Hirabayashi's written statement challenging evacuation (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-2-7)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-2-7)
Circulating a written statement detailing reasons for resistance (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-2-6)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-2-6)
Impact of resistance on family and community (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-2-11)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-2-11)
Memories of jail: reunited with parents (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-2-9)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-2-9)
Thoughts on initial trial: expecting a guilty verdict (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-2-15)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-2-15)
Reflections on wartime experiences and the government's decision to incarcerate Japanese Americans (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
Making the decision to defy the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

API