Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

Gordon Hirabayashi (99)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

99 items
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
Making the decision to defy the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-2-15)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-2-15)
Reflections on wartime experiences and the government's decision to incarcerate Japanese Americans (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III (ddr-densho-1000-19)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III (ddr-densho-1000-19)
Nisei male. Born April 23, 1918, in Seattle, Washington. Spent most of his childhood in Thomas, Washington, where his parents were part of a Christian farming co-op. Attended the University of Washington where he was active in the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), the conscientious objector movement, and became a Quaker. At the outbreak of World ...
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-70)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-70)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Letter from Justice Felix Frankfurter to Chief Justice Harlan Stone (ddr-densho-67-121)
doc Letter from Justice Felix Frankfurter to Chief Justice Harlan Stone (ddr-densho-67-121)
Letter from Justice Felix Frankfurter to Chief Justice Harlan Stone about the Hirabayashi decision. Frankfurter informs Stone that there is a debate surrounding the use of language in the decision -- warns that many more habeas corpus suits could be filed if the court does not accurately state their opinion.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 10 (October 2, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 10 (October 2, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-35)
Selected article titles: "AAJA Convention Has 'Write' Stuff" (pp. 1, 3, 8), "Coram Nobis Case: Court Overturns Wartime Convictions" (pp. 1, 6), "Reese Article Calls Redress Issue a Second Attack on Pearl Harbor" (p. 4), and "The Mountainous Ordeal of Passing Redress" (pp. 5-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Celebrates Victory" (pp. 1, 5), "Noted Architect Yamasaki Dies" (p. 1), "East Wind: The Canadian Nisei" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Overseas Japanese" (p. 5).
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-2-9)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-2-9)
Thoughts on initial trial: expecting a guilty verdict (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-18-17)
Handing oneself over to the FBI, and trying to accommodate a colonel's need to report "100% evacuated"
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II (ddr-densho-1000-18)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II (ddr-densho-1000-18)
Nisei male. Born April 23, 1918, in Seattle, Washington. Spent most of his childhood in Thomas, Washington, where his parents were part of a Christian farming co-op. Attended the University of Washington where he was active in the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), the conscientious objector movement, and became a Quaker. At the outbreak of World ...
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-19-8)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-19-8)
Translating father's testimony for the court, the verdict, and sentencing: "All this discussion about the Constitution... That's irrelevant."
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview IV (ddr-densho-1000-20)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview IV (ddr-densho-1000-20)
Nisei male. Born April 23, 1918, in Seattle, Washington. Spent most of his childhood in Thomas, Washington, where his parents were part of a Christian farming co-op. Attended the University of Washington where he was active in the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), the conscientious objector movement, and became a Quaker. At the outbreak of World ...
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
Gordon Hirabayashi's conviction is vacated in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, decision is made to not take the case to the Supreme Court
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-115-2)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-115-2)
Waiting nine months in jail before release arrangements were made by Floyd Schmoe
Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
doc Letter from C. Walter Borton and Homer L. Morris to Dear Friend, May 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-16-4)
Report to people who have contributed financial support for the Gordon Hirabayashi case on the hearing before the Supreme Court. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_1-07_02
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