Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

Gordon Hirabayashi (97)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

97 items
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview IV (ddr-densho-1000-20)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview IV (ddr-densho-1000-20)
Nisei male. Born April 23, 1918, in Seattle, Washington. Spent most of his childhood in Thomas, Washington, where his parents were part of a Christian farming co-op. Attended the University of Washington where he was active in the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), the conscientious objector movement, and became a Quaker. At the outbreak of ...
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
Gordon Hirabayashi's conviction is vacated in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, decision is made to not take the case to the Supreme Court
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-115-2)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-115-2)
Waiting nine months in jail before release arrangements were made by Floyd Schmoe
View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
img View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
The Gordon Hirabayashi hearing was held here, in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 6 (February 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 6 (February 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-6)
Selected article titles: "Hearing Set for Appeals of Ruling in Hirabayashi Case" (p. 1), "Formerly Weller St.: Street in Little Tokyo Named for Astronaut" (pp. 1-2), "Government Plan to Put Arab Immigrants in Camps Alleged" (pp. 1, 3), and "Defining 'Multicultural Education'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
Selected article titles: "Parallel Between Treatment of Palestinians and JAs Seen" (pp. 1, 3), "Hirabayashi, Other Asians Listed in Wash. Hall of Fame" (pp. 1, 3), "Conference to Look at How to Resolve Inter-Ethnic Conflict" (p. 3), and "Action in the Senate" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 3 (January 22, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 3 (January 22, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-3)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Case May Go to High Court" (p. 1), "Northern California Leaders Support Nakanishi" (pp. 1-2), "Congressman Vouches for JACL's Collaboration with Army in 1942" (pp. 2-3), and "Matchmaking Japanese-Style" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 17 (April 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 17 (April 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-17)
Selected article titles: "Senate Votes $1.3 Billion for WW2 Evacuees" (p. 1), "White House Next Step: S.1009 Passes on Strong Bipartisan Stand of 69 Yeas, 27 Nays, 4 N.V.s" (pp. 1, 4), "Japanese Americans Happy with Senate Passage" (pp. 1-2), "Japanese Canadian Redress--A Review" (pp. 3, 9), and "First Hirabayashi Case Upholds ...
Gordon Hirabayashi's Petition for Writ of Error, Exhibit (ddr-densho-72-97)
doc Gordon Hirabayashi's Petition for Writ of Error, Exhibit (ddr-densho-72-97)
Memorandum for the Solicitor General, April 1943 (Exhibit Q, Petition for writ of error): Gordon K. Hirabayashi v. U.S., Case No. C83-122v; District Court, Western District of Washington (Seattle).
U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi Amended Demurrer (ddr-densho-72-93)
doc U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi Amended Demurrer (ddr-densho-72-93)
U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi, Cr. Case No. 45738; U.S. District Court, Western District of Washington, Northern Division; Records of the U.S. District Courts (Record Group 21).
Affidavit of Gordon K. Hirabayashi in Support of Reply to Government's Response and Motion (ddr-densho-72-99)
doc Affidavit of Gordon K. Hirabayashi in Support of Reply to Government's Response and Motion (ddr-densho-72-99)
Gordon K. Hirabayashi v. U.S., Case No. C83-122v; U.S. District Court, Western District of Washington (Seattle).
Peter Irons Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-16-5)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-16-5)
Gordon Hirabayashi's written statement challenging evacuation (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-12-2)
vh Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-12-2)
Remembering Gordon Hirabayashi's decision to resist the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-2-5)
Making the decision to defy the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-2-15)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-2-15)
Reflections on wartime experiences and the government's decision to incarcerate Japanese Americans (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III (ddr-densho-1000-19)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III (ddr-densho-1000-19)
Nisei male. Born April 23, 1918, in Seattle, Washington. Spent most of his childhood in Thomas, Washington, where his parents were part of a Christian farming co-op. Attended the University of Washington where he was active in the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), the conscientious objector movement, and became a Quaker. At the outbreak of ...
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
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