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Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Supreme Court cases (14)
Gordon Hirabayashi (105)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

105 items
Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1002-5-11)
vh Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1002-5-11)
Description of brother Gordon Hirabayashi's wartime stand and trial

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead …

Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
Volunteering to testify before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians; assembling legal team, contacting Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Min Yasui
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-127-23)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-127-23)
Gordon Hirabayashi's case in Seattle federal court, "a partial victory"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
Gordon Hirabayashi's conviction is vacated in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, decision is made to not take the case to the Supreme Court
Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-54-9)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-54-9)
Trying to start a collection for Gordon Hirabayashi, encountering resistance
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-19-3)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-19-3)
Visiting with civil rights activist Bayard Ruston and advocating on behalf of fellow inmates as "tank mayor"
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-19-4)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-19-4)
Refusing release on bail: either jail or the concentration camps, freedom not an option
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-19-7)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-19-7)
Life behind bars: role as "tank mayor" and influence on fellow prisoners
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-19-8)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-19-8)
Translating father's testimony for the court, the verdict, and sentencing: "All this discussion about the Constitution... That's irrelevant."
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-19-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-19-5)
Prosecutor subpoenas parents as witnesses, holds them in the King County jail
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-115-14)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-115-14)
Continuing the appeal process: case is heard before the United States Supreme Court
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-115-2)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-115-2)
Waiting nine months in jail before release arrangements were made by Floyd Schmoe
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-115-18)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-115-18)
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals vacates the conviction, but does not overturn the Supreme Court ruling
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