Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

Gordon Hirabayashi (99)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

99 items
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-72)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-76)
img Outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-76)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-75)
img Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-75)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-74)
img Gordon Hirabayashi being interviewed outside the courthouse (ddr-densho-10-74)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 6 (February 13, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 70, No. 6 (February 13, 1970) (ddr-pc-42-6)
Selected article titles: "Japan team to bowl in nat'l JACL tourney" (p. 1), "Sansei helped design little computer aboard Apollo 11-first to land on moon" (p. 1), "Gov. Reagan in Support of Title II Repeal" (p. 1), "Japanese and Indian claims methods against U.S. compared" (p. 1), "Chicago steps up convention planning" (p. 1 ...
Memo from Justice William Douglas to Chief Justice Harlan Stone (ddr-densho-67-120)
doc Memo from Justice William Douglas to Chief Justice Harlan Stone (ddr-densho-67-120)
Memo from Justice William Douglas to Chief Justice Harlan Stone on the Hirabayashi decision. Douglas has revised the decision to remove any sort of racial discrimination.
U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi Proposed Instructions of the Defendant (ddr-densho-72-94)
doc U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi Proposed Instructions of the Defendant (ddr-densho-72-94)
U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi, Cr. Case No. 45738; U.S. District Court, Western District of Washington, Northern Division; Records of the U.S. District Courts (Record Group 21).
Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-9-3)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-9-3)
The lessons of Gordon Hirabayashi's case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-9-4)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-9-4)
Gordon Hirabayashi's decision to reopen his case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-115-18)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-115-18)
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals vacates the conviction, but does not overturn the Supreme Court ruling
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-18-16)
Defying the May '42 exclusion order, the last Japanese American in Seattle
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-19-3)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-19-3)
Visiting with civil rights activist Bayard Ruston and advocating on behalf of fellow inmates as "tank mayor"
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-19-5)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview III Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-19-5)
Prosecutor subpoenas parents as witnesses, holds them in the King County jail
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
Volunteering to testify before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians; assembling legal team, contacting Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Min Yasui
Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-54-9)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-54-9)
Trying to start a collection for Gordon Hirabayashi, encountering resistance
Henry Miyatake Interview VI (ddr-densho-1000-58)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview VI (ddr-densho-1000-58)
Nisei male. Born 1929 in Seattle, Washington. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Had some key childhood experiences with discrimination that made him a self-described, "independent thinker," and later, an influential figure in the Japanese American community. While a teenager in camp, he wrote and defended an essay criticizing the United States ...
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