Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hirabayashi, a 24-year-old senior at the University of Washington, arrived at the FBI office in Seattle on May 16, 1942, the date that he had been ordered to register for exclusion. He handed the FBI agent a four-page statement that explained why he refused to register. Hirabayashi was raised as a Quaker and trained as a pacifist, and his reasons for refusal stemmed from his religious convictions and pacifism. Hirabayashi was arrested and his case became an important test of the constitutionality of exclusion. In 1986, Hirabayashi's case was reopened and his convictions surrounding the incarceration were vacated by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, arguing in part that, "racial bias was the cornerstone of the internment orders."

Gordon Hirabayashi (97)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Hirabayashi v. United States, Gordon Hirabayashi

97 items
Interview outside of the courthouse  during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-71)
img Interview outside of the courthouse during Gordon Hirabayashi's hearing (ddr-densho-10-71)
The hearing was held in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Verdict Reached" (pp. 1, 8), "Colorado Rep Backs H.R. 442" (p. 1), "Remark on Onizuka Protested" (p. 1), and "Bill to Eliminate 'Jap' Proposed" (p. 3).
Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-9-1)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi - Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-9-1)
Thoughts on being seen as a culture hero (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-2-6)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-2-6)
Impact of resistance on family and community (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-115-14)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview V Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-115-14)
Continuing the appeal process: case is heard before the United States Supreme Court
Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-18-18)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-18-18)
Pinning hopes on the Supreme Court: "[T]heir main existence is to uphold the Constitution ... How in the world can they uphold [the convictions] against me?"
View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
img View of the United States Courthouse in Seattle (ddr-densho-10-73)
The Gordon Hirabayashi hearing was held here, in Seattle, Washington in front of Judge Donald S. Voorhees.
U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi Amended Demurrer (ddr-densho-72-93)
doc U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi Amended Demurrer (ddr-densho-72-93)
U.S. v. Gordon Hirabayashi, Cr. Case No. 45738; U.S. District Court, Western District of Washington, Northern Division; Records of the U.S. District Courts (Record Group 21).
Gordon Hirabayashi's Petition for Writ of Error, Exhibit (ddr-densho-72-97)
doc Gordon Hirabayashi's Petition for Writ of Error, Exhibit (ddr-densho-72-97)
Memorandum for the Solicitor General, April 1943 (Exhibit Q, Petition for writ of error): Gordon K. Hirabayashi v. U.S., Case No. C83-122v; District Court, Western District of Washington (Seattle).
Affidavit of Gordon K. Hirabayashi in Support of Reply to Government's Response and Motion (ddr-densho-72-99)
doc Affidavit of Gordon K. Hirabayashi in Support of Reply to Government's Response and Motion (ddr-densho-72-99)
Gordon K. Hirabayashi v. U.S., Case No. C83-122v; U.S. District Court, Western District of Washington (Seattle).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 3 (January 22, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 3 (January 22, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-3)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Case May Go to High Court" (p. 1), "Northern California Leaders Support Nakanishi" (pp. 1-2), "Congressman Vouches for JACL's Collaboration with Army in 1942" (pp. 2-3), and "Matchmaking Japanese-Style" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 17 (April 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 17 (April 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-17)
Selected article titles: "Senate Votes $1.3 Billion for WW2 Evacuees" (p. 1), "White House Next Step: S.1009 Passes on Strong Bipartisan Stand of 69 Yeas, 27 Nays, 4 N.V.s" (pp. 1, 4), "Japanese Americans Happy with Senate Passage" (pp. 1-2), "Japanese Canadian Redress--A Review" (pp. 3, 9), and "First Hirabayashi Case Upholds ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 6 (February 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 6 (February 13, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-6)
Selected article titles: "Hearing Set for Appeals of Ruling in Hirabayashi Case" (p. 1), "Formerly Weller St.: Street in Little Tokyo Named for Astronaut" (pp. 1-2), "Government Plan to Put Arab Immigrants in Camps Alleged" (pp. 1, 3), and "Defining 'Multicultural Education'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
Selected article titles: "Parallel Between Treatment of Palestinians and JAs Seen" (pp. 1, 3), "Hirabayashi, Other Asians Listed in Wash. Hall of Fame" (pp. 1, 3), "Conference to Look at How to Resolve Inter-Ethnic Conflict" (p. 3), and "Action in the Senate" (p. 4).
Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-12-2)
vh Jim Hirabayashi - Rick Shiomi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-12-2)
Remembering Gordon Hirabayashi's decision to resist the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Peter Irons Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-16-5)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1012-16-5)
Gordon Hirabayashi's written statement challenging evacuation (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

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