Work and jobs

Both Issei and Nisei took jobs within the camps, at wages set not to exceed soldiers' pay: $12 per month for unskilled labor, $16 for skilled labor, and $19 for professional employees. WRA staff was paid much more for the same jobs. Though public opinion mandated such low pay, dissatisfied Japanese Americans objected to losing their right to make a decent living. They had to use their sparse income for necessities, such as warm clothing and shoes.

World War II (54)
Concentration camps (556)
Work and jobs (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Amache Silk Screen Shop

541 items
Letter from W. [Willard] E. Schmidt, Head, Internal Security to John H. Provinse, Head, Community Management, War Relocation Authority, January 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-80)
doc Letter from W. [Willard] E. Schmidt, Head, Internal Security to John H. Provinse, Head, Community Management, War Relocation Authority, January 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-80)
Summary of events in connection with Internal Security Division of the Tule Lake incarceration camp, including description of personnel and recruitment efforts; a vote of incarcerees to return to work; decisions about the function of wardens and who would select members of the Warden Division; and matters concerning case report A-7, including personnel, equipment, and possible ...
Memo from [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, to [Raymond R.] Best, [1944] (ddr-csujad-2-78)
doc Memo from [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, to [Raymond R.] Best, [1944] (ddr-csujad-2-78)
Regards arming the Administrative Police Section, including reasons for using the sawed-off shotgun vs. the 45 automatic pistol for security purposes, and the potential for escalation of tensions in a "divided camp (anti and pro, status quo)." See also the related typewritten memo, Memorandum from Willard [E.] Schmidt, Chief, Administrative Police, to R. R. [Raymond R.] ...
[Informal meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee and the Project Director and members of the Advisory Council, January 19, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-36)
doc [Informal meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee and the Project Director and members of the Advisory Council, January 19, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-36)
Meeting minutes between incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Discussion on issues and concerns with Motor Pool jobs, farm work, and a donation from the Japanese Red Cross. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0036
[Minutes of the meeting of divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, February 26, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-26)
doc [Minutes of the meeting of divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, February 26, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-26)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Primarily regarding camp employment. Describes employment statistics, concerns, and workers compensation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0026
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Chief of Police Schmidt [Willard E. Schmidt], February 3, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-72)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Chief of Police Schmidt [Willard E. Schmidt], February 3, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-72)
Calls for special meeting of the Project Director, Advisory Council, and Co-ordinating Committee to discuss Committee recommendations, and refers to four attached memoranda, each from Co-ordinating Committee 1608-A to R. [Raymond] R. Best, Project Director, dated February 2, 1944 and written by Byron Akitsuki, Executive Secretary. Subjects of the memoranda are: Receipt of Red Cross Gift ...
Memo from Harry L. Black, Advisory Committee, to Mr. [Raymond R.] Best, February 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-91)
doc Memo from Harry L. Black, Advisory Committee, to Mr. [Raymond R.] Best, February 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-91)
Memorandum regarding meeting with Co-ordinating Committee. Concerns meeting to discuss Committee's recommendation to release "18 additional detainees from the stockade." The memo on "Executive Office of the President, Office for Emergency Management" letterhead, also discusses employment of incarcerees from Manzanar and Tule Lake and moving incarcerees out of and into various housing blocks. See this object ...
[Minutes of the regular joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 3, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-30)
doc [Minutes of the regular joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 3, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-30)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Includes discussion on prisoner release from army stockades, the creation of a Young Men's Association and the transfer of incarcerees from Poston Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0030
[Minutes of the special joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 3, 1944, January 24, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-31)
doc [Minutes of the special joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 3, 1944, January 24, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-31)
Meeting minutes between incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Primarily a discussion of employment-related concerns including creating a subcommittees for employment and fair practices. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0031
[Interview Minutes with D.S. Myer, WRA National Director, March 18, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-21)
doc [Interview Minutes with D.S. Myer, WRA National Director, March 18, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-21)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and War Relocation Authority Director D.S. [Dillon Seymour] Myer. Question-answer session between Co-ordinating Committee and Myer. Includes questions about legitimacy and self-governance of Co-ordinating Committee, concerns about camp food, employment, and martial law in the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Tule Lake Co-ordinating committee notes (ddr-csujad-2-27)
doc Tule Lake Co-ordinating committee notes (ddr-csujad-2-27)
Meeting notes of incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government. Describes a desire to "return to normalcy" after unrest in camp including various publications, vandalism, the arrival of Manzanar transfers, lack of employment, and no prisoners being released for three weeks from the army stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
[Minutes of the meeting of the advisory council and the divisional responsible men, January 14, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-34)
doc [Minutes of the meeting of the advisory council and the divisional responsible men, January 14, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-34)
Meeting minutes between incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Discusses role of the Co-ordinating Committee within the Camp, and the rejection of employees from camp jobs. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0034
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, March 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-69)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, March 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-69)
Memo regarding new list of fielders. Presents list of active, terminated, and new fielders and messengers of the committee, including dates of entry and termination. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0069
Tule Lake Center Diary, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-29)
doc Tule Lake Center Diary, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-29)
Daily diary for March, written by Co-ordinating Committee Secretary Byron Akitsuki at Tule Lake Camp. Primarily describes various unrest and incidents in different blocks, especially Ward 6. Also includes memos and messages sent, release of prisoners from army stockades, and committee member meetings. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Relocation Center standard description, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) (ddr-csujad-2-77)
doc Relocation Center standard description, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) (ddr-csujad-2-77)
Description for Position #X-1007, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) includes general description, distinguishing features from other clerk positions, and examples of work. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0077
[Minutes of the joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 7,1944] (ddr-csujad-2-22)
doc [Minutes of the joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 7,1944] (ddr-csujad-2-22)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Describes change to transportation equipment in the center and vandalism within the public school. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0022
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, [1944] (ddr-csujad-2-98)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, [1944] (ddr-csujad-2-98)
List of names, addresses, family numbers, and start dates of active fielders (in subject line, the job title is spelled "fiedlers" but is elsewhere spelled correctly); start dates of the 32 fielders range from January 13, 1944 to February 4, 1944. Names: Hamada, Isao; Nakanishi, Yoichi; Iwohara, Tsugio; Okamoto, Chiyoko; Keiunji, Masaru; Sakai, Masayoshi; Oda, Yoshitsugu; ...
Newell Star printers (ddr-csujad-3-20)
img Newell Star printers (ddr-csujad-3-20)
Group photograph, including Toshio Oku, of the publication printers in the print shop of the Newell Star weekly newspaper printed for the Tule Lake segregation camp. The group has printed stacks of Vol. III, no. 2 of the Newell Star next to them. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Toshio Oku printing (ddr-csujad-3-21)
img Toshio Oku printing (ddr-csujad-3-21)
Toshio Oku prints the weekly newspaper at Tule Lake using a mimeograph machine. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_022
Letter from Ed Bethune, Personnel Technician, United States Department of the Interior War Relocation Authority, November 7, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-101)
doc Letter from Ed Bethune, Personnel Technician, United States Department of the Interior War Relocation Authority, November 7, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-101)
A recommendation letter for Hatsuno Hotty Okine written by Ed Bethune, United States Department of the Interior War Relocation Authority, who is her supervisor when she is employed in "the Evacuee Personnel Section of the Rohwer Relocation Center." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_31_001
[Mess hall, the Rohwer incarceration camp] (ddr-csujad-5-306)
img [Mess hall, the Rohwer incarceration camp] (ddr-csujad-5-306)
A photograph of the incarcerees who work for the mess hall in the Rohwer incarceration camp. Includes Makoto Okine. A photograph from "Dorothy Ai Aoki photo album" (csudh_oki_0300), page 12. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_08_012_001
Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
doc Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
Oral history interview with Johnny and Yo Niizawa. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NIIZAWA_JOHNNY_AND_YO
Mr. Jiro Omata and Mrs. Tsune Lee (ddr-csujad-8-59)
doc Mr. Jiro Omata and Mrs. Tsune Lee (ddr-csujad-8-59)
Oral history interview with Mr. Jiro Omata and Mrs. Tsune Lee. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Omata, Mr Jiro and Lee, Mrs Tsune
Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
doc Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
Oral history interview with Aiko Bessie Ezaki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ezaki, Bessie
George Masumi Sakai (ddr-csujad-8-95)
doc George Masumi Sakai (ddr-csujad-8-95)
Oral history interview with George Masumi Sakai. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sakai, George Masumi
Dr. Fusaji Inada (ddr-csujad-8-26)
doc Dr. Fusaji Inada (ddr-csujad-8-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Fusaji Inada. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Inada, Dr Fusaji
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