Work and jobs

Both Issei and Nisei took jobs within the camps, at wages set not to exceed soldiers' pay: $12 per month for unskilled labor, $16 for skilled labor, and $19 for professional employees. WRA staff was paid much more for the same jobs. Though public opinion mandated such low pay, dissatisfied Japanese Americans objected to losing their right to make a decent living. They had to use their sparse income for necessities, such as warm clothing and shoes.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (601)
Work and jobs (670)

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Amache Silk Screen Shop

670 items
Former Californian K. Inoye operates hand saw (ddr-csujad-14-17)
img Former Californian K. Inoye operates hand saw (ddr-csujad-14-17)
Former Californian K. Inoye operates hand saw in cabinet shop at Jerome incarceration camp. March 12, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_017
Cooperative beauty salon at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-42)
img Cooperative beauty salon at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-42)
Cooperative beauty salon at Granada incarceration camp. December 11, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f07
Two incarcerees learning to run a steam shovel at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-39)
img Two incarcerees learning to run a steam shovel at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-39)
Two incarcerees learning to run a steam shovel at Granada incarceration camp. December 9, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f04
Administrative instruction, no. 22, July 20, 1942 (ddr-csujad-18-8)
doc Administrative instruction, no. 22, July 20, 1942 (ddr-csujad-18-8)
This document discusses about the temporary procedures fro issuance of permits to individuals or single families to leave relocation centers for employment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: RSG_01-01_05
Japanese American News Clippings, August 1943 (ddr-csujad-19-16)
doc Japanese American News Clippings, August 1943 (ddr-csujad-19-16)
This document contains news clippings and articles about Japanese Americans from different tabloids describing significant events like the "first Mass Evacuation" which took place in the United States and how the Japanese people adjusted to the new way of life in the War Relocation Centers during the period of August 1943. See this object in the …
Obstetric at the camp hospital (ddr-csujad-26-128)
img Obstetric at the camp hospital (ddr-csujad-26-128)
An obstetric nurse holds a baby. Verso reads, "Obstetric at the camp hospital." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_098
Personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-44)
doc Personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-44)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including social and cultural differences, personality conflicts, friendships, social interactions, school, dogs, memories, reflections on camp life, weather, a friend in the military visiting his parents in camp, hobbies, and opinions about other people and daily life. Each entry …
Farm workers (ddr-csujad-26-139)
img Farm workers (ddr-csujad-26-139)
Photo of farm workers appearing to harvest a crop. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_109
Man with crate of produce (ddr-csujad-26-95)
img Man with crate of produce (ddr-csujad-26-95)
A farmer poses with a full crate of produce. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_032
Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
img Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
Photo of a young Japanese American man on a tractor. Barracks building are seen in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_101
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan. …
Hospital pharmacy (ddr-densho-15-87)
img Hospital pharmacy (ddr-densho-15-87)
Mr. Izui (left) and a colleague inside the hospital pharmacy.
Japanese Americans playing cards at the fire station (ddr-densho-15-59)
img Japanese Americans playing cards at the fire station (ddr-densho-15-59)
This is the interior of Fire Station Number 1. Left to right: (first name unknown) Hikida, unidentified, Yoshio Akada, and Mr. Sano. The fire station was one of the few buildings with a refrigerator. Mr. Sano owned the bathhouse underneath the Panama Hotel in Seattle, Washington, before World War II.
[Minutes of the special meeting of the divisional heads of the Tule Lake Center, January 22, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-16)
doc [Minutes of the special meeting of the divisional heads of the Tule Lake Center, January 22, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-16)
Minutes of divisional heads of the Tule Lake Center. Describes formal recognition of Co-ordinating committee by Camp Director Raymond Best and Military Police Commander Colonel Verne Austin, release 26 prisoners from army stockades, and details of employment and work opportunities. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0016
Letter from Willard E. Schmidt, Internal Security Officer, to Earl D. Brooks, Personnel Division, War Relocation Authority, [December, 1943] (ddr-csujad-2-87)
doc Letter from Willard E. Schmidt, Internal Security Officer, to Earl D. Brooks, Personnel Division, War Relocation Authority, [December, 1943] (ddr-csujad-2-87)
Draft of the letter. Concerns job descriptions for Internal Security staffing; contains extensive handwritten annotations. See "Correspondence regarding need for Internal Security staff, December, 1943" found in item, sjs_sch_0085, for the final draft of the letter, dated December 16, 1943. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0087
[Photograph of camp police] (ddr-csujad-2-103)
[Photograph of camp police] (ddr-csujad-2-103)
A black and white photograph that shows some of the camp civilian police force. The civilian police were largely made up of Japanese incarcerees. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0103
[Minutes of the regular meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, February 25, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-28)
doc [Minutes of the regular meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, February 25, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-28)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Includes discussion of release of prisoners from army stockades, especially who to target for releasing, and lack of employment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0028
Tule Lake Camp group photograph (ddr-csujad-2-67)
img Tule Lake Camp group photograph (ddr-csujad-2-67)
Appears to be group photograph of internal security officers at Tule Lake Camp. Photograph includes Willard Schmidt, Chief of Internal Security at Tule Lake Camp. Includes list of members in photograph. Names from left to right: Seventh Row: Okino, Y., Kato, J., Taniguchi, S., Yoshihara, D., Asada, E., Yamakawa, M., Yoshihara, G., Iwawaki, H., Yokoyama, K., …
[Minutes of the special meeting of the divisional heads of the Tule Lake Center, January 12, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-33)
doc [Minutes of the special meeting of the divisional heads of the Tule Lake Center, January 12, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-33)
Meeting minutes of incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government. Discusses plans for incarcerees to go back to work toward the end of the martial law period in the camp, a hunger strike, and the official formation of the Co-ordinating Committee. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0033
[New Officer
doc [New Officer "Onus Probandi"] with note from Fred J. Graves, Chief of Internal Security at Gila River (ddr-csujad-2-2)
Training manual for new police officers written by Fred J. Graves, Chief of Internal Security at the Gila River incarceration camp. Includes handwritten note from Graves to Schmidt. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0002
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, April 7, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-74)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, April 7, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-74)
Memo regarding resignation. Stating that the Center has returned to a state of "normalcy" including the return of approximately 2,000 ex-employees to work, it declares the dissolution of the Co-ordinating Committee, in order to make way for the election by all incarcerees ("the entire colonists' vote") of a new responsible body. The memo is signed by …
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