Work and jobs

Both Issei and Nisei took jobs within the camps, at wages set not to exceed soldiers' pay: $12 per month for unskilled labor, $16 for skilled labor, and $19 for professional employees. WRA staff was paid much more for the same jobs. Though public opinion mandated such low pay, dissatisfied Japanese Americans objected to losing their right to make a decent living. They had to use their sparse income for necessities, such as warm clothing and shoes.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (595)
Work and jobs (669)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Amache Silk Screen Shop

669 items
Manzanar From Inside Out (ddr-csujad-19-2)
doc Manzanar From Inside Out (ddr-csujad-19-2)
Text of address by Roy Nash, Director of the Manzanar War Relocation Project, given to the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, on July 31, 1942 for the purpose of "interpret[ing] the actuality of a War Relocation Center housing 10,000 evacuees" in view of perceptions of mistreatment of incarcerees in California. Sections of the speech include …
Chapter 6 and 7 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-34)
doc Chapter 6 and 7 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-34)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including living in barracks, block noise, lack of privacy, mess hall dining, nosy neighbors, jobs, leisure time, sports, movies, church attendance, the Young Buddhist Association (YBA), family dynamics, social changes, dating, and rumors. Each entry includes the full date …
Tule Lake monograph (ddr-csujad-26-1)
doc Tule Lake monograph (ddr-csujad-26-1)
Unpublished manuscript includes a collection of diary entries, letters, and essays written by school students incarcerated at the Tule Lake camp and collected through the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). The writings include first-person descriptions of travel to the Tule Lake camp, adapting to camp, limitations of camp, day-to-day camp life, family life, community …
Cooperatively owned canteen (ddr-csujad-26-130)
img Cooperatively owned canteen (ddr-csujad-26-130)
Photo of people working and shopping inside a canteen. Goods are seen divided by type. Verso reads "cooperatively owned canteen." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_100
Messhalls in Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-26-23)
doc Messhalls in Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-26-23)
Report describing the mess halls of Tule Lake including: administrative organization, operations, personnel, duties, conflicts, wages, food procurement and distribution, food preparation, schedules, sample menus, dietary accommodations, food rationing and shortages, seating capacity, seating arrangements and systems, utensils, and incarceree attendance. The report analyzes workers and incarceree behaviors, status, mental faculties, disposition, religion, age, and gender. …
Procurement and Shoe Rationing [Department] (ddr-csujad-26-106)
img Procurement and Shoe Rationing [Department] (ddr-csujad-26-106)
Letter from David O'Kane describing provenance and donating the included photo of the Procurement an Shoe Rationing Department at Tule Lake camp to Special Collections at Cal State Hayward. The photo features a group of five Japanese American women with five Caucasian men and women. The verso of the photo reads, "This was taken just before …
Three men and chickens (ddr-csujad-26-132)
img Three men and chickens (ddr-csujad-26-132)
Photo of three Japanese American men in front of a chicken coop with chickens. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_102
Japanese Americans picking vegetables (ddr-densho-15-80)
img Japanese Americans picking vegetables (ddr-densho-15-80)
This farm may have belonged to a local Japanese American farmer.
Japanese American preparing meal (ddr-densho-15-70)
img Japanese American preparing meal (ddr-densho-15-70)
Jim Shiga, well-known for his cooking skills, prepares a meal in the camp's warehouse kitchen.
Camp worker's paycheck (ddr-densho-25-16)
doc Camp worker's paycheck (ddr-densho-25-16)
Mae Iseri was originally from Thomas, Washington, where her parents ran a small store and berry farm. After being held at the Pinedale Assembly Center in California, Mae was detained at the Tule Lake concentration camp, California, where she worked as a physical education teacher. This was her first paycheck, which she never cashed.
Japanese Americans clearing sagebrush (ddr-densho-37-703)
img Japanese Americans clearing sagebrush (ddr-densho-37-703)
Original WRA caption: A farm rake pulled by a Fordon-Ferguson tractor gathers up sagebrush previously bladed off by a road patrol.
Camp beauty shop (ddr-densho-37-16)
img Camp beauty shop (ddr-densho-37-16)
Original WRA caption: High school girls working part time in [the] beauty shop, which is operated by the Minidoka Consumers Cooperative.
Japanese American harvesting spinach (ddr-densho-37-606)
img Japanese American harvesting spinach (ddr-densho-37-606)
Original WRA caption: Gila River Relocation Center, Rivers, Arizona. Momayo Yamamoto in the spinach harvesting field at this relocation center.
Camp street construction (ddr-densho-37-410)
img Camp street construction (ddr-densho-37-410)
Original WRA caption: Manzanar, California. A street is being constructed at this War Relocation Authority center for evacuees of Japanese ancestry.
Japanese Americans feeding cows (ddr-densho-37-604)
img Japanese Americans feeding cows (ddr-densho-37-604)
Original WRA caption: Gila River Relocation Center, Rivers, Arizona. M. Fujita is pictured feeding the cows at the dairy farm school. He works days on the hog farm, and spends his evenings at the school to learn milking and the care of the cows. Prior to evacuation, he was a builder of fishing boats at San …
Japanese American clearing land (ddr-densho-37-706)
img Japanese American clearing land (ddr-densho-37-706)
Original WRA caption: An evacuee drives a heavy tractor pulling a triangle of heavy railroad irons breaking off sagebrush. This is one of the methods of clearing off land of the sagebrush adjacent to the Minidoka Relocation Center.
Raising cucumbers (ddr-densho-37-161)
img Raising cucumbers (ddr-densho-37-161)
Chemicals were used to grow the cucumbers shown here.
Japanese Americans unloading coal (ddr-densho-37-348)
img Japanese Americans unloading coal (ddr-densho-37-348)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Evacuee workers unload coal at Staley Junction, which is the rail head for this center. This coal is used by the residents during the extreamely [sic] cold winters which northern California offers.
Fire crew (ddr-densho-37-693)
img Fire crew (ddr-densho-37-693)
Original WRA caption: The fire crew of station #1 swings into action.
Japanese Americans working in a field (ddr-densho-37-709)
img Japanese Americans working in a field (ddr-densho-37-709)
Original WRA caption: Junior High School boys and girls of Hunt pull onions on the project farm during harvest vacation.
Japanese Americans distributing scrap lumber (ddr-densho-37-360)
img Japanese Americans distributing scrap lumber (ddr-densho-37-360)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Evacuees distribute scrap lumber to each block. This scrap will be used by the residents to construct furniture for their apartments and also for firewood.