Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

Living conditions (714)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

714 items
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 12 (August 19, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-10)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 12 (August 19, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-10)
Selected article titles: "Ice Shortage Due to Army Demand Affects Co-Op" (p. 1), "Wanted: Sales Clerks to Replace Tule Lake Transferees" (p. 1), "Salt Lake Tribune: Block Managers Aid in Distribution" (p. 1), "Withdrawls from Bank can be Made at Any Time" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 10 (August 5, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-8)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 10 (August 5, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-8)
Selected article titles: "Transferees to Receive Rebates at Same Time as Other Members" (p. 1), ""WPB Rule Cuts Deliveries of Salt Lake Tribune" (p. 1), "Policy on Exchange of Dry Goods Stated" (p. 1).
Permit to use a hot plate (ddr-densho-324-58)
doc Permit to use a hot plate (ddr-densho-324-58)
A permit allowing the Uno's to use a hot plate in their Tule Lake barracks for dietary reasons.
Apartment room (ddr-hmwf-1-235)
img Apartment room (ddr-hmwf-1-235)
"Apartment room with clothes and furniture, 29-5-B, Jan 12 1945" Flash f8 1/100
Ice Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-550)
img Ice Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-550)
Men, women, and children ice skating with barracks in background
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-292)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-292)
"Isao Nakaishi 29-24-D, Aug 31 1944" as described on back, f8 1/50 Verichrome G3
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-579)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-579)
View of camp with Heart Mountain in background
Family Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-552)
img Family Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-552)
"Nellie Yamamoto, Arthur Yamamoto, 29-3-D, Jan 12 1945, Flash f8 1/100 PlusX" as described on back, family portrait in barracks room, Arthur in military uniform
Woman Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-424)
img Woman Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-424)
"Emi Tsubai, 24-4-E, July 9-1944, l20 f19 1/50 G3, SuperpanPress D76-46', Kodabromide G3" as described on back
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-307)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-307)
"June 2 1944" l8 f4.5 1/25, SuperpanPress D76-37
Girl Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-477)
img Girl Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-477)
Girl ice skating with barracks in background
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-312)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-312)
"Picture of a Baby" l18 f9 1/50 G3
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-577)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-577)
"Dec 27-1944" as described on back, View of camp with Heart Mountain in background, Heart Mt. Block 24,25,29,30 intersection
Girl posing by tree (ddr-hmwf-1-95)
img Girl posing by tree (ddr-hmwf-1-95)
"Sumiko Minato posing by tree beside barracks"
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