Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)
Living conditions (974)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

974 items
Memo from multiple incarcerees to the Co-ordinating Committee, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-89)
doc Memo from multiple incarcerees to the Co-ordinating Committee, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-89)
States that the incarcerees wish to see "normalcy re-established" and peace and cooperation preserved between the Administration and the "Colony" in the Tule Lake incarceration camp, pledging support for the Co-ordinating Committee's efforts to attain peace at the camp. A handwritten annotation next to one of the people's names provides his or her release date. Names ...
Report on incarcerees stealing plasterboard (ddr-csujad-2-51)
doc Report on incarcerees stealing plasterboard (ddr-csujad-2-51)
Report on three incarcerees accused of stealing plasterboard at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp in order to make closets in their apartments. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0051
Tule Lake panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-9)
img Tule Lake panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-9)
Photograph of Tule Lake camp showing expanse of camp including buildings, barracks, watch towers, and railways within the basin landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_010
Tule Lake perimeter landscape (ddr-csujad-3-7)
img Tule Lake perimeter landscape (ddr-csujad-3-7)
Panoramic photograph of a part of the perimeter of Tule Lake with buildings, telephone poles, fencing and watch towers lining up in the distance. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_007
Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. Thomas, September 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-4-13)
doc Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. Thomas, September 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-4-13)
A letter from Usami Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Mr. Thomas in Lawndale, California. It details his journey from the Santa Anita temporary assembly center, California, to the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas, describing the route and what he saw along the way. He also describes the conditions of the incarceration camp. See ...
Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, May 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-4-20)
doc Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, May 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-4-20)
A letter from Emiko Amy Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Miss Laura Thomas in Lawndale, California. In the letter, Emiko describes her life in the camp, such as planting vegetables and flowers in the garden. She also tries to purchase camera film, but describes the situation that they "have hard time to ...
Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, August 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-4-12)
doc Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, August 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-4-12)
A letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Miss Laura Thomas. The letter contains basic correspondence between the two individuals, talking about family members, the weather, and school. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nis_06_013
[High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
img [High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
A group photograph of the incarcerees standing in front of a barrack, 27-12-D, in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. It appears to be taken during the high school graduation ceremony. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_05_032
Shim Hiraoka interview (ddr-csujad-6-5)
doc Shim Hiraoka interview (ddr-csujad-6-5)
Oral history interview with Shim Hiraoka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HIRAOKA_SHIM
Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
doc Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
Oral history interview with Anne Moore. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MOORE_ANNE
Lloyd Kurihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-15)
doc Lloyd Kurihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-15)
Oral history interview with Lloyd Kurihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KURIHARA_LLOYD
Ordinance no. 1 (ddr-csujad-7-28)
doc Ordinance no. 1 (ddr-csujad-7-28)
An ordinance regulating offenses (crimes) in the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Ordinance_NO1
Amache directory (ddr-csujad-7-17)
doc Amache directory (ddr-csujad-7-17)
Directory of the administrative and education staff and incarcerees at the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Amache Directory
Amache summer carnival program (ddr-csujad-7-18)
doc Amache summer carnival program (ddr-csujad-7-18)
Program listing events and showing locations for a carnival put on by the incarcerees at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Amache Summer Carnival
Sign in field at an incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-7-15)
img Sign in field at an incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-7-15)
Sign in field at an incarceration camp: "Stop-Area limits for persons of Japanese ancestry residing in this relocation center. Sentry on duty." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_JA_f15
Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
doc Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Akiko Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Mrs Akiko
Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
doc Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
Oral history interview with Dr. George Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Dr George
Chester and Akiko Lillian Sasashima (ddr-csujad-8-97)
doc Chester and Akiko Lillian Sasashima (ddr-csujad-8-97)
Oral history interview with Chester and Akiko Lillian Sasashima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sasashima, Chester and Lillian
Mr. Kazuo Hiyama (ddr-csujad-8-22)
doc Mr. Kazuo Hiyama (ddr-csujad-8-22)
Oral history interview with Mr. Kazuo Hiyama. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hiyama, Mr Kazuo
Harley Mitsugi Nakamura (ddr-csujad-8-50)
doc Harley Mitsugi Nakamura (ddr-csujad-8-50)
Oral history interview with Harley Mitsugi Nakamura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakamura, Harley Mitsugi
Mrs. Shinobu Mikami (ddr-csujad-8-41)
doc Mrs. Shinobu Mikami (ddr-csujad-8-41)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Shinobu Mikami. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Mikami, Mrs Shinobu
Ena Okonogi Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-8-96)
doc Ena Okonogi Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-8-96)
Oral history interview with Ena Okonogi Sakamoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sakamoto, Ena Okonogi
John Kubota (ddr-csujad-8-31)
doc John Kubota (ddr-csujad-8-31)
Oral history interview with John Kubota. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kubota, John
View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
img View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
A row of barracks or some other structures at the Tule Lake incarceration camp are photographed from inside a vehicle. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Cruising along streets of Camp Tulelake during Jap disturbance in Nov. 43." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_010
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