Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

Living conditions (954)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

947 items
The Tule Lake WRA Center Information Bulletin (February 22, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-4)
doc The Tule Lake WRA Center Information Bulletin (February 22, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-4)
Selected article titles: "Gov't to Continue Efforts to Reunite Those Interned" (p. 1) and "Welcome, Manzanites!" (p. 2).
Christmas Party (ddr-hmwf-1-463)
img Christmas Party (ddr-hmwf-1-463)
"Christmas Party 29-30 Mess Hall, Dec 25-1943, Bud Aoyama Project Photographer" as described on back
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-562)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-562)
"Heart Mt. from 29-5, Jan 3 1945 10:00am, l19 f12.7 1/10E PlusX DK20-45, 76-12" as described on back
Christmas Party (ddr-hmwf-1-464)
img Christmas Party (ddr-hmwf-1-464)
"Christmas Party 29-30 Mess Hall, Dec 25-1943" as described on back
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-294)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-294)
"Isao Nakaishi 29-24-D, Aug 31 1944" as described on back, f8 1/50 Verichrome G3
Ice Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-479)
img Ice Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-479)
Children ice skating together with barracks in background
Flowers (ddr-hmwf-1-93)
img Flowers (ddr-hmwf-1-93)
"Flowers mess 29-27, May 3 1943, Geveart cut" as described on back, l5 f5.6-1sec, DK20-20min, #2- 200 counts
Lunch in Mess Hall (ddr-hmwf-1-134)
img Lunch in Mess Hall (ddr-hmwf-1-134)
"Mess Hall - lunch, 29-27 Jan 16 1944" as described on back" Men eating lunch, Speed Graphic-Flash, f11 1/100
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-568)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-568)
"Heart Mt 29-6-F Laundry, Jan 8-1945, l18 f19 1/1- G3, PlusX DK20-45 76-12" as described on back
Boys posing (ddr-hmwf-1-320)
img Boys posing (ddr-hmwf-1-320)
"Inouye 29-23-CD Jan 1 1944" l4 f4.5 1/5 SuperXX DK20-50' D76-15'
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-289)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-289)
"Aug 25 1944" f4.5 1/25 Superpan Press G3
Camp Maintenance (ddr-hmwf-1-70)
img Camp Maintenance (ddr-hmwf-1-70)
"Men maintaining camp areas" xx Super Ikonta B, April 8-1944
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-296)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-296)
"Isao Nakaishi 29-24-D, Aug 31 1944" as described on back, f8 1/50 Verichrome G3
Hospital Complex (ddr-hmwf-1-208)
img Hospital Complex (ddr-hmwf-1-208)
"Heart Mt. Hospital Unit Dec. 27 1944" as described on back, l20 f19 1/5 K2 Verichrome D76 - 50'
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-572)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-572)
View of camp with Heart Mountain in background
Woman and Child (ddr-hmwf-1-418)
img Woman and Child (ddr-hmwf-1-418)
Young woman walking with child, Heart Mountain in the background
Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-47)
img Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-47)
"Coal- 29-27, Jan 11, 1944 morning" as described on back, Super xx Super Ikonta B, DK20-45', D76 70'
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-291)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-291)
"Isao Nakaishi 29-24-D, Aug 31 1944" as described on back, f8 1/50 Verichrome G3
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