Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Kibei (105)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

105 items
Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-221)
img Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-221)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Yuka and Michi [Yasui] sitting, and wearing kimono. Michi is holding a cloth parasol. This is a very cute picture, and I'd guess that Yuka was around 3 years old then."
Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-296)
img Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-296)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Posed group photo of another YPCC [Young People's Christian Conference], this time at the Centenary-Wilbur Church which was on the eastside of Portland." Caption on front of photograph: "Fourth Oregon Sectional Y.P.C.C. Centenary - Wilbur Church, Portland, Oregon, March 28-29, 1936."
Portrait of a Nisei boy (ddr-densho-259-259)
img Portrait of a Nisei boy (ddr-densho-259-259)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Young Nisei boy wearing a necktie and a pullover sweater. This was 'George' Yutaka Iwasa, the only child of Inosuke and Haruye Iwasa. They lived in the Belmont district of Hood River."
Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-4-4)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-4-4)
Returning to the United States

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-4-2)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-4-2)
Reasons for being taken to Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

School photo (ddr-densho-321-924)
img School photo (ddr-densho-321-924)
Caption in album: "Good Ol' School Days / Kiku Fujii's class in Hakata, / Fukuoka, Japan / 1913-1921."
Group portrait of Japanese boys (ddr-densho-325-190)
img Group portrait of Japanese boys (ddr-densho-325-190)
Each student's name is written on the photograph. From left to right Imao, Shiyouiti, Sumito, and Minoru. On the far right is a line of smudged Japanese text.
Class portrait (ddr-densho-325-195)
img Class portrait (ddr-densho-325-195)
A class portrait of an all boys school in Japan where Sumito Horiuchi was education in the 1930s.
Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-45-10)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-45-10)
Comparing education in the United States and Japan: military focus in Japan
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 52 (ddr-densho-1000-153-52)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 52 (ddr-densho-1000-153-52)
Description of relationship between Kibei and Nisei at Camp Savage, Minnesota; thoughts on the level of Japanese language education at the language school

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some ...

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-153-27)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-153-27)
Discussion of discrimination experienced by Kibei at the hands of some Nisei who had never been to Japan

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are ...

Asano Terao Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-109-17)
vh Asano Terao Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-109-17)
Clashing opinions; disagreeing with the Kibeis' belief that Japan would win the war (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese and was translated so as to convey Mrs. Terao's way of speaking as closely as possible. For example, there are instances in which she makes some grammatical errors. These mistakes are conveyed through similar ...

Family (ddr-densho-258-97)
img Family (ddr-densho-258-97)
Family posing outside, multiple generations, with a young man in a military uniform. Caption below: "Yukio, Shiz, Hanako, & Akira Aramaki." Inscription: "Dear One-san, Love Hanako."
img "Girls from Dee" (ddr-densho-259-272)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Five Nisei girls who lived in Dee [Oregon]. This picture was taken on the south side of the old Dee Japanese Community Hall. I can identify Mikie Kageyama and Hannah Kinoshita but I don't recognize the other three."
George Koshi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-1-3)
vh George Koshi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-1-3)
Spending ten years in Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Memo from the office of John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-58)
doc Memo from the office of John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-58)
Memo from the office of John J. McCloy to an unknown recipient regarding transfer of Hawaiian Kibei to Tule Lake. Author states that Kibei cannot be transferred due to lack of facilities and the fear that the Kibei will add to a growing militant section of internees. This would be problematic because the Japanese military might ...
Hiroko Nakashima Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-69-14)
vh Hiroko Nakashima Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-69-14)
Returning to America following the war, meeting other Kibei on the ship
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