Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (44)
Kibei (94)

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Harry Ueno

94 items
Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-4-2)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-4-2)
Reasons for being taken to Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-4-4)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-4-4)
Returning to the United States

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-153-27)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-153-27)
Discussion of discrimination experienced by Kibei at the hands of some Nisei who had never been to Japan

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are ...

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 52 (ddr-densho-1000-153-52)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 52 (ddr-densho-1000-153-52)
Description of relationship between Kibei and Nisei at Camp Savage, Minnesota; thoughts on the level of Japanese language education at the language school

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some ...

Portrait of a Nisei boy (ddr-densho-259-259)
img Portrait of a Nisei boy (ddr-densho-259-259)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Young Nisei boy wearing a necktie and a pullover sweater. This was 'George' Yutaka Iwasa, the only child of Inosuke and Haruye Iwasa. They lived in the Belmont district of Hood River."
Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-296)
img Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-296)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Posed group photo of another YPCC [Young People's Christian Conference], this time at the Centenary-Wilbur Church which was on the eastside of Portland." Caption on front of photograph: "Fourth Oregon Sectional Y.P.C.C. Centenary - Wilbur Church, Portland, Oregon, March 28-29, 1936."
Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-221)
img Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-221)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Yuka and Michi [Yasui] sitting, and wearing kimono. Michi is holding a cloth parasol. This is a very cute picture, and I'd guess that Yuka was around 3 years old then."
Asano Terao Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-109-17)
vh Asano Terao Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-109-17)
Clashing opinions; disagreeing with the Kibeis' belief that Japan would win the war (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese and was translated so as to convey Mrs. Terao's way of speaking as closely as possible. For example, there are instances in which she makes some grammatical errors. These mistakes are conveyed through similar ...

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-45-10)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-45-10)
Comparing education in the United States and Japan: military focus in Japan
George Koshi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-1-3)
vh George Koshi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-1-3)
Spending ten years in Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Family (ddr-densho-258-97)
img Family (ddr-densho-258-97)
Family posing outside, multiple generations, with a young man in a military uniform. Caption below: "Yukio, Shiz, Hanako, & Akira Aramaki." Inscription: "Dear One-san, Love Hanako."
img "Girls from Dee" (ddr-densho-259-272)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Five Nisei girls who lived in Dee [Oregon]. This picture was taken on the south side of the old Dee Japanese Community Hall. I can identify Mikie Kageyama and Hannah Kinoshita but I don't recognize the other three."
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-153-11)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-153-11)
A serious altercation with a Japanese schoolmate over name-calling

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves as such.

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-153-10)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-153-10)
Attending elementary school in Japan, encountering discrimination as an American immigrant

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves ...

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 53 (ddr-densho-1000-153-53)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 53 (ddr-densho-1000-153-53)
Dynamic between Kibei and Nisei at the MIS language school

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves as ...

George Fugami Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-7-8)
vh George Fugami Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-7-8)
Returning to Japan, a daughter's promise fulfilled and grandson's dismay
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-153-12)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-153-12)
Description of middle school in Japan, involvement in compulsory military training

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves ...

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