Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Kibei (242)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

242 items
Picnic with Takedas (ddr-densho-258-4)
img Picnic with Takedas (ddr-densho-258-4)
Family sitting outside. Caption above and on photo: "Picnic with Takedas, Mom, Jo, Ernie."
Young people's church gathering (ddr-densho-259-282)
img Young people's church gathering (ddr-densho-259-282)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Some sort of young Nisei gathering taken in front of the Hood River Riverside Church, a Congregational church Since both the Reverends Lester Bond, the then-pastor at Riverside, and Taro Goto are shown, I figure that this was some sort of a young peoples' church gathering, mostly likely a YPCC [Young People's ...
Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-287)
img Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-287)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "A sectional Young People's Christian Conference (YPCC) which was held in Yakima, WA, February 23, 1935."
Nisei brother and sister with dog (ddr-densho-259-224)
img Nisei brother and sister with dog (ddr-densho-259-224)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "This picture shows Yuka and me sitting on the ground in front of the large maple tree in our back yard near the old garage. Our dog, Mike, is sitting in front of us This dog Mike, was Grandpa Yasui [Shinataro Yasui]'s all time favorite. He used to follow Dad [Masuo Yasui] ...
Message to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-57)
doc Message to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-57)
Message from unknown source to John J. McCloy on Kibei in Hawaii. Discusses the professed loyalty or disloyalty to the U.S. of the Kibei - author states that all Kibei are probably disloyal. Requests transfer of interned, "loyal" Hawaiian Kibei to mainland camps because if those loyal Kibei filed a writ of habeas corpus in Hawaii, ...
Nisei teachers and family (ddr-densho-310-5)
img Nisei teachers and family (ddr-densho-310-5)
Osaki family portrait. (Front row, left to right) Lora Wahl, Husband Osaki, Etsuko Osaki, Lynn Hishinuma (Back row, left to right) Jill Standridge, Alan Osaki, Dean Osaki
Group of Issei and Nisei in front of barrack (ddr-densho-310-2)
img Group of Issei and Nisei in front of barrack (ddr-densho-310-2)
Ichikawa family in front of their barrack at Minidoka concentration camp. Also pictured are family friends, Yahachi Suzuki and Mr. Hino. (Front Row, left to right) Akira Ichikawa, Hiroko Ichikawa (Back Row, left to right) Satoru Ichikawa, Mr. Hino, Etsuko Ichikawa, Yasashi Ichikawa, Shinya Ichikawa (In Yasahi's arms), Kazuya Ichikawa, Noriko Ichikawa, Yahachi Suzuki
George Koshi Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1008-1-1)
vh George Koshi Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1008-1-1)
Description of siblings

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-4-3)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-4-3)
Comparing education in the United States and Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Minoru
vh Minoru "Min" Tsubota Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-149-25)
Discussion of the Kibei at Fort Bliss, Texas, memories of clashes with Caucasian soldiers
Minoru Kiyota Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-36-4)
vh Minoru Kiyota Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-36-4)
Developing respect and admiration for the Japanese while attending school in Japan, description of Japanese values and culture

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Tule Lake Pilgrimage held at Klamath Falls, Oregon and at the site of Tule Lake incarceration camp in California. Given the limited time available during this event, the length and breadth ...

Minoru Kiyota Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-36-7)
vh Minoru Kiyota Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-36-7)
Contrasting U.S. and Japanese education

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Tule Lake Pilgrimage held at Klamath Falls, Oregon and at the site of Tule Lake incarceration camp in California. Given the limited time available during this event, the length and breadth of this interview are shorter than other Densho interviews.

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-153-21)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-153-21)
Difficulty of attending high school back in the U.S.: having to quickly learn U.S. history

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who ...

George Fugami Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-7-19)
vh George Fugami Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-7-19)
Deciding to return to the United States: no desire to be drafted into the Japanese army
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 46 (ddr-densho-1000-153-46)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 46 (ddr-densho-1000-153-46)
Feeling discriminated against as a Kibei

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves as such.

Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
doc Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
Oral history interview with Fred Hashimoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HASHIMOTO_FRED
API