Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (110)
Kibei (253)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

253 items
Memorial table for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-193)
img Memorial table for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-193)
A table decorated with a portrait of Takami Hibiya, the Seal of the Emperor of Japan medal, flowers, and a white cloth.
Nisei/Kibbei questionnaire (ddr-densho-122-896)
doc Nisei/Kibbei questionnaire (ddr-densho-122-896)
Draft questionaire to be given at Camp Harmony to start segregation process proposed by JACL. Was not used, or not successful.
Memo to Mr. Eisenhower at WRA from Mike Masaoka (ddr-densho-122-711)
doc Memo to Mr. Eisenhower at WRA from Mike Masaoka (ddr-densho-122-711)
Defining status of Kibei and Nisei family, and supporting segregation of Japanese Americans
George Koshi Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1008-1-1)
vh George Koshi Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1008-1-1)
Description of siblings

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

George Koshi Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-1-2)
vh George Koshi Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-1-2)
Father's early life in the United States

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

George Koshi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-1-3)
vh George Koshi Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-1-3)
Spending ten years in Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-4-2)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1008-4-2)
Reasons for being taken to Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-4-4)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-4-4)
Returning to the United States

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-4-3)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-4-3)
Comparing education in the United States and Japan

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1008-4-16)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1008-4-16)
A Kibei's perspective on reasons for incarceration of Japanese Americans

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-1-12)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-1-12)
Differences between Nisei and Kibei in regards to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"; personal reactions

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are ...

An oral history with Katsumi Kunitsugu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-66-1)
vh An oral history with Katsumi Kunitsugu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-66-1)
An oral interview with Katsumi Kunitsugu, longtime volunteer and leader in Little Tokyo. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Audio is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0163. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3378_F01
Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-45-16)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-45-16)
A Kibei perspective on U.S. military service and serving the occupation forces
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 46 (ddr-densho-1000-153-46)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 46 (ddr-densho-1000-153-46)
Feeling discriminated against as a Kibei

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves as such.

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-153-21)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-153-21)
Difficulty of attending high school back in the U.S.: having to quickly learn U.S. history

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who ...

George Fugami Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-7-19)
vh George Fugami Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-7-19)
Deciding to return to the United States: no desire to be drafted into the Japanese army
Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-45-10)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-45-10)
Comparing education in the United States and Japan: military focus in Japan
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