Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (110)
Kibei (253)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

253 items
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army service uniform (ddr-csujad-25-123)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army service uniform (ddr-csujad-25-123)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army service uniform with a metal eagle insignia hat. He poses with his nephew. The photograph is probably taken in Brighton, Colorado, where his parents reside. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_065
Taenaka family portrait (ddr-csujad-25-256)
img Taenaka family portrait (ddr-csujad-25-256)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page is a portrait of the Taenaka family taken in Los Angeles, California around 1930. Includes: Tamesaburo, Kamie, Haruko, Yaeko, Ukichi, Toshikuni, Chiyoko, and Saiko. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_09_01_051
Japanese American soldiers in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-111)
img Japanese American soldiers in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-111)
A photograph of Japanese American soldiers in US Army uniform. They pose sitting on the ground. The photograph is probably taken in Camp Savage, Minnesota. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_053
Taenaka family in a farm (ddr-csujad-25-91)
img Taenaka family in a farm (ddr-csujad-25-91)
A photograph of the Taenaka family in a farm, Brighton, Colorado. Includes Tamesaburo Taenaka, Kamie Taenaka, Ukichi Taenaka [?], and Yaeko Taenaka [?], harvesting sugar beets in McMorrow's farm. The same image is found in item: ucsb_jia_0081. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_033
Chapter 8, 9, 10 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-35)
doc Chapter 8, 9, 10 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-35)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including movies, dances, dissatisfaction with recreation, family dynamics, desire to leave camp, cultural and generational differences, and weather. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of a class assignment and collected for the ...
An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
av An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
Retired Kibei teacher recounts samurai parents' background and their immigration to Seattle, Washington; socioeconomic composition of Seattle's Japanese community; earlier teacher training; prewar stays in Japan as a child and as a tutor in a missionary family; experiences as a teacher in the wartime resettlement in New York; and postwar return to Los Angeles. This oral ...
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Lois (ddr-one-5-48)
Seven page letter to Kei Koyama from Lois at Minidoka dated March 8, 1943. The pages are thin and have water damage. The letter talks about religion (Buddhism and Christianity), the different between Nisei and Kibei, and many other topics about daily life at Minidoka.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-71)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 13, 1943. In place of postage, “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in the upper right corner. Along the top “9/20-43” is written in red pencil. Inside the envelope is a letter dated Sept 12, 1943. ...
Memo from the office of John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-58)
doc Memo from the office of John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-58)
Memo from the office of John J. McCloy to an unknown recipient regarding transfer of Hawaiian Kibei to Tule Lake. Author states that Kibei cannot be transferred due to lack of facilities and the fear that the Kibei will add to a growing militant section of internees. This would be problematic because the Japanese military might ...
Message to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-57)
doc Message to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-57)
Message from unknown source to John J. McCloy on Kibei in Hawaii. Discusses the professed loyalty or disloyalty to the U.S. of the Kibei - author states that all Kibei are probably disloyal. Requests transfer of interned, "loyal" Hawaiian Kibei to mainland camps because if those loyal Kibei filed a writ of habeas corpus in Hawaii, ...
Memo to John J. McCloy regarding Kibei in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-59)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy regarding Kibei in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-59)
Memo to John McCloy from unknown source regarding Hawaiian Kibei parolees. The author states that he had been paroling Kibei considered least dangerous and monitoring them as an alternative to transfering them to the mainland. This process only applied to a tiny population so the military would not be accused of "relaxing their vigilence." Author also ...
Siblings (ddr-densho-107-27)
img Siblings (ddr-densho-107-27)
All of Roy Matsumoto's siblings were born in the United States, but went to live in Japan. Left to right: (in chronological order) Takeshi, Tsutomu, Noboru, Harue, Isao, and Shizue.
School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-40)
img School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-40)
Students pose for a group photograph with a sign in Japanese. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-36)
img School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-36)
Students and a teacher pose for a group photograph. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-63)
img Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-63)
A Japanese hot spring that Phillip Okano visited while attending school in Japan between 1923-1933.
Portrait of  boy (ddr-densho-359-30)
img Portrait of boy (ddr-densho-359-30)
Japanese American boy poses for portrait in student uniform. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Overview of Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-61)
img Overview of Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-61)
A Japanese hot spring that Phillip Okano visited while attending school in Japan between 1923-1933.
School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-37)
img School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-37)
Students and a teacher pose for a group photograph. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Student portrait (ddr-densho-359-51)
img Student portrait (ddr-densho-359-51)
Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Three students (ddr-densho-359-84)
img Three students (ddr-densho-359-84)
Three boys pose in their school uniforms. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
API