Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Kibei (242)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

242 items
Ed Tsutakawa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-196-10)
vh Ed Tsutakawa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-196-10)
Thoughts on the Kibei

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Hiroko Nakashima Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-69-6)
vh Hiroko Nakashima Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-69-6)
Living in Japan: being told about the move, packing belongings
Hiroko Nakashima Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-69-25)
vh Hiroko Nakashima Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-69-25)
Always planning on returning to the U.S., having to wait out the war
Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-71)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 13, 1943. In place of postage, “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in the upper right corner. Along the top “9/20-43” is written in red pencil. Inside the envelope is a letter dated Sept 12, 1943. ...
An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
av An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
Retired Kibei teacher recounts samurai parents' background and their immigration to Seattle, Washington; socioeconomic composition of Seattle's Japanese community; earlier teacher training; prewar stays in Japan as a child and as a tutor in a missionary family; experiences as a teacher in the wartime resettlement in New York; and postwar return to Los Angeles. This oral ...
An oral history with Katsumi Kunitsugu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-66-1)
vh An oral history with Katsumi Kunitsugu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-66-1)
An oral interview with Katsumi Kunitsugu, longtime volunteer and leader in Little Tokyo. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Audio is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0163. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3378_F01
Minoru Kiyota Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-36-3)
vh Minoru Kiyota Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-36-3)
Resisting the Japanese way of teaching,"...regimentation, constant examination"

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Tule Lake Pilgrimage held at Klamath Falls, Oregon and at the site of Tule Lake incarceration camp in California. Given the limited time available during this event, the length and breadth of this interview are shorter than other Densho interviews.

Minoru Kiyota Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-36-6)
vh Minoru Kiyota Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-36-6)
Lingering lessons from the time spent in Japan

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Tule Lake Pilgrimage held at Klamath Falls, Oregon and at the site of Tule Lake incarceration camp in California. Given the limited time available during this event, the length and breadth of this interview are shorter than other Densho interviews.

Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Lois (ddr-one-5-48)
Seven page letter to Kei Koyama from Lois at Minidoka dated March 8, 1943. The pages are thin and have water damage. The letter talks about religion (Buddhism and Christianity), the different between Nisei and Kibei, and many other topics about daily life at Minidoka.
Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
doc Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
Oral history interview with Jane Tomeko Sugimura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sugimura, Jane Tomeko
Military exercise (ddr-densho-359-59)
img Military exercise (ddr-densho-359-59)
A group of students take part in a military exercise. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-36)
img School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-36)
Students and a teacher pose for a group photograph. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Student portrait (ddr-densho-359-51)
img Student portrait (ddr-densho-359-51)
Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
School grounds (ddr-densho-359-38)
img School grounds (ddr-densho-359-38)
Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-55)
img School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-55)
Students and a teacher pose for a group photograph. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-65)
img Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-65)
A Japanese hot spring that Phillip Okano visited while attending school in Japan between 1923-1933. This hot spring pool has a statue of demon.
Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-64)
img Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-64)
A Japanese hot spring that Phillip Okano visited while attending school in Japan between 1923-1933.
[Significant factors in requests for repatriation and expatriation] (ddr-csujad-2-57)
doc [Significant factors in requests for repatriation and expatriation] (ddr-csujad-2-57)
Report on the influx of repatriation to Japan requests from Manzanar Incarceration Camp. Report describes camp life in Tule Lake compared to Manzanar, special concerns with Kibei and Issei individuals, the draft, and family dilemma related to repatriation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0057
[Some reactions to selective service: Tule Lake] (ddr-csujad-2-58)
doc [Some reactions to selective service: Tule Lake] (ddr-csujad-2-58)
Report on selective service reactions at Tule Lake Camp. Report discusses Japanese identity compared to American identity, especially for the Nisei, repatriation requests, and draft evasion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0058
Ukichi Taenaka, Waseda University (ddr-csujad-25-277)
img Ukichi Taenaka, Waseda University (ddr-csujad-25-277)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page are eight photographs of Ukichi Taenaka and his classmates of Waseda University taken during the trip to Mount Mihara Desert, Izu Oshima, Japan. Caucasian participants are included. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_09_02_006
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