Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Kibei (242)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

242 items
Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-153-27)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-153-27)
Discussion of discrimination experienced by Kibei at the hands of some Nisei who had never been to Japan

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar ...

Asano Terao Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-109-17)
vh Asano Terao Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-109-17)
Clashing opinions; disagreeing with the Kibeis' belief that Japan would win the war (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese and was translated so as to convey Mrs. Terao's way of speaking as closely as possible. For example, there are instances in which she makes some grammatical errors. These mistakes are conveyed through similar grammatical ...

School photo (ddr-densho-321-924)
img School photo (ddr-densho-321-924)
Caption in album: "Good Ol' School Days / Kiku Fujii's class in Hakata, / Fukuoka, Japan / 1913-1921."
Letter from Masao Okine to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, July 24, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-151)
doc Letter from Masao Okine to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, July 24, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-151)
A letter from Masao Okine to his parents, Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. He writes from Japan where he is stationed as a Nisei soldier. In the letter, he writes about his duties as a jeep driver, working a night shift from 10PM to 6AM. He drives for Japanese coworkers who speak English and serve as interpreters ...
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
An oral history with Katsumi Kunitsugu (ddr-csujad-29-66)
vh An oral history with Katsumi Kunitsugu (ddr-csujad-29-66)
An oral interview with Katsumi Kunitsugu, longtime volunteer and leader in Little Tokyo. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0164. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3378_T01
Community analysis report, no. 8, January 28, 1944 (ddr-csujad-19-58)
doc Community analysis report, no. 8, January 28, 1944 (ddr-csujad-19-58)
This issue is titled as Japanese Americans educated in Japan. The document describes about what happened to the children who grew up in California for a while, then went to school in Japan and finally returned back to California. It emphasizes on what effect did living and growing up in two such different places have on ...
Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
doc Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
Oral history interview with Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kurakawa, Heiji and Chiyoko
Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
doc Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
This half-sheet of paper certifies that Tsugitada Kanamori was sold four different drugs from the Okubo Pharmany Co., in Yokohama, Japan. English translation of this document is found in item: csudh_tsu_0018. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_006
Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
doc Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
Essay observing education levels, types of students, and establishment of education programs at Tule Lake for English speaking students. Includes descriptions of programs for various age groups including nursery, primary, secondary, adult education, college and the Student Relocation Council. Report compiled as a portion of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object ...
Structural report, institutional adjustments, VII: communicative institutions (ddr-csujad-26-13)
doc Structural report, institutional adjustments, VII: communicative institutions (ddr-csujad-26-13)
Description of observed language skills, languages spoken, and cultural differences contributing to difficulty in communication among incarcerees. The report defines communicative institutions "as means of passing information from place or person to another." Report compiled as a portion of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese ...
Seiko Ishida and her Third Grade Class (ddr-csujad-29-9)
img Seiko Ishida and her Third Grade Class (ddr-csujad-29-9)
Seiko Ishida and her 3rd grade class listening to the librarian Miss Matsuoka. Oral history transcript and audio are found in items: csufccop_jaoh_0010 and csufccop_jaoh_0016. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1339_P02
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform with gas mask (ddr-csujad-25-70)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform with gas mask (ddr-csujad-25-70)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army uniform with a gas mask. He poses, standing in front of the house where probably his parents reside in Brighton, Colorado. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_012
School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-40)
img School outing group photograph (ddr-densho-359-40)
Students pose for a group photograph with a sign in Japanese. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Marching band (ddr-densho-359-91)
img Marching band (ddr-densho-359-91)
A student marching band parading across a field.
Student soldier (ddr-densho-359-48)
img Student soldier (ddr-densho-359-48)
A student poses with his rifle. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Taenaka family in farm (ddr-csujad-25-79)
img Taenaka family in farm (ddr-csujad-25-79)
A photograph of the Taenaka family in a farm, Brighton, Colorado. Includes Tamesaburo Taenaka, Kamie Taenaka, Ukichi Taenaka [?], and Yaeko Taenaka [?], posing in a sugar beet farm. Inscription on the back of the photograph reads: Nov. 20, 1942, Mr. McMorrow's farm, Brighton, Colorado. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-66)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-66)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army uniform with Private First Class insignia on the arm and a helmet. He poses, standing in front of the house where probably his parents reside in Brighton, Colorado. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_008
Ukichi Taenaka's family, Japan (ddr-csujad-25-284)
img Ukichi Taenaka's family, Japan (ddr-csujad-25-284)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page are twelve photographs of Ukichi Taenaka's wife and son in Japan. Also include Toshikuni Taenaka in US military uniform. The photographs are most likely taken in the late 1940s during the occupation of Japan when Toshikuni Taenaka is deployed. See this object in the ...
Ukichi Taenaka's family, Japan (ddr-csujad-25-283)
img Ukichi Taenaka's family, Japan (ddr-csujad-25-283)
A page from the Taenaka family photo album. Pasted on the page are ten photographs of Toshikuni Taenaka, Ukichi Taenaka's wife and son, and other the Taenakas' relatives in Japan. Toshikuni Taenaka wears the US military uniform. The photographs are taken most likely in the late 1940s during the occupation of Japan when Toshikuni Taenaka is ...
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army service uniform (ddr-csujad-25-121)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army service uniform (ddr-csujad-25-121)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army uniform with a helmet. He poses, standing in front of the house where his parents most likely reside in Brighton, Colorado. The same image is found: ucsb_jia_0064. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_063
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