Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (110)
Kibei (253)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

253 items
Nisei teachers and family (ddr-densho-310-5)
img Nisei teachers and family (ddr-densho-310-5)
Osaki family portrait. (Front row, left to right) Lora Wahl, Husband Osaki, Etsuko Osaki, Lynn Hishinuma (Back row, left to right) Jill Standridge, Alan Osaki, Dean Osaki
Yoshiko Tsubota Tsujihara (ddr-densho-252-35)
img Yoshiko Tsubota Tsujihara (ddr-densho-252-35)
A young woman in a kimono. Caption on Post-it: "Yoshiko Tsubota Tsujihara (Kibei)."
Picnic with Takedas (ddr-densho-258-4)
img Picnic with Takedas (ddr-densho-258-4)
Family sitting outside. Caption above and on photo: "Picnic with Takedas, Mom, Jo, Ernie."
Family (ddr-densho-258-97)
img Family (ddr-densho-258-97)
Family posing outside, multiple generations, with a young man in a military uniform. Caption below: "Yukio, Shiz, Hanako, & Akira Aramaki." Inscription: "Dear One-san, Love Hanako."
Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-287)
img Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-287)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "A sectional Young People's Christian Conference (YPCC) which was held in Yakima, WA, February 23, 1935."
Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-222)
img Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-222)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Michi and Yuka [Yasui] are standing and the parasol is folded."
Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-288)
img Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-288)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Posed group photo of many young Nisei This surely must have been another YPCC gathering this conference likely took place at a church in Portland."
Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-223)
img Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-223)
Michi and Yuka Yasui wearing kimono and posed with a parasol.
Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-296)
img Young People's Christian Conference (ddr-densho-259-296)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Posed group photo of another YPCC [Young People's Christian Conference], this time at the Centenary-Wilbur Church which was on the eastside of Portland." Caption on front of photograph: "Fourth Oregon Sectional Y.P.C.C. Centenary - Wilbur Church, Portland, Oregon, March 28-29, 1936."
Nikkei children on a farm (ddr-densho-259-273)
img Nikkei children on a farm (ddr-densho-259-273)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Nikkei children at the Mosier farm Front row, [left to right]: Kingo Kanemasu; I think a Kajita boy; Shigenobu Yamaki; Takaaki Yasui; I think another Kajita boy; 3 unidentified girls in a row; Shizue Yasui; Reverend Isaac Inouye. Second & back rows: Mr. Hatsutaro Kajita; Michi Yasui (looking over Yakaaki Yasui's shoulder); ...
Young people's church gathering (ddr-densho-259-282)
img Young people's church gathering (ddr-densho-259-282)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Some sort of young Nisei gathering taken in front of the Hood River Riverside Church, a Congregational church Since both the Reverends Lester Bond, the then-pastor at Riverside, and Taro Goto are shown, I figure that this was some sort of a young peoples' church gathering, mostly likely a YPCC [Young People's ...
Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-221)
img Nisei girls wearing kimono (ddr-densho-259-221)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Yuka and Michi [Yasui] sitting, and wearing kimono. Michi is holding a cloth parasol. This is a very cute picture, and I'd guess that Yuka was around 3 years old then."
Portrait of a Nisei boy (ddr-densho-259-259)
img Portrait of a Nisei boy (ddr-densho-259-259)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Young Nisei boy wearing a necktie and a pullover sweater. This was 'George' Yutaka Iwasa, the only child of Inosuke and Haruye Iwasa. They lived in the Belmont district of Hood River."
img "Girls from Dee" (ddr-densho-259-272)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Five Nisei girls who lived in Dee [Oregon]. This picture was taken on the south side of the old Dee Japanese Community Hall. I can identify Mikie Kageyama and Hannah Kinoshita but I don't recognize the other three."
img "The Hood River Japanese Methodist Church Camp" (ddr-densho-259-285)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "The Hood River Japanese Methodist Church Camp at Tilly Jane Campground in the Mount Hood National Forest We actually camped out in tents then, and the supplies had to be hauled across the Tilly Jane Creek canyon on a cable car [This picture] includes Raymond Hiroshige (a U of O college classmate ...
Young People's Christian Conference (photocopy) (ddr-densho-259-286)
img Young People's Christian Conference (photocopy) (ddr-densho-259-286)
Photocopy. Caption by Homer Yasui: "Posed group photo of many young Nisei This surely must have been another YPCC gathering this conference likely took place at a church in Portland."
Nisei brother and sister with dog (ddr-densho-259-224)
img Nisei brother and sister with dog (ddr-densho-259-224)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "This picture shows Yuka and me sitting on the ground in front of the large maple tree in our back yard near the old garage. Our dog, Mike, is sitting in front of us This dog Mike, was Grandpa Yasui [Shinataro Yasui]'s all time favorite. He used to follow Dad [Masuo Yasui] ...
Letter to project directors about the
doc Letter to project directors about the "Kibei problem" (ddr-densho-381-23)
Myer describes Kibei as a "complex problem" in his letter to the project directors. He encloses a report from January 28, 1944, detailing differences between Kibei and Nisei, reasons Kibei were sent for education in Japan, and Kibei reactions to being detained in concentration camps.
Takami Hibiya reference letter (ddr-densho-381-141)
doc Takami Hibiya reference letter (ddr-densho-381-141)
A reference letter from Lorne Huycke to Dillon S. Meyer for Takami Hibiya. Huycke speaks about his contact with Takami at the Minidoka Project, where they worked together in the Housing Department.
Name check for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-137)
doc Name check for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-137)
A history of Takami Hibiya's family, education, employment, and community activities.
Takami Hibiya reference letter (ddr-densho-381-142)
doc Takami Hibiya reference letter (ddr-densho-381-142)
A reference letter from Frank H. Hattori to Dillon S. Myer about Takami Hibiya. Hattori mentions Takami's work in the housing division at Minidoka and states that he is "very much Americanized."
Investigative report of Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-138)
doc Investigative report of Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-138)
A previously confidential federal investigation of Takami Hibiya's history, family, and American loyalty.
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