Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

911 items
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 10 (March 9, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-59)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 10 (March 9, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-59)
Selected article titles: "Japan Sends New Memo on Exchange of Nationals" (p. 1), "Night Attack Reported on Santa Clara Evacuee" (p. 1), and "Long Beach YWCA Ready to Give Assistance" (p. 3).
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-381)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-381)
Black and white photographic negative of a bucket with two watermelons and a crate of empty soda bottles at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Sitting with their backs to camera are Nobyo Sato and Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, sitting facing the ...
Indoor Carnival Fundraiser- Balloon Darts (ddr-one-1-90)
img Indoor Carnival Fundraiser- Balloon Darts (ddr-one-1-90)
Black and white photographic negative of an indoor carnival fundraiser possibly hosted by the Sorelles or Adelphons (Japanese American young women's groups). Group of men watch an unidentified Issei throw a dart. Identified on the far left hand side is Walt Asakawa, sitting behind the dart thrower is Mr. Murahashi, standing on the far right wearing ...
Rose Test Garden (ddr-one-1-524)
img Rose Test Garden (ddr-one-1-524)
Color slide of the Rose Test Garden in Washington Park. Rows of various types of rose bushes can be seen across the image. Five other visitors can be seen looking at the various rose bushes. According to donor processed on June 14, 1964.
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-242)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-242)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera with one arm touching their straw hats. From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, and Eddie Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-230)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-230)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing in front of a crowd. Dancer first from left is Susan Shizuko (Yoshida) Kurimoto. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park in Portland, ...
Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-394)
img Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-394)
Black and white photographic negative of Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya kneeling on the sand at the Oregon Coast at a beach outing planned by the Sorrelles (a high school social group).
Wedding portrait of Tatsu Watanabe and Ruth Sono (ddr-one-1-131)
img Wedding portrait of Tatsu Watanabe and Ruth Sono (ddr-one-1-131)
Black and white photographic negative of Tatsu "Dutch" Watanabe and Ruth (Sono) Watanabe looking at each other in their wedding attire.
Corral (ddr-one-1-449)
img Corral (ddr-one-1-449)
Color slide of five horses inside a wooden corral. Two horses stand to the left with backs to the camera, others laying inside the corral on the ground. Outside of the corral is lined with straw. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-30)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-30)
Black and white photographic print of a wedding between Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto. The couple is standing before Reverend Francis Hayashi. Wedding Party from Left to Right: Yoichi "Jack" Nomi, Keso Kuwahara, Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi and Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga.
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-375)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-375)
Black and white photographic negative of young families sitting at a picnic table enjoying a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right is Yoshi Hasuike, Sachi Hasuike, Sachi Hasuike's daughter, Mrs. Jim Hasuike, Jim Hasuike's sons, and Jim Hasuike.
A Man at a Food Counter (ddr-one-1-561)
img A Man at a Food Counter (ddr-one-1-561)
Black and white photographic negative of a man standing behind a counter. The man leans against the counter with a staircase behind him. In the background under the staircase are crates of empty soda bottles.
Bridal Party of Wong/Okazaki wedding (ddr-one-1-130)
img Bridal Party of Wong/Okazaki wedding (ddr-one-1-130)
Original black and white photographic print of Lillian (Wong) Okazaki's bridal party preparing her veil. Bridesmaids left to right: Christine Quan, Dorothy Moe, May (Wong) Oka, and Violet (Wong) Yee.
Picnic (ddr-one-1-59)
img Picnic (ddr-one-1-59)
Color slide of women sitting at a table eating with chopsticks. From left to right: Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka, Sumi "Sue" (Kaga) Hasegawa, Mrs. Kiyomura, and Jean (Kiyomura) Tamiyasu.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 6
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 6 "Sunday Excursion" (ddr-one-1-547)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 6 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd has gathered outside the Chinese Medicine Co building and Dr. Geo Chan's office. The float is that of a large Paddle Steamer made of pink and red flowers. The paddle wheel reads "Pacific Power" on the side. A man ...
Cowboys (ddr-one-1-447)
img Cowboys (ddr-one-1-447)
Color slide of three unidentified cowboys crouched on the ground surrounded by straw in front of a stable, a young black colt is laying near them on the right. In the back is an older horse inside the stable. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-20)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-20)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Left to right: Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Frances (Kinoshita) Mayeda, Grace (Sakano) Robbs, Sumi "Sue" (Kaga) Hasegawa, Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, Rose Namba, Jayne (Katada) Furukawa, ...
Spotted Deer (ddr-one-1-541)
img Spotted Deer (ddr-one-1-541)
Color slide of three spotted bucks and eight spotted does. Two of the bucks stare directly at the camera while the other nine deer eat grass, possibly inside Washington Park. According to donor processed on June 14, 1964.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 51
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 51 "Restaurant Assoc." (ddr-one-1-154)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 51 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel and Cafe. The Blue Eagle Cafe is visible in the background of W Burnside and NW Second Ave. Float depicts a giant hotdog with a clown riding on top, two waitresses ride in front, one ...
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-19)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-19)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Left to right: Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Frances (Kinoshita) Mayeda, Grace (Sakano) Robbs, Sumi "Sue" (Kaga) Hasegawa, Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, Rose Namba, Jayne (Katada) ...
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