Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (120)
Returning home (915)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

915 items
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-244)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-244)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera holding small Japanese and American flags. From left to right: Eddie Tamiyasu, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 29
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 29 "Sears" (ddr-one-1-532)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 29 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Blue Eagle Café on the corner of NW Second Ave. The float has a carriage made of white flowers with a red trim and purple wheels. The carriage is pulled by a horse made of white flowers. ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-216)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-216)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers holding small Japanese flags performing before a crowd. Second Obon dancer from the left: Shig Yuzuriha. Third Obon dancer from the left: Nobyo Sato. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. ...
Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-400)
img Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-400)
Black and white photographic negative of Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya (right) sunbathing at the Oregon Coast with an unidentified Nisei. Behind them is Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba playing with a beach ball at a beach outing planned by the Sorrelles (a high school social group).
Registration for Northwest Methodist Rally (ddr-one-1-85)
img Registration for Northwest Methodist Rally (ddr-one-1-85)
Black and white photographic negative of the registration table for the Northwest Methodist Rally. From left to right: Toyse "Toy" Miura, Ko Tambara, Nami (Miura) Koida, and George Nakata.
Roses (ddr-one-1-522)
img Roses (ddr-one-1-522)
Color slide of red rose bush. Image was most likely taken at the Rose Test Garden in Washington Park. According to donor processed on June 14, 1964.
Horse outside (ddr-one-1-446)
img Horse outside (ddr-one-1-446)
Color slide of a brown horse with a blonde mane outside with a rope tied around its muzzle. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Roses (ddr-one-1-487)
img Roses (ddr-one-1-487)
Color slide of a red rose bush, in background white roses are visible. According to donor processed on July 3, 1952.
Corral (ddr-one-1-450)
img Corral (ddr-one-1-450)
Color slide of three horses laying down inside a wooden corral. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-333)
img Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-333)
Black and white photographic negative of large crowd of Buddhists gathered outside Collin's Field House in Seattle, Washington for a Buddhist convention. Reverends seated in front row from left to right: Reverend Seiji Kobara from Seattle, Reverend Shoko Masunaga, Reverend Akira Jotetsu Ono, Reverend Tatsuya Ichikawa, Reverend Bishop Kenryu Tsuji, Reverend Eiyu Terao from Spokane, Reverend ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 13
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 13 "Bozo's Circus" (ddr-one-1-141)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 13 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties and the Riverside Hotel and Cafe. The float has three tiers with a large clown made of flowers on the top tier and two female riders sitting on middle tier, one ...
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-296)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-296)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dance rehearsal at Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Obon dancers from left to right: Patricia “Pat” (Ikata) Iboshi, Marjory "Marge" (Ando) Smith, Carol (Takeda) Smith, and unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Float 27 (ddr-one-1-158)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Float 27 (ddr-one-1-158)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 27 pulled by two horses down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel. The sign for the Blue Eagle Cafe is visible in the background. The float is of a large wagon with orange, yellow, blue and white flowers. Five men in top hats ride ...
Nisei women (ddr-one-1-426)
img Nisei women (ddr-one-1-426)
Black and white photographic negative of four unidentified Nisei women holding bags and notebooks and looking at the camera inside Seattle Buddhist Church.
Portrait of Mary Abe's family (ddr-one-1-77)
img Portrait of Mary Abe's family (ddr-one-1-77)
Black and white photographic negative of Mary Abe's family posed seated in her living room. Photo portrait of an unknown man on the side table. Back row left to right: Marge Horigami, Florence "Flo" (Teshima) Anazawa, remaining unidentified . Front row left to right: May (Abe) Endo unidentified woman.
Family home (ddr-one-1-445)
img Family home (ddr-one-1-445)
Color slide of an unidentified woman in a blue dress and orange headscarf with three children standing in their doorway looking at the camera. One child is holding a gift bag in her hand. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Obon Festival- Mayoral speech (ddr-one-1-206)
img Obon Festival- Mayoral speech (ddr-one-1-206)
Black and white photographic negative of Portland Mayor Dorothy McCullough Lee giving a speech at the Portland Obon festival while dancers and spectators watch. Photographers are taking pictures near the podium. Man behind stairs leading up to the podium is Matsutaro Muramatsu. Woman on right edge of image behind a photographer is Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka. A ...
Obon folk musicians (ddr-one-1-111)
img Obon folk musicians (ddr-one-1-111)
Black and white photographic negative of four unidentified men playing traditional Japanese instruments at the Obon Festival in front a microphone. All are dressed in happi coats and have tenugui (light cotton towel) headbands. Sitting behind the sound system is Henry Matsunaga. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as ...
Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-67)
img Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-67)
Color slide of two children in traditional Japanese costumes with gold headdresses. Children are carrying pink flowers and are part of a Chigo "Children's" procession past the US Custom's House in Northwest Portland. The children are followed by an unidentified Buddhist priest. From left to right: Joanne (Furukawa) Longfeldt and Joyce (Matsunaga) McMahon.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Rose Court (ddr-one-1-483)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Rose Court (ddr-one-1-483)
Color slide of the Rose Festival Court's float driving down W Burnside in front of the Grant Hotel during the Rose Festival Parade. All women waving to the crowd, queen, Jeanne Wallace, seated in the back of the float waving a silver scepter. The Portland Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Equestrian team (ddr-one-1-486)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Equestrian team (ddr-one-1-486)
Color slide of six men on palomino horses holding American flags as they ride down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Shoreline and Grant Hotels in the Portland Rose Festival Parade. The Portland Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are made out of flowers and paraded down the ...
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-383)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-383)
Black and white photographic negative of a group of Nisei men sitting on the ground chatting at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Facing the camera from left to right: Alfred Tsutomu Ando and Roy Otsuki. Jean Matsumoto is kneeling behind Alfred Tsutomu ...
Ladies Bowling Team- Oregon Nisei Bowling League Photo #3 (ddr-one-1-563)
img Ladies Bowling Team- Oregon Nisei Bowling League Photo #3 (ddr-one-1-563)
Black and white photographic negative of a Nisei women's bowling team. The team is posed in front of a Ford sedan with monogrammed shirts. From left to right: Yoko (Hishikawa) Iwata, Kathleen Sasaki, Sachi (Nakata) Nakashima, Takako Inukai and Toshi (Tamiyasu) Fukuhara. Original print ONLC 3428.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-47)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-47)
Black and white photographic negative of two men in suits posed. From left to right: Keso Kuwahara and groom Sam Sakamoto.
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-1)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-1)
Original black and white photographic print of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, ...
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