Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

911 items
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 21 (ddr-one-1-175)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 21 (ddr-one-1-175)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 21 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties and the Riverfront Hotel and Cafe. The float is a truck made of red and white flowers with animal cages, a small yellow sign is visible on the front with number ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Cowgirl (ddr-one-1-163)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Cowgirl (ddr-one-1-163)
Color slide of a woman in a white western/cowgirl costume riding on the back of a palomino horse with a black saddle with silver embellishments in the Rose Festival Parade. She is posed for the camera at the intersection of W Burnside of NW First Ave, the Grant Hotel and Noon Bag Company buildings are visible ...
Cliff side (ddr-one-1-451)
img Cliff side (ddr-one-1-451)
Color slide of a mountain cliff side. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couple seated (ddr-one-1-125)
img Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couple seated (ddr-one-1-125)
Black and white photographic negative of couple sitting alone in a booth at the Third Annual Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance at McElroy's Ballroom in Portland, Oregon. The couple is posing for the camera. Woman identified as Frances (Sono) Gale, man unidentified.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Rose Court (ddr-one-1-483)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Rose Court (ddr-one-1-483)
Color slide of the Rose Festival Court's float driving down W Burnside in front of the Grant Hotel during the Rose Festival Parade. All women waving to the crowd, queen, Jeanne Wallace, seated in the back of the float waving a silver scepter. The Portland Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-189)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-189)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers with arms extended in front. Dancers: first from left Shizuko "Shiz" (Ninomiya) Onishi, fourth from left Ed Honma, fifth from left Tom Shigeto Tamiyasu, first from right Ted Tetsuo Tamaki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marching Band (ddr-one-1-170)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marching Band (ddr-one-1-170)
Color slide of a drum major and three majorettes in white uniforms leading a marching band in dark red uniforms along the Portland Rose Festival parade route in front of a crowd gathered outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties and the Riverfront Hotel on W Burnside. An advertisement for Chevrolet is visible on the side ...
Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-322)
img Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-322)
Black and white photographic negative of the attendees of the Northwest Methodist Rally in Portland on November 23-25, 1951. Inscription on negative reads "Northwest methodis Rally Portla Nov. 23-25, 1951." The group is posed in front of the old Epworth Methodist Church building. Front row left to right starting third from left: Rupert Fujii, Shig Tada, ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-240)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-240)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera with arms held up wearing straw hats. From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, and Eddie Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist ...
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-6)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-6)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko “Alice” Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-241)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-241)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera with one arm touching straw hats. From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, and Eddie Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church ...
Oregon Buddhist Church Bingo (ddr-one-1-422)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Bingo (ddr-one-1-422)
Black and white photographic negative of a bingo game with prizes displayed in the center. Event is hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now know as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka, Ben Kasubuchi, unidentified, unidentified, James “Jim” Mamoru Fujii, Susie "Jinx" (Tamiyasu) Fujii carrying ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 4 Queen and Court (ddr-one-1-143)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 4 Queen and Court (ddr-one-1-143)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 4 with the Rose Festival Queen and Court on red and white float driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties and the Riverside Hotel. An advertisement for Chevrolet is visible in the background on the side of the Portland ...
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-8)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-8)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, ...
Obon Festival- Mayoral speech (ddr-one-1-206)
img Obon Festival- Mayoral speech (ddr-one-1-206)
Black and white photographic negative of Portland Mayor Dorothy McCullough Lee giving a speech at the Portland Obon festival while dancers and spectators watch. Photographers are taking pictures near the podium. Man behind stairs leading up to the podium is Matsutaro Muramatsu. Woman on right edge of image behind a photographer is Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka. A ...
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-383)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-383)
Black and white photographic negative of a group of Nisei men sitting on the ground chatting at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Facing the camera from left to right: Alfred Tsutomu Ando and Roy Otsuki. Jean Matsumoto is kneeling behind Alfred Tsutomu ...
Methodist Men's Choir (ddr-one-1-349)
img Methodist Men's Choir (ddr-one-1-349)
Black and white photographic negative of four men standing around a piano in matching overcoats singing to a song played by Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki on the piano. Men from left to right: Yoji Matsushima, Shig Tada, Joe Namba, and Kenji Onishi.
Birds swimming in creek (ddr-one-1-455)
img Birds swimming in creek (ddr-one-1-455)
Color slide of seven water fowl swimming in a small river or creek. According to donor processed on September 12, 1952.
Nisei in formal dress (ddr-one-1-562)
img Nisei in formal dress (ddr-one-1-562)
Black and white photographic negative of four Nisei standing outside in formal dress. From left to right: Kay Endo, Akiko “Aki” (Endo) Akagi, Mieko Fujita, and Kazuko "Kazzie" (Endo) Hara.
Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- First Place Men's Team (ddr-one-1-115)
img Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- First Place Men's Team (ddr-one-1-115)
Black and white photographic negative of the first place men's team at the Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance at McElroy's Ballroom in Portland, Oregon. Man holding trophy identified as John Asahara from Tacoma; it is possible that the winning team was from Seattle-Tacoma.
Reed College (ddr-one-1-357)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-357)
Black and white photographic print of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos where both students. Negative ONLC 3177 (ddr-one-1-359).
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-264)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-264)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified woman posing for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-11)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-11)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, ...
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-298)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-298)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers rehearsing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Dancers form two lines in front of a small seated audience on the floor and in the balcony. Adult male Obon dancers on far right of image identified from right to left: Arthur Ojiro “Art” Sasaki, Reverend ...
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-35)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-35)
Original black and white photographic print of Bride and Groom, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto and Sam Sakamoto, smiling for the camera. Print is a portrait of the couple.
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