Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (120)
Returning home (915)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

915 items
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-204)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-204)
Black and white photographic negative of three young Obon dancers posing for camera in front of large crowd. Obon dancers from left to right: Jeanne Tanaka, Toshiko (Maekawa) Okino, and Eileen Tanaka. Crowd: first sitting from the left is Joyce (Tanaka) Fedler, first from the right sitting on bench is Joe Ikata. Obon is an annual ...
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-318)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-318)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers rehearsing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Obon dancers from left to right: Shig Yuzuriha, Hiro Okayama, Yonezo Fujii, and Tom Shigeo Tamiyasu. First seated women in the audience on far left is Sakae (Fujii) Ando. Obon is an annual event hosted by the ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-221)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-221)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers turning a corner in front of large crowd. Woman in front of line: Shizuko Oda, man at back of line: Arthur Ojiro “Art” Sasaki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-199)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-199)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers posing for camera in front of small crowd with their backs bent slightly and arms extended. Fourth from the left is Yukiye Itoyama, fifth from the left is Eki Yumibe. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-231)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-231)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing in front of a crowd. Obon dancers from left to right: Joe Shiraishi, unidentified woman, Harue Akiyama, and Wako Henjyoji. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was ...
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-410)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-410)
Black and white photographic negative of an Odori folk dance performance on stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) inside the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Dancer on far right is identified as Mrs. Hasagawa, dancer in back center is identified as Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando.
Valentine's Day potluck at Oregon Buddhist Church (ddr-one-1-60)
img Valentine's Day potluck at Oregon Buddhist Church (ddr-one-1-60)
Color slide of young women filling plates at a Valentine's Day potluck at Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, unidentified, Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Jean Matsumoto, and Michiko (Masuoka) Nishioka.
Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-324)
img Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-324)
Black and white photographic negative of the attendees of the Northwest Methodist Rally in Portland on November 23-25, 1951. Inscription on photograph reads "Northwest methodis Rally Portland Nov. 23-". The group is posed in front of the old Epworth Methodist Church building. Front row left to right starting third from left: Rupert Fujii, Shig Tada, and ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 31
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 31 "Newberg" (ddr-one-1-531)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 31 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside a Blue Eagle Café on NW Second Ave. A sign for the Chinese Medicine Co can be seen in background. The float is a carriage covered in white and purple flowers with two women sitting inside waving at ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- Vancouver, Washington Cenaqua (ddr-one-1-161)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- Vancouver, Washington Cenaqua (ddr-one-1-161)
Color slide of a Rose Festival Parade float driving down W Burnside in front of the Shoreline Hotel and Anchor Inn. The float depicts a carousel with women in pink dresses and silver sequin sitting around the edge. One woman is holding a blue ribbon. The side of the float reads "1950-1825 Vancouver WN, Cenaqua". The ...
Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church (ddr-one-1-326)
img Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church (ddr-one-1-326)
Black and white photographic negative of Nisei women at Epworth United Methodist Church rolling up newspapers, possibly during the Northwest Methodist Rally. From left to right: Martha (Kondo) Miyasaki, Miriam (Koyama) Kiso, Grace (Sakano) Robbs, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, unidentified, and Masae "Elsie" (Morita) Onishi. For print please see ONLC 3145 (ddr-one-1-327).
Reed College (ddr-one-1-358)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-358)
Black and white photographic print of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos were both students. Negative ONLC 3178 (ddr-one-1-370).
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-38)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-38)
Original black and white photographic print of wedding attendants posed. Left to right Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi and Yoichi "Jack" Nomi.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 37
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 37 "U.S. National Bank" (ddr-one-1-174)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 37 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel, Anchor Inn, and Sailors Union of the Pacific. The float is orange and red with a gray elephant made of flowers standing on its hind legs. Five women ride on the float holding yellow flowers ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 12
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 12 "Tobogganing Kiwanis" (ddr-one-1-473)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 12 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Noon Bag Company building. On the side of the building is an advertisement for San Juan Slacks. The float depicts four riders on a toboggan riding down a snowy hill. A young boy sits on the ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-268)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-268)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers posing for the camera at Obon. Second to the left is Hisako (Onishi) Saito. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-271)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-271)
Black and white photographic negative of unidentified male Obon dancers performing in front of audience. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Chinese Wedding Celebration (ddr-one-1-237)
img Chinese Wedding Celebration (ddr-one-1-237)
Black and white photographic negative of Fred Lee and Betty Jean (Chinn) Lee's wedding guests outside in front of a fence. On the ground is a dragon costume. An unidentified man is spinning a long pole in front of crowd to the right, several men in the crowd appear to be playing a large drum, gong ...
Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-321)
img Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-321)
Black and white photographic negative of the attendees of the Northwest Methodist Rally in Portland on November 23-25, 1951. The group is posed in front of the old Epworth Methodist Church building. Front row left to right starting third from left: Rupert Fujii, Shig Tada, and Reverend Francis Hayashi, other unidentified. Second row left to right: ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-213)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-213)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in a partial circle, a crowd encloses the dancers. Obon dancers right to left outer circle: Yoshino Fujii, Tamuro Miura, unidentified, Nobuko Yoshida, and Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko. Obon dancers right to left inner circle: fourth in Jimmy Yoshida, Patricia “Pat” (Ikata) Iboshi, Joe Shiraishi, and Yoneko (Aono) Sugimura. ...
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-316)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-316)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers rehearsing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Dancers from left to right: Betty Nakashimada, Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Mabel (Maekawa) Ota, Carol (Takeda) Smith, unidentified, Tomi Tsujimura, Susan Shizuko (Yoshida) Kurimoto. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 18
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 18 "Barrians" (ddr-one-1-491)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 18 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float has five women in gowns sitting on top waving at the crowd, one man is ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-266)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-266)
Black and white photographic negative of four Obon dancers smiling for the camera. From left to right: Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Ruth Saito, Susanne Mineko (Sasaki) Myers, and Grace (Tachibana) Ishikawa. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Card Darts (ddr-one-1-109)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Card Darts (ddr-one-1-109)
Black and white photographic negative of young boys gathered around a card dart booth at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. Man running game on the right side is identified as Harry Nakamura. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4944 (ddr-one-1-715).
Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-396)
img Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-396)
Black and white photographic negative of four Nisei burying Aki (Shiraishi) Dong in the sand at a beach outing planned by the Sorrelles (a high school social group). From left to right: Shig Tada, Yoji Kiso, Sumi "Sue" (Kaga) Hasegawa and Tom Fujii.
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