Department of Justice camps

More than 5,500 Japanese immigrants (Issei) were arrested by the FBI following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Most were sent first to temporary Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then transferred to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps, where they waited to appear before the Alien Enemy Hearing Board. These hearings determined whether the Issei would remain in the internment camps or be "released" to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) concentration camps. After the hearings, most of the Issei were sent to U.S. Army internment camps. The U.S. Army, charged with detaining military prisoners of war (POWs), then returned the Issei internees to DOJ control. The DOJ camps also interned Italian and German nationals and Japanese Latin Americans. Most of the DOJ internment camps held only men who had been separated from their families, but three camps housed single women and families. The camps were run by the INS, part of the Department of Justice.

World War II (218)
Department of Justice camps (401)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Crystal City (detention facility), Fort Lincoln (Bismarck) (detention facility), Fort Missoula (detention facility), Fort Stanton (detention facility), J. Edgar Hoover, Kenedy (detention facility), Kooskia (detention facility), Old Raton (detention facility), Santa Fe (detention facility), Seagoville (detention facility), Sites of incarceration

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401 items
Mako Nakagawa Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-66-18)
vh Mako Nakagawa Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-66-18)
Meeting German nationals and Japnese Latin Americans at Crystal City
Tom Matsuoka Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-47-23)
vh Tom Matsuoka Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-47-23)
Life in the Justice Department internment camp at Fort Missoula, Montana
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-154-26)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-154-26)
Conditions in Bismarck internment camp: meeting people from other countries, swimming in a heated pool
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-154-25)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-154-25)
Transferred with brother to Bismarck, North Dakota, a Department of Justice camp
Yasashi Ichikawa Interview II Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-112-22)
vh Yasashi Ichikawa Interview II Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-112-22)
Joining husband in Crystal City, Texas, a Department of Justice Camp (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview.

Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-274-23)
vh Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-274-23)
Interacting with German prisoners of war

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-274-20)
vh Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-274-20)
Receiving a hearing while in Bismarck

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-274-18)
vh Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-274-18)
The train ride to Bismarck: rumors about being sent to death

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-274-19)
vh Charles Oihe Hamasaki Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-274-19)
First impressions of Bismarck

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Joe Yasutake Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-136-1)
vh Joe Yasutake Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-136-1)
Memories of Crystal City internment camp, Texas: "I feel like I'm goin' to a prison."

Joseph Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, William Toshio Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was also interviewed individually on October 9, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings …

Joe Yasutake Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-136-2)
vh Joe Yasutake Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-136-2)
Life in Crystal City internment camp, Texas: living quarters, shared facilities

Joseph Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, William Toshio Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was also interviewed individually on October 9, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct …

Joe Yasutake Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-136-3)
vh Joe Yasutake Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-136-3)
Activities in Crystal City internment camp: judo, sumo and baseball

Joseph Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, William Toshio Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was also interviewed individually on October 9, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their …

Art Shibayama Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-151-15)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-151-15)
Relationship between the Japanese Peruvians and Japanese Americans in camp
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-151-10)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-151-10)
Memories of Crystal City internment camp, Texas: first impressions, getting a job delivering ice
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-151-14)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-151-14)
Learning English from a Japanese American Nisei; finding out that Peru didn't want the Japanese Peruvians to return
Kazuko Uno Bill Interview I Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-211-21)
vh Kazuko Uno Bill Interview I Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-211-21)
Reuniting with father after his release from a Department of Justice camp
Bill Nishimura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-119-9)
vh Bill Nishimura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-119-9)
Awaiting expatriation to Japan, but instead, reuniting with father in Crystal City, Texas

This interview took place at the 2000 Tule Lake Pilgrimage in Klamath Falls, Oregon.

Bill Nishimura Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-119-8)
vh Bill Nishimura Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-119-8)
Decision to renounce U.S. citizenship: "We really didn't have any choice"; forming the Hoshidan, moving to Santa Fe internment camp, New Mexico; a chaotic incident with the border-patrol

This interview took place at the 2000 Tule Lake Pilgrimage in Klamath Falls, Oregon.

Hannah Hirabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-493-4)
vh Hannah Hirabayashi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-493-4)
Father's internment in a Department of Justice camp during the war
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