Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

World War II (231)
Concentration camps (1434)
Living conditions (1750)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

1750 items
War ration book four, OPA form R-145, Fred Fumio Takano (ddr-csujad-42-124)
doc War ration book four, OPA form R-145, Fred Fumio Takano (ddr-csujad-42-124)
A ration book issued to Fumio Fred Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_006
Gila River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-219)
img Gila River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-219)
A photograph of the Gila River incarceration camp. It is taken from the center of the camp, facing south. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_02_06_001
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, August 17-20, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-72)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, August 17-20, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-72)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0071. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_35_001_eng
War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Fred Fumio Takano (ddr-csujad-42-123)
doc War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Fred Fumio Takano (ddr-csujad-42-123)
A ration book issued to Fumio Fred Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_005
War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Tomeyo Takano (ddr-csujad-42-122)
doc War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Tomeyo Takano (ddr-csujad-42-122)
A ration book issued to Tomoye Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_004
Gila River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-220)
img Gila River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-220)
A photograph of the Gila River incarceration camp. It is taken from the center of the camp, facing south. The caption reads: [= Gila River incarceration camp]. Title from caption. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_02_06_002
Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-228)
img Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-228)
A photograph of the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. The handwritten note on the back side reads: Heart Mountain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_02_06_010
Gila River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-225)
img Gila River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-42-225)
A photograph of the Gila River incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_02_06_007
War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Itsuhei Takano (ddr-csujad-42-119)
doc War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Itsuhei Takano (ddr-csujad-42-119)
A ration book issued to Itsuhei Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_001
War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Yoneko Takano (ddr-csujad-42-127)
doc War ration book no. 3, OPA form no. R-130, Yoneko Takano (ddr-csujad-42-127)
A ration book issued to Yoneko Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_009
War ration book four, OPA form R-145, Itsuhei Takano (ddr-csujad-42-120)
doc War ration book four, OPA form R-145, Itsuhei Takano (ddr-csujad-42-120)
A ration book issued for Itsuhei Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_002
War ration book four, OPA form R-145, Tomeyo Takano (ddr-csujad-42-121)
doc War ration book four, OPA form R-145, Tomeyo Takano (ddr-csujad-42-121)
A ration book issued to Tomoye Takano incarcerated at the Gila River camp in Arizona. Includes the instructions for use. Unused stamps remain. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_67_003
Barracks with birds at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-44-57)
img Barracks with birds at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-44-57)
A photograph of barracks at Tule Lake with birds, possibly cranes, on the ground and in the air. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csumb_ms15_0057
Nisei women standing outside with barracks in the background (ddr-csujad-44-7)
img Nisei women standing outside with barracks in the background (ddr-csujad-44-7)
A photograph of two young Nisei women incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. One is standing slightly in front of the other. They are outside and barracks can be seen close behind them and in the distance. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csumb_ms15_0007
Home Makerettes (ddr-csujad-44-43)
img Home Makerettes (ddr-csujad-44-43)
A photograph of five young Nisei women incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. They are the members of a women's club, the Home Makerettes. They are standing outside posing together for the camera. Barracks are visible behind them. Photo inscription on back: "The Home Makerettes." Title from inscription. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Barracks at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-44-59)
img Barracks at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-44-59)
A photograph of barracks at Tule Lake. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csumb_ms15_0059
Nisei women standing outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-44)
img Nisei women standing outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-44)
A photograph of five young Nisei women incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. They are standing outside posing together for the camera. Barracks are visible behind them. Photo inscription on back: "Can you recognize me? -Mary." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csumb_ms15_0044
Young Nisei women standing outside barrack (ddr-csujad-44-42)
img Young Nisei women standing outside barrack (ddr-csujad-44-42)
A photograph of five young Nisei women incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. They are standing outside posing together for the camera. Barracks are visible behind them. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csumb_ms15_0042
Barracks with birds at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-44-58)
img Barracks with birds at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-44-58)
A photograph of barracks at Tule Lake with birds, possibly cranes, on the ground and in the air. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csumb_ms15_0058
Photograph of a young boy, the last resident to leave Manzanar (ddr-csujad-47-17)
img Photograph of a young boy, the last resident to leave Manzanar (ddr-csujad-47-17)
Photograph of a young boy, the last resident to leave Manzanar, standing in front of a barracks at Manzanar. Next to him are stacks of abandoned furniture including chairs, benches, side tables and a baby stroller. The boy is looking down at his feet. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Cost per barracks--$2,848.55! (ddr-csujad-47-24)
img Cost per barracks--$2,848.55! (ddr-csujad-47-24)
Photograph of carpenters working to construct the barracks at Manzanar. A utility poles is connected to a primary connection point. Several stacks of cut and un-cut lumber are visible as is a ladder next to one of the utility poles. The Inyo Mountains are in the background. Caption reads: Cost per barracks -- $2848.55! Title from …
Photograph of Melva Nielsen with gardening equipment (ddr-csujad-47-165)
img Photograph of Melva Nielsen with gardening equipment (ddr-csujad-47-165)
Photograph of Melva Nielsen holding a rake and broom while standing on the stoop of a lattice-covered patio at Manzanar incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_0291
Photograph of Manzanar staff housing (ddr-csujad-47-345)
img Photograph of Manzanar staff housing (ddr-csujad-47-345)
Photograph of staff housing at Manzanar incarceration camp. A grape trellis is attached to the house as is a lattice-covered seating area. Several saplings are visible in the lawn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_0505
Photograph of Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley (ddr-csujad-47-106)
img Photograph of Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley (ddr-csujad-47-106)
Photograph of Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley National Park. Incarcerees were transferred to the former Civilian Conservation Camp after the Manzanar Riot for their own protection. Several army trucks can be seen parked in front of one of the buildings and a line of laundry in the lower right corner. See this object in the …
Photograph of Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley (ddr-csujad-47-348)
img Photograph of Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley (ddr-csujad-47-348)
Photograph of Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley National Park. Incarcerees were transferred to the former Civilian Conservation Camp after the Manzanar Riot for their own protection. The photograph is taken from the east looking west toward the Panamint range. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_1191
API