Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (190)
Kibei (450)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

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450 items
Names of incarcerees that I sent letters (ddr-csujad-34-9)
doc Names of incarcerees that I sent letters (ddr-csujad-34-9)
A handwritten note by Hiroshi Fukuwa. It lists names that he sent a letter during his incarceration. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: hrs_07_001
Letter from Otis D. Richardson, Chair of English Department, Los Angeles City College, March 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-56)
doc Letter from Otis D. Richardson, Chair of English Department, Los Angeles City College, March 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-56)
Letter from Otis Richardson highlighting the need to educating the Nisei about conforming to cultural norms. He discusses the unwillingness of Nisei and Kibei to educate themselves about the current issue regarding mass evacuation and the need for Americanization of all Japanese. He concludes the letter with "A Social Plan for Minority Groups." Richardson provides a …
[Significant factors in requests for repatriation and expatriation] (ddr-csujad-2-57)
doc [Significant factors in requests for repatriation and expatriation] (ddr-csujad-2-57)
Report on the influx of repatriation to Japan requests from Manzanar Incarceration Camp. Report describes camp life in Tule Lake compared to Manzanar, special concerns with Kibei and Issei individuals, the draft, and family dilemma related to repatriation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0057
[Some reactions to selective service: Tule Lake] (ddr-csujad-2-58)
doc [Some reactions to selective service: Tule Lake] (ddr-csujad-2-58)
Report on selective service reactions at Tule Lake Camp. Report discusses Japanese identity compared to American identity, especially for the Nisei, repatriation requests, and draft evasion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0058
Letter from Masao Okine to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, July 24, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-151)
doc Letter from Masao Okine to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, July 24, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-151)
A letter from Masao Okine to his parents, Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. He writes from Japan where he is stationed as a Nisei soldier. In the letter, he writes about his duties as a jeep driver, working a night shift from 10PM to 6AM. He drives for Japanese coworkers who speak English and serve as interpreters …
Letter from Nobuyuki Tanimoto to Mr. Mas [Masao] Okine, November 27, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-178)
doc Letter from Nobuyuki Tanimoto to Mr. Mas [Masao] Okine, November 27, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-178)
A letter from Nobuyuki Tanimoto to his brother-in-law, Masao Okine. Nobuyuki writes from Japan where he is stationed as a US Army soldier of Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or General Headquarters (GHQ). He describes his work place, Prince Shimazu House, in Tokyo, Japan, and also improvement from inadequate supplies in Japan after the war. …
Letter from Kimiye Tanimoto to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, October 2, 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-211)
doc Letter from Kimiye Tanimoto to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, October 2, 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-211)
A letter from Kimiye Tanimoto to her relatives, Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. Kimiye is a sister-in-law of the Okine's son, Masao Okine. She recently returned from Japan to the US and is producing grapes in Lodi, California. In the letter, she gives appreciation to Seiichi and Tomeyo for their visit and gifts. See this object in …
Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
doc Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
Oral history interview with Jane Tomeko Sugimura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sugimura, Jane Tomeko
Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
doc Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
Oral history interview with Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kurakawa, Heiji and Chiyoko
Tadashi Kanemoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-11)
doc Tadashi Kanemoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-11)
Oral history interview with Tadashi Kanemoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KANEMOTO_TADASHI
Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
doc Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
Oral history interview with Sam Maeda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MAEDA_SAM
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
doc Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
Oral history interview with Fred Hashimoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HASHIMOTO_FRED
Fred and Setsu Hirasuna interview (ddr-csujad-6-6)
doc Fred and Setsu Hirasuna interview (ddr-csujad-6-6)
Oral history interview with Fred and Setsu Hirasuna. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HIRASUNA_FRED_AND_SETSU
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Ruth Okuye Ihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-8)
doc Ruth Okuye Ihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-8)
Oral history interview with Ruth Okuye Ihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_IHARA_RUTH
Ena Okonogi Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-8-96)
doc Ena Okonogi Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-8-96)
Oral history interview with Ena Okonogi Sakamoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sakamoto, Ena Okonogi
John Kubota (ddr-csujad-8-31)
doc John Kubota (ddr-csujad-8-31)
Oral history interview with John Kubota. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kubota, John
Request for certificate [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-13)
doc Request for certificate [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-13)
English translation of the certificate. The original certificate in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0012. This certificate was requested by Tsugitada Kanamori, addressed to Nakao Ito, the Mayor of Yokohama City Naka Ward, to certify that Yoshiro Okubo is a welfare commissioner at Bojyo-kai Fifth District. Nakao Ito certifies that the information provided, namely that Yoshiro …
Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
doc Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
This half-sheet of paper certifies that Tsugitada Kanamori was sold four different drugs from the Okubo Pharmany Co., in Yokohama, Japan. English translation of this document is found in item: csudh_tsu_0018. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_006
Japanese in Our Midst (ddr-csujad-19-50)
doc Japanese in Our Midst (ddr-csujad-19-50)
This is an article from the magazine "The Atlantic Monthly," April 1943 which provides a detailed description about the large number of Japanese American people settled in "permanent relocation centers" on the West Coast. It also talks about the distinction between citizen and non-citizen among "the Japanese evacuees." See this object in the California State Universities …
Community analysis report, no. 8, January 28, 1944 (ddr-csujad-19-58)
doc Community analysis report, no. 8, January 28, 1944 (ddr-csujad-19-58)
This issue is titled as Japanese Americans educated in Japan. The document describes about what happened to the children who grew up in California for a while, then went to school in Japan and finally returned back to California. It emphasizes on what effect did living and growing up in two such different places have on …
Jap relocation probe begins, June 28, 1943 (ddr-csujad-19-60)
doc Jap relocation probe begins, June 28, 1943 (ddr-csujad-19-60)
The document describes the investigation of conditions in the incarceration camps in the West. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_02-14_01
Ukichi Taenaka, gravestone (ddr-csujad-25-281)
img Ukichi Taenaka, gravestone (ddr-csujad-25-281)
A page from the Taenaka family album. Pasted on the page are three photographs including Ukichi Taenaka's gravestone, who died in July 1940. The photographs of the gravestone appear to be taken in post-war Japan. Also include Ukichi Taenaka's wife and son. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_09_02_010
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-66)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-66)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army uniform with Private First Class insignia on the arm and a helmet. He poses, standing in front of the house where probably his parents reside in Brighton, Colorado. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_008
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