Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (116)
Kibei (256)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

256 items
Student portrait (ddr-densho-359-82)
img Student portrait (ddr-densho-359-82)
Stamped on the bottom right hand corner of the photograph "Kubo Studio Shingukii Japan". There is also a caption written on the photograph in Japanese.
Student group portrait (ddr-densho-359-54)
img Student group portrait (ddr-densho-359-54)
Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-62)
img Japanese hot spring (ddr-densho-359-62)
A Japanese hot spring that Phillip Okano visited while attending school in Japan between 1923-1933.
Two students (ddr-densho-359-83)
img Two students (ddr-densho-359-83)
Two students pose outisde a building. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Military exercise (ddr-densho-359-59)
img Military exercise (ddr-densho-359-59)
A group of students take part in a military exercise. Phillip Okano attended school in Japan from 1923-1933.
Student playing game (ddr-densho-359-90)
img Student playing game (ddr-densho-359-90)
Students being theatrical for the camera. They pose with signs and with drawings on their chest as if they are in the middle of a card game.
Portrait of Japanese boys (ddr-densho-325-191)
img Portrait of Japanese boys (ddr-densho-325-191)
The names of each boy was written on the photograph sitting is Imao [illegible] and standing is Sumito Horiuchi. At the top of the picture is a line of Japanese text. Sumito Horiuchi studied in Japan from the ages 4 to 16 then finished high school in the United States.
Class portrait (ddr-densho-325-195)
img Class portrait (ddr-densho-325-195)
A class portrait of an all boys school in Japan where Sumito Horiuchi was education in the 1930s.
Group portrait of Japanese boys (ddr-densho-325-190)
img Group portrait of Japanese boys (ddr-densho-325-190)
Each student's name is written on the photograph. From left to right Imao, Shiyouiti, Sumito, and Minoru. On the far right is a line of smudged Japanese text.
School photo (ddr-densho-321-924)
img School photo (ddr-densho-321-924)
Caption in album: "Good Ol' School Days / Kiku Fujii's class in Hakata, / Fukuoka, Japan / 1913-1921."
Family traveling back to Japan (ddr-densho-321-919)
img Family traveling back to Japan (ddr-densho-321-919)
Caption in album: "Mom leaving for Japan / Kiku / Born: Napa, California / 1907 / Spent 10 years in / Hakata, Fukuoka, Japan."
Group of Issei and Nisei in front of barrack (ddr-densho-310-2)
img Group of Issei and Nisei in front of barrack (ddr-densho-310-2)
Ichikawa family in front of their barrack at Minidoka concentration camp. Also pictured are family friends, Yahachi Suzuki and Mr. Hino. (Front Row, left to right) Akira Ichikawa, Hiroko Ichikawa (Back Row, left to right) Satoru Ichikawa, Mr. Hino, Etsuko Ichikawa, Yasashi Ichikawa, Shinya Ichikawa (In Yasahi's arms), Kazuya Ichikawa, Noriko Ichikawa, Yahachi Suzuki
Issei minister and family (ddr-densho-310-4)
img Issei minister and family (ddr-densho-310-4)
Ichikawa family portrait. (Front row, left to right) Akira, Tatsuya, Shinya, Yasashi, Hiroko (Back row, left to right) Noriko, Satoru, Etsuko, Kazuya