Kibei

Kibei is the term for the generation of Nisei born in the U.S. but sent to Japan for education. When in Japan, the Kibei lived with grandparents or other relatives while their parents remained in the U.S. to work. Kibei often struggled to fit in both in Japan, where they were viewed as outsiders, and the U.S., where they were considered "too Japanese" by their Nisei peers. Because of their knowledge of both cultures and languages, the Kibei in particular were targeted by the government as "disloyal" during World War II. Ironically, the Kibei were heavily recruited for the Military Intelligence Service because of their linguistic abilities.

Identity and values (200)
Kibei (480)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Harry Ueno

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480 items
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-93)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-93)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army uniform with Private First Class insignia on the arms. He poses, siting on a military bed. The photograph is probably taken in Camp Savage, Minnesota. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_035
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army service uniform (ddr-csujad-25-64)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army service uniform (ddr-csujad-25-64)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army service uniform with a metal eagle insignia hat. The photograph is probably taken in Brighton, Colorado, where his parents reside. The same image is found in item: uscb_jia_0121. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_006
Japanese American soldiers in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-111)
img Japanese American soldiers in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-111)
A photograph of Japanese American soldiers in US Army uniform. They pose sitting on the ground. The photograph is probably taken in Camp Savage, Minnesota. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_053
Taenaka family in farm (ddr-csujad-25-80)
img Taenaka family in farm (ddr-csujad-25-80)
A photograph of Ukichi Taenaka [?], a brother of Toshikuni Taenaka who is a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier. He is harvesting sugar beets in McMorrow's farm, Brighton, Colorado. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_022
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army combat uniform (ddr-csujad-25-60)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army combat uniform (ddr-csujad-25-60)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army combat uniform, resting with other soldiers. Inscription on the back of the photograph reads: 4-42, me. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_002
Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-71)
img Toshikuni Taenaka in US Army uniform (ddr-csujad-25-71)
A photograph of Toshikuni Taenaka, a Japanese American Nisei/Kibei soldier, in US Army uniform with Private First Class insignia on the arm and a gas mask. He poses, holding a gas mask and standing in front of the house where his parents most likely reside in Brighton, Colorado. See this object in the California State Universities …
Taenaka family in a farm (ddr-csujad-25-91)
img Taenaka family in a farm (ddr-csujad-25-91)
A photograph of the Taenaka family in a farm, Brighton, Colorado. Includes Tamesaburo Taenaka, Kamie Taenaka, Ukichi Taenaka [?], and Yaeko Taenaka [?], harvesting sugar beets in McMorrow's farm. The same image is found in item: ucsb_jia_0081. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: jia_08_01_033
Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
doc Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
Essay observing education levels, types of students, and establishment of education programs at Tule Lake for English speaking students. Includes descriptions of programs for various age groups including nursery, primary, secondary, adult education, college and the Student Relocation Council. Report compiled as a portion of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object …
Part IV. Collective adjustments to the relocation center, chapter I: social structure of the community (ddr-csujad-26-5)
doc Part IV. Collective adjustments to the relocation center, chapter I: social structure of the community (ddr-csujad-26-5)
Description of camp social structures including "Caucasian-Japanese relations" highlighting tension and hostility by three groups that most directly involve Japanese Americans and the incarceration: The War Relocation Authority (WRA), the US Army and the American public. Using case - studies, the manuscript examines these relationships and discusses the circumstances of incarceration contributing to differences in social …
Chapter 8, 9, 10 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-35)
doc Chapter 8, 9, 10 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-35)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including movies, dances, dissatisfaction with recreation, family dynamics, desire to leave camp, cultural and generational differences, and weather. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of a class assignment and collected for the …
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in …
Structural report, institutional adjustments, VII: communicative institutions (ddr-csujad-26-13)
doc Structural report, institutional adjustments, VII: communicative institutions (ddr-csujad-26-13)
Description of observed language skills, languages spoken, and cultural differences contributing to difficulty in communication among incarcerees. The report defines communicative institutions "as means of passing information from place or person to another." Report compiled as a portion of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Names of incarcerees that I sent letters (ddr-csujad-34-9)
doc Names of incarcerees that I sent letters (ddr-csujad-34-9)
A handwritten note by Hiroshi Fukuwa. It lists names that he sent a letter during his incarceration. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: hrs_07_001
Manzanar diary (ddr-csujad-34-1)
doc Manzanar diary (ddr-csujad-34-1)
One diary written by Hiroshi Fukuwa, a Kibei Nisei of Los Angeles, California. His diary starts from his departing day from Los Angeles to move into the Manzanar incarceration camp as one of the first group of volunteer incacerees. He was transferred to the Gila River camp, Arizona, to join his brother's family, and segregated into …
Manzanar diary (ddr-csujad-34-2)
doc Manzanar diary (ddr-csujad-34-2)
English translation of a diary written by Hiroshi Fukuwa, a Kibei Nisei of Los Angeles, California. His diary starts from his departing day from Los Angeles to move into the Manzanar incarceration camp as one of the first group of volunteer incacerees. He was transferred to the Gila River camp in Arizona, to join his brother's …
I.P.W. Team (ddr-csujad-38-461)
img I.P.W. Team (ddr-csujad-38-461)
Photographed are members of Interrogation of Prisoner of War. Back row from left to right: Korean officer, Sgt. Yamashita, Sgt. Asakura, Sgt. Tamura, Sgt. Miyamoto, Sgt. Miyamoto, Sgt. Naohara. Front row from left to right: Lt. Vorobyov, Sgt. Sakamoto, Korean officer. The Japanese caption includes: Lt. Vorobyov was promoted during the war but forgot about his …
Tetsuo Larry Hashimoto (ddr-csujad-38-68)
img Tetsuo Larry Hashimoto (ddr-csujad-38-68)
Photographed is Tetsuo Larry Hashimoto posing next to a horse in a horse ranch. It is probably taken at Axel Johnson Ranch in Utah. A photo from "George Naohara photo album" (csudh_nao_0001), page 18. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_01_18_001
Army church (ddr-csujad-38-435)
img Army church (ddr-csujad-38-435)
Photographed is U.S. Army church. The caption reads: "Army church (George's place)," "Hq 24th __f ___ in church." Title from caption. Item from: George Naohara scrapbook: Korean War and before leaving Japan (csudh_nao_0600). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_04_007_003
Letter from Jennie G. Hermon, Clerk, Local Board No. 277, Selective Service System, to Nobuo Naohara, June 13, 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-575)
doc Letter from Jennie G. Hermon, Clerk, Local Board No. 277, Selective Service System, to Nobuo Naohara, June 13, 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-575)
A letter from Jennie G. Hermon, Local Board No. 277, Selective Service System, to George Nobuo Naohara incarcerated in the Tule Lake camp in California. It is the second notice requiring George to complete DDS form 304A, following their instruction. It appears that George did not respond to their previous letter, which is found in item: …
Interrogation of Prisoner of War (ddr-csujad-38-473)
img Interrogation of Prisoner of War (ddr-csujad-38-473)
A page from: George Naohara scrapbook: Korean War and before leaving Japan (csudh_nao_0600). Includes photocopies of photographs and annotations. The page depicts I.P.W. (Interrogation of Prisoners of War)'s operation during the Korean War. English annotations are found in item: csudh_nao_0670. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_04_043_001
Fort Ord Headquarters (ddr-csujad-38-111)
img Fort Ord Headquarters (ddr-csujad-38-111)
Photographed is George Nobuo Naohara posing in front of the sign of Fort Ord Headquarters. A photo from "George Naohara photo album" (csudh_nao_0001), page 26. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_01_26_001
Nisei farm laborers (ddr-csujad-38-62)
img Nisei farm laborers (ddr-csujad-38-62)
Photographed are Nisei farm laborers siting in a field to rest. It is probably taken at Civilian Conservation Corps Camp, Rupert, Idaho, or Utah. A photo from "George Naohara photo album" (csudh_nao_0001), page 17. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_01_17_001
Sgt. Satoshi Terao (ddr-csujad-38-476)
img Sgt. Satoshi Terao (ddr-csujad-38-476)
Photographed is Sgt. Satoshi Terao standing in a field and holding a cup. The caption reads: Terao Satoshi-kun (SGT) [in Japanese]. Item from: George Naohara scrapbook: Korean War and before leaving Japan (csudh_nao_0600). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_04_045_003
Camps for farm laborers in Idaho (ddr-csujad-38-6)
img Camps for farm laborers in Idaho (ddr-csujad-38-6)
A photograph of Tadashi Sakaida posing in front of Civilian Conservation Corps mobile camps in Rupert, Idaho. The caption reads: Camps for farm laborers in Idaho. [In Japanese]. Title from caption. A photo from "George Naohara photo album" (csudh_nao_0001), page 1. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_01_01_001
Large farm stretching beyond the horizon (ddr-csujad-38-43)
img Large farm stretching beyond the horizon (ddr-csujad-38-43)
Photographed are Nisei farm laborers presumably in Rupert, Idaho, or Utah. The caption reads: A large farm stretching beyond the horizon. [In Japanese]. Title from caption. A photo from "George Naohara photo album" (csudh_nao_0001), page 13. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_01_13_001
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