105 items
Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes (ddr-densho-67-96)
doc Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes (ddr-densho-67-96)
Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes. Ickes expresses concern over the hostile situation that has developed in the camps. He attributes this to the poor way the evacuees have been treated. Ickes also worries that thousands of loyal Japanese have recently turned "angry" and suggests better leadership in the War Relocation ...
Memo:
doc Memo: "Evacuation of Japanese from Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-48)
Memo from John McCloy to General Eisenhower giving reasons against incarcerating Hawaiian Japanese: lack of materials and shipping, labor shortage that would ensue, and possible tensions between mainland and Hawaiian Japanese. McCloy also worries about the legalities of evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Suggests that General Emmons should be in charge of evacuating a select number of "enemy ...
Telephone conversation between Bendetsen and Tate (ddr-densho-67-112)
doc Telephone conversation between Bendetsen and Tate (ddr-densho-67-112)
Transcript of telephone conversation between Bendetsen and Tate. Tate proposes two plans: first, that Justices of the Peace be appointed to each camp to hold trials; second, that they begin censoring the mail. Tate suggests that they even withhold the mail like they do with "military prisoners."
Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-50)
doc Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-50)
Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy officially rescinding the previous order to evacuate Hawaiian Japanese to the mainland. This new order states that any person of Japanese ancestry "considered as potentially dangerous to national security" will be interned in Hawaii.
Memo:
doc Memo: "Summary of Report on Loyal West Coast Japanese" (ddr-densho-67-8)
Memorandum from John Franklin Carter summarizing Curtis Munson's reports regarding the Japanese Americans on the West Coast.
Letter to Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-95)
doc Letter to Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-95)
Letter to New York Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt on Italians and Germans in the U.S. In response to a letter from Lehman, Roosevelt assures him that there will be no evacuation of German or Italian aliens/Americans.
C.B. Munson's
doc C.B. Munson's "Report and Suggestions Regarding Handling Japanese Question on the Coast" (ddr-densho-67-5)
Suggestions in this report include accepting nisei into the war effort and defense industries, and putting responsibility for behavior and food production on nisei groups and leaders.
Harper's Magazine article:
doc Harper's Magazine article: "Japanese in America: the Problem and Solution" (ddr-densho-67-129)
Harper's magazine article written by an Intelligence officer. He describes evacuation and internment, critiques internment and says that most of the internees are loyal.
Memo from Dillon Myer to Secretary of War Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-78)
doc Memo from Dillon Myer to Secretary of War Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-78)
Memo from Dillon Myer to Secretary of War Henry Stimson regarding DeWitt's Final Report. Myer summarizes DeWitt's reoprt, focusing on his justifications of military necessity: illicit communications and ship-to-shore signaling. Quotes parts of DeWitt's report where he discusses the threat of the Japanese on the West Coast. In summary, Myer suggests that the ...
Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-67)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-67)
Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower on Hawaiian-Japanese evacuation plans. States that evacuation and detention "in a concentration camp" has been approved, including "enemy aliens" and U.S. citizens.
Reconsideration page 2 of 2 (ddr-one-5-162)
doc Reconsideration page 2 of 2 (ddr-one-5-162)
Photocopy of a declassified document labeled "RECONSIDERATION." The writer states that he would have recommended parole based on he and his family being Methodist and his son a member of the Boy Scouts, but due to his membership in Sokoku Kai, he believes that Keizaburo Koyama should be interned.
Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 2 of 4. (ddr-one-5-170)
doc Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 2 of 4. (ddr-one-5-170)
Photocopy of a declassified file on Keizaburo Koyama by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. This page goes into greater detail the reasoning for interning Koyama. The FBI has labeled the Fatherland Society as "one of the most aggressive and active of the Japanese nationalist organizations...It's members are selected by reason of their intense loyalty ...
Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 1 of 4 (ddr-one-5-153)
doc Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 1 of 4 (ddr-one-5-153)
Photocopy of a declassified report detailing the reasoning behind the recommendation that Dr. Keizaburo Koyama be interned as an alien enemy. The first page notes those individuals that wrote on his behalf, but since their letters were not in affidavit form, they failed to comply with the Department's regulations for the conduct of alien hearings ...
Intelligence memo:
doc Intelligence memo: "Individuals Blacklisted by Nisei" (ddr-densho-274-24)
Intelligence memo on individuals in the Japanese American community reported to be "suspicious" by other Japanese Americans. Information was provided by a handful of nisei informants, whose opinions were "possibly...colored by personal feelings or desire for gain."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2056 (August 17, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2056 (August 17, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-32)
Selected article titles: "Issei Naturalization Class Reactivating" (p. 1), "Job Bias Cases by Japanese Firms in U.S. Viewed" (p. 1), "Assemblyman Mori's Day of Remembrance Bill Signed" (p. 1), and "Question and Answer Fact Sheet: Didn't Pearl Harbor Justify Your Detention?" (pp. 5, 7).
Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
doc Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
Memorandum from Delos Emmons, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to John J. McCloy, Assistant Secretary of War, regarding a previous report on the Japanese in Hawaii. In this memo, Emmons refutes much of the information in the report. He dispels many of the rumors about the Hawaiian Japanese and admonishes the author of the report for ...
Letter by John L. DeWitt:
doc Letter by John L. DeWitt: "Separation of Kibei from Nisei" (ddr-densho-67-26)
Letter written by John. L. DeWitt, Lieutenant General U.S. Army, to Chief of Staff, U.S. Army. Recommends the segregation of Kibei and Issei from Nisei, and steps taken toward the eventual repatriation of some of the Kibei and Issei.
Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-114)
doc Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-114)
Memo from Edward Ennis to Paul Freund on DeWitt's Final Report. Ennis does not want the government to use the report to justify internment because of all the false statements in it.
Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
doc Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
Letter from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to Francis Biddle on radio signaling as described in DeWitt's Final Report. The FCC reviewed their records and found that there was no evidence of any illegal signaling during Dec. 1941 - July 1942. The FCC also refuted two other things that DeWitt told Biddle justifying evacuation - the FCC ...
Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-51)
doc Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-51)
Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy on nisei in the military. Gives statistics on Nisei in the military in Hawaii and suggests that even though they stopped accepting Nisei in the military creating an all-Nisei combat unit would improve security issues in Hawaii. Emmons says that 300 Nisei already volunteered, an indication of potential success ...
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